Legend has it a man named Jacob Waltz discovered a giant goldmine in these mountains back in the 19th century.
Home to UFO sightings and animal mutations galore, this acre property has been shrouded in mystery for decades. They tried to shoot it with a pistol and then a shotgun but the bullets did nothing to the animal. After a series of mysterious events including cattle mutations and UFO sightings, the Shermans were so freaked out they sold the property two years later.
The Nazca civilisation, which inhabited Peru from around BC to BC, famously created massive drawings in the sand which have baffled archaeologists for some time.
Located km south of the Peruvian capital, Lima, the geoglyphs include animals, plants and enigmatic geometric shapes. While experts are unclear as to what purpose the massive drawings serve, most agree that they probably stem from ritualistic behaviour such as making the drawings big enough so that their Gods could see them from the heavens. There are some corners of the earth so strange that no one can explain them. An artist's impression of a plane's disappearance in the Bermuda Triangle. Theories about aliens, ghosts and even vampires have floated around in the decades since.
Superstition Mountains in Phoenix are believed to hold a secret goldmine. Superstition Mountains - Phoenix, Arizona Legend has it a man named Jacob Waltz discovered a giant goldmine in these mountains back in the 19th century. Why are we compelled to sleep every night? And where the heck are all the aliens?
Here are six mysteries that still keep scientists up at night, and how close they are to solving them. Why do we need sleep? This may seem like a straightforward question, but the answer is far more complex than you might think.
There have been countless attempts to find a definitive reason as to why humans need to sleep every night, but scientists are still unable to offer a single, definitive answer. Findings in sleep science have shed some light on the intricacies of sleep stages and brain activity, but ultimately, they have merely offered pieces to an ever-growing, incomplete puzzle. Nature values inactivity — for instance, winter hibernation allows certain animals to recover and store energy when it is not needed.
African elephants, for example, only sleep for two hours a day in the wild, likely because they need the rest of that time to feed in order to give their large bodies enough energy to function.
The energy saving theory is one of several that scientists use to explain why we sleep. Tononi and his team conducted experiments on sleeping mice and found that, after sleep, synapses were significantly smaller than those before sleep. The brain is bombarded with information during the day, and it reinforces it with strong neural connections.
In other words, sleep allows the brain to make new information pliable enough to fit in with all of the old.
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To fully understand sleep, sleep scientists need a better sense of the neurobiological processes of the brain during both wake and sleep cycles. Once we are able to measure exactly how awake or asleep the human brain is, it will bring us even further to knowing all there is to know about sleep.
But one thing has remained clear as ever: Without sleep, we are far worse off. Not getting enough sleep has a direct affect on how much attention you can pay to the world around you. But it makes up more than 26 percent of the matter in the known universe. Since Dutch astronomer Jacobus Kapteyn hypothesized its existence in , we have come to know it exists because of how it interacts with the matter we can observe, but dark matter is still mysteriously invisible to us. Built almost 5, years ago in what is now Cairo, the three-pyramid complex with the largest, Khufu, dominating the site is a testament to the ancient Egyptians' reverence for their Pharaohs and the intricacies of their belief in the afterlife.
Archaeologists are still discovering new tunnels and shafts built within the pyramids, and are still searching for clues on who built the great monuments, how and why, even today. Perhaps no archaeological discovery is more debated than the enigmatic Shroud of Turin , which many believe to be the burial shroud of Jesus Christ. This long piece of twill cloth bears traces of blood, as well as the darkened imprint of a man's body. The Catholic Church officially recorded the existence of the shroud in A.
But the legend of the shroud dates back to A. According to that legend, the shroud was transported from Judea now southern Palestine to Edessa, Turkey, and later to Constantinople now called Istanbul. When crusaders sacked Constantinople in A. It wasn't until the s that researchers got their hands on the cloth to try to determine its true age using radiocarbon dating. They determined that the alleged burial cloth of Jesus was actually created between A.
In other words, the scientists determined that the cloth is most likely a medieval forgery.
However, critics of this research argue that the scientists may have dated newer portions of the shroud that were stitched together centuries after Jesus' death, which would explain why the shroud seems "newer" than it really is. Humans first settled into permanents towns, farmed and then built temples, in that order, starting in 8, B. An amazing archaeological discovery made in at Gobekli Tepe, a rural area of Turkey, has blown that hypothesis apart, prompting new questions about the evolution of civilization. Containing multiple rings of huge stone pillars carved with scenes of animals and dating to the 10th millennium B.
Yet evidence also suggests the people who built it were semi-nomadic hunters, likely unaware of agriculture, which followed in the area only five centuries later. Because of Gobekli Tepe, archaeologists now have to ask which came first. Did building projects like this lead to settlement, and not vice-versa, as always thought? Here's one archaeological mystery that we'd really like to solve: The copper scroll was found alongside the Dead Sea Scrolls in what is now the West Bank in the Palestinian territories. It dates back nearly 2, years to a time when the Roman Empire controlled the Qumran settlement.
Researchers believe that the scroll might describe a treasure that was hidden by locals to keep it out of the hands of Roman forces during the area's frequent revolts against the empire. Few archaeological mysteries conjure up as much excitement as this one: King Tut's tomb was unearthed in by British Egyptologist Howard Carter, and tales of a " pharaoh's curse " that kills those who come near the tomb have circulated ever since. But the real mysteries of King Tut's tomb are even more interesting than any curse. Archaeologists believe that the boy king died unexpectedly, perhaps from an infection or from injuries sustained in a chariot accident.
His untimely death may help to explain the strange condition that his mummy was in when it was discovered. King Tut appears to have caught fire after his body was mummified and his tomb sealed.
Experts who have studied the mummy believe that King Tut's linen wrappings, which were soaked in flammable embalming oils, may have reacted with oxygen in the air to start a chain reaction that ignited the king's corpse, "cooking" it at about degrees Fahrenheit degrees Celsius. A rushed burial was likely behind the botched embalming job that caused the fire.
But the hasty burial of this royal figure also gives rise to another mystery: It's possible that King Tut's tomb was originally built for someone else, and there may be other, undiscovered mummies buried in the same tomb. The Ark of the Covenant is a gold-encrusted wooden chest that contains the stone tablets of the 10 commandments, according to the Book of Exodus.
Meet Super-Henge, a massive stone monument located just 2 miles 3. Their instruments reside in the Dark Sector, a tight cluster of buildings where light and other sources of electromagnetic radiation are kept to a minimum. From the ground, the Nazca Lines of Peru are nothing spectacular. Findings in sleep science have shed some light on the intricacies of sleep stages and brain activity, but ultimately, they have merely offered pieces to an ever-growing, incomplete puzzle. The Khatt Shebib isn't the only ancient structure in Jordan that has archaeologists puzzled; Stone circles, dating back 2, years and dotting the Jordanian countryside, also have scientists scratching their heads. His book on dark matter and dark energy will appear in Some scientific discoveries are truly stranger than fiction.
In ancient times, this holy box was kept in the First Temple, a Jewish place of worship in Jerusalem. But the First Temple was destroyed in B. No one knows for sure what became of the ark, though since its disappearance, many people both real and fictional have gone looking for it. So far, no one has actually found the holy relic apart from Indiana Jones, of course.
Some ancient reports say that the ark made its way to Babylon after Nebuchadnezzar's sack of the city. Others say that the ark was buried somewhere in Jerusalem, or that it was destroyed along with the First Temple. Modern reports hint that the ark resides in a monastery in Ethiopia. And a recently translated ancient Hebrew text suggests that the Ark of the Covenant will simply reveal itself, though not "until the day of the coming of the Messiah son of David.
One of the most talked about books of the 20th century was an ancient text that no one could read. Discovered by an antique bookseller in , the Voynich manuscript is a page book written in an unknown alphabet and illustrated with a range of images, from female nudes to medicinal herbs and Zodiac signs.
While some scholars believe the book is simply a Renaissance-era hoax full of unintelligible words, there are some who think the book's text is written in an unknown language. Others believe the book lays out some kind of code that has yet to be cracked. Stephen Bax, a professor of applied linguistics at the University of Bedfordshire in England, claimed to have deciphered 14 of the Voynich manuscript's characters in February The book is most likely a treatise on nature, written in a Near Eastern or Asian language, according to Bax.
Some scientific discoveries are truly stranger than fiction. No, scientists didn't stumble upon a real-world version of the Shire, but they did uncover the bones of the petite ancient hominin Homo floresiensis , which they quickly dubbed "the Hobbit. At first, researchers believed the diminutive bones may have belonged to a human with microcephalia , a condition characterized by a small head and short stature.