Johann Baptist Homann was a German engraver and publisher, who established himself and his family as perhaps the most famous German map publishers. Following his death in , the business continued under the name "Homann Heirs". This Homann map is finely engraved, and in original wash colour and a uncoloured cartouche. Paper very slightly age toned, as usual. Repaired split and tear 5 cm in lower part center fold.
Sailing ships can be seen in the Arabian Sea and the Mediterranean. The geography is reasonably accurate for the time with many place names given. Armenia and George "Giorgia" are named.
Imperium Turcicum in Europa, Asia et Africa. Split in lower part center fold 7 cm into engraved area. Following his death in , the business continued under the name Homann Heirs. This Homann map is finely engraved, and in original wash colour with a uncoloured cartouche.
Institut in Hildburghausen, Carte de la Turquie d'Europe. French text en verso. Split in lower part center fold repaired. Thacker's Reduced Survey Map of India. Madras, Delhi, Calcutta et Bombey. Road Map of India. Ceilan que incolis Tenarisin dictur. Prepared by Petrus Plancius.
Oriented to the east. Indiae Orientalis Nova Descriptio. Paper slightly age-toned as usual, water stains in left and top margins.
Iacques a l'image S. Rallier du Baty R. Partie de la Province de Sartene. The Congo region on the west coast of Africa is included in this map. With these two sources, we were able to define and identify the investment and the collaborations between French-speaking Europeans during ecTQGs. They contain a certain number of questions on ecTQGs as well as on the networks of the participants what decisive encounters? This was manifested by the progressive formation of clusters and the training of PhD students.
Includes the new discoveries in New Guinea made by the Dutch "Duyfkens" exploration. The map is embellished with rhumb lines, sailing ships, sea monsters, compass roses and three cartouches. The cartouches feature indigenous people mermaids and a sea monster. Tartaria sive magni chami imperium. Northern tip of Korea included. The Chinese Great Wall is depicted. Some very light marginal discolouration along center fold. Korea is shown as an elongated island whilst Japan is shown with just the three principal islands of the archipelago.
Rade de Papeete le 28 7. Loss of image 9 x 3 cm in lower right expertly redrawn. The surrounding sea is cut in very great detail. The seas are teeming with numerous small sailing vessels of different shapes and sizes together with a number of kinds of sea monsters. Papier un peu bruni, quelques rousseurs et mouillures. Paper slightly age-toned as usual, brown spotting and water staining. Small hole near Sicily. Now with the imprint of Henricus Hondius and the date Angliae, scotiae, et Hiberniae, sive Britannicar: Derived from Mercator's map of the British Isles.
Lot de 12 cartes de format in-plano et grand in-folio. Neuf cartes de format in-plano et grand in-folio.
Insulae Balearides et Pytiusae. Split along center fold totally reinforced. With repair of 2 small holes and 2 horizontal tears at center fold, 5 cm into engraved area. De la Guerre par A. Petite fente dans la marge gauche. Port et ville de Syracuse. Large inset of the harbor and city of Syracuse, contained in a third decorative cartouche. Printed from four plates. Orcel, engraved by Garofalo. Inset of Pantellaria and Malta with Gozo. Venise, Lodovico Lurlanetto, Regni Poloniae magnique ducatus Lithuaniae.
Repair of split lower part center fold. The map is overall covered with tiny pin holes. Johann Baptist Homann born in Kammlach He was engraver, map-seller and geographer to the Kaiser of the Holy Roman Empire He also was member of the Prussian Royal Academy of Science. Sans texte au verso. Mouillures en bas de carte avec fragilisation du papier. Petite fente en bas du pli central sur 4 cm. Water stains in lower part. Split in lower part center fold 2 cm into engraved area. Very decorative title cartouche with Russian coat-of-arms. Carte des Chemins de Fer. Lutetia, vulgari nomine Paris, urbs Gallia.
Paper slightly browned as usual. Il remplace le plan de Hans Rudolf Deutsch. From his "Cosmographia", that great compendium of Renaissance knowledge. Der Statt Parys wie solche an ietzo an zusehen Berey Pres les Augustins aux deux Globes, [ Vue en 4 planches 40,5 x 53 l'une environ jointes.
Boucot Receveur de la Ville, M. Anthoine de la Port Eschevin, M.
Jean Rousseau Eschevin, M. Claude Santeul Eschevin, M. Nouveau plan routier de la Ville de Paris. Paris, chez Journeaux, Plan Routier de la Ville de Paris et de ses Faubourgs.
Carte militaire des environs de Paris. Plan de Paris et ses fortifications. Rehauts de couleurs pour les arrondissements et les forts. Etui et chemise modernes. Cachet des "chemins de fer de l'ouest". Paris, Dunod, , In-8 de 2 ff. Provincia Parisiensis Cum confiniis. Atlas topographique en XVI feuilles des environs de Paris. Germain, Vincennes, Pontoise, Poissy …. Figure les forts au sud de Paris. Plan de la Forest de Laye, et de la Garenne du Vezinet. Le pont du Pecq enjambe la Seine en aval de son emplacement actuel. Insula Vulgo Lille, Belgice Riissel. Infime tache brune dans la carte.
Plan de Valenciennes, chef lieu d'Arrondissement avec une esquisse de la banlieue. Description du Pays de Caux. Description du Pays de Normandie. Plan du Chateau, Jardins et Parc de Gaillon. Esprit, Grand Aumonier de la Reine". Plan de la Ville et des Faubourgs de Rouen. Carte Topographique de la Ville et des Faubourgs de Rouen. G Heliot et H. Peintre de paysages, aquarelliste et graveur. Membre de la Old Water-Colour Society. Canada, Vietnam et Russie. Des co-directions transdisciplinaires apparaissent aussi avec M. Il se produit donc une certaine diversification de la nature des liaisons.
Society and space , European Journal of Geography , article Des rencontres avec des Anglais, des Allemands, des Italiens y ont eu lieu. European Journal of Geography. Communications networks in European colloquiums and diffusion of French-speaking European theoretical and quantitative geography This gives us a first indication on the development of French TQG at an international level.
On the contrary, the number of Belgian communications has remained relatively stable, inferior to This had a strong local impact, unlike in Belgium and its Spa conference in Figure 3 — The evolution of the number of communications made by French-speaking European participants in ecTQGs — Lists of communications during ecTQGs, The small ratio of communications by French-speaking researchers during the colloquia in Tomar in and in Athens in is mainly due to the considerable presence of local geographers, more numerous than the others years.
What the interviewed stakeholders answered regarding this matter gives us feedback to make a certain number of explanatory assumptions. They particularly underlined the importance of European colloquia as the occasion to debate and interact at a European level. The seminars are a place for scientific expression but also a place for formal and informal exchanges that lead to the creation of short- or medium-term relationships or that allows existing ties to be maintained.
It is also a place where numerous initiatives were triggered: However, English-speaking authors are perhaps more inclined to communicate in other seminars, such as D. A frequent remark was also made in favor of European colloquia as events of a reasonable size, in comparison to seminars that benefit from institutional support, such as the seminars organized by the European Regional Science Association ERSA , the Association of American geographers AAG and the British Royal Geographical Society RGS that some do not hesitate to qualify as High Masses of geography.
Their statements are corroborated by the exploitation of the brochures of the successive seminars. During a ecTQG, which always lasts three days, there are only three series of communications presented simultaneously and the number of participants ranges from 50 to Athens in was an exception with almost participants. At a more global scale, the AAG seminar that took place in New York in had 80 sessions in parallel each day for a total of participants and the seminar that was organized in Los Angeles in gathered participants, including foreigners.
Numerous participants would have been reluctant to hear the intervention of an institution considered by many as elitist and reactionary. These examples confirm the choice and certainly the desire of participants to organize the colloquium without institutional support. Amongst other arguments, some French-speaking European academicians who participate in the European colloquia said that there are significant collaborations between the researchers of these countries.
Others asserted that a stable group of Belgian and French geographers continue to be invested in theoretical and quantitative geography whereas in other countries the number of geographers implicated has declined. The analysis of the lists of contributors and of the paper abstracts, two sources that will not be presented in this article 9 , seems to reveal discrepancies in the diffusion of theoretical and quantitative geography in Europe. A possible explanation for the persistence and increase of the French presence would be the freedom of research in the country that results from the permanent position of researchers and lecturers, contrarily to Germany where this movement, whose stakeholders were less numerous in the beginning, has gradually declined.
The development of the movement was rather stable in French-speaking Europe and especially in France, but this was not the case in the Netherlands: Finally, the fact that the movement appeared earlier in France than in Spain or Portugal can explain the differences between them. These two countries emerged much later.
The quantitative analysis of the number and of the proportion of communications by French-speaking stakeholders therefore corroborates a general tendency to develop and diffuse of theoretical and quantitative geography in French-speaking Europe. Our theory is that this movement occurred in three phases: The information available about this initial colloquium revealed that French geographers either came in small groups or on their own and that they were mainly from eastern France. The majority of the French delegation was composed of teaching assistants or researchers.
Amongst the professors or thesis supervisors present could be found the main geographers who had facilitated the introduction of TQG in France. This was the case in host city Strasbourg where four geographers were present: Reymond born in who had just arrived from North America, already a Doctor and who belonged to a founding generation, S.
Rimbert born in , a thesis supervisor who had also visited North America, and two teaching assistants. The second most important group was composed of three young female teaching assistants from Paris: They were in their thirties and did not occupy high-ranked positions in their universities. These three women later formed the P. The other contributors were there on their own: Guermond from Rouen and M.
Chesnais from Caen 11 , J. Vigouroux who were mainly assistants at the time The report of the seminar was published in AREA by a collective of British authors who had been present there, as well as a book with some of the proceedings and texts added after the event Bennett, Although French-speaking European participants were less numerous, those from South-eastern France were greatly active: Mercier from Strasbourg and who was not in the Dupont group attended workshops on physical geography.
It is difficult to compare it to previous colloquia because the type of information is not the same a simple list of participants for the Strasbourg conference, a report of communications for Cambridge and a list of communications for Augsbourg. There were two collective communications figure 4: Mathematicians such as J. Langlois Rouen co-signed with geographers. They largely contributed to the development of these two clusters according to their testimonies.
There were more than one author for each of these communications, geographers, mathematicians, computer engineers like Lannuzel and myself. I was never completely devoted to theoretical and quantitative geography. I was open to all the approaches that were suggested to me. Douguedroit but, according to the list under study, others were present without having presented a paper. The simultaneous presence of human and physical geography experts mainly climatologists is typical of a sub-disciplinary field that overlooks the traditional divisions of the discipline.
French geographers were not the only ones present in Augsburg, as Jean-Pierre Grimmeau from Brussels, who had completed a PhD in , was also invited. List of communications during the ecTQG inAugsbourg, There were many Belgian participants as the host-city was not far: Beguin, a pioneer and leading figure of Belgian TQG, and Jacques Thisse, an economist who, as many witnesses confirm, greatly influenced H. Beguin in his vision of geography and in the use of mathematical methods. The collaboration between these two researchers led very early on to interdisciplinarity.
Finally, some doctoral students preparing their thesis used the opportunity for the first time to present their work in a European colloquium. This was the case of L. Sanders, a student of F. Young quantitative specialists, after having been trained on quantitative methods and new space theories, tried to develop the movement and consequently elaborated collaborations during colloquia and other events. It is accounted for in the interviews that the Louvain-la-Neuve cluster was greatly open to international collaborations thanks to H.
Beguin 15 , which can be illustrated by the communication done in common by Jean-Claude Thill, a Belgian geographer, and an American academician 16 at Bardonecchia. Similarly, French academicians interacted with Germans and Italians. Key French-speaking stakeholders of TQG participated in this summer school: There they met with English, German and Italian researchers. These summer schools and the collaborations they generated expose a double process: The latter, a physician by training, prepared a second doctoral thesis in France on the fractality of urban structures under the supervision of D.
Finally, we must note that, in Bardonecchia, the majority of the papers were presented by researchers from the North-eastern part of the French-speaking European area. Moreover, a photograph taken during this particular seminar shows the significant presence of French-speaking geographers figure 6. List of communications of the Bardonecchia ecTQG, Numerous Parisian PhD students participated in the organization of the colloquium, proof that a new generation was emerging, precociously accustomed to this international environment However, not many of them actually co-signed a paper, as they were at an early stage of their thesis for example, N.
Rozenblat finished their thesis in The lack of continuity between this new wave of geographers and the previous generations can be explained by the fact that French universities stopped recruiting geographers between and ; some stakeholders of TQG believe this hindered the expansion of the movement. The Chantilly colloquium was marked, according to some participants, by a festive atmosphere and a strong sense of cohesion around TQG.
Group photograph of some of the participants to the Chantilly ecTQG This course was launched in in Paris and contributed to the expansion of the movement figure 7. He and Claude Grasland, two disciples of the initial stakeholders of the movement, inaugurated French-Belgian partnerships during European colloquia. Clusters which had already contributed to previous seminars were present in Stockholm: Strasbourg, Louvain-la-Neuve with H.
This illustrates the vitality of the clusters and the specific geographical location of the movement north of the study area. List of communications of the Stockholm ecTQG, Direct collaborations between the French clusters of TQG had been rare since the first European colloquium. Belgium was well represented, without any links with France this time. Finally, the young generation representative of the expansion phase of the movement was increasingly present with, for instance, C. Weber Strasbourg or C. Collaborations between France and Germany were confirmed and revived international communications.
The local effect with the seminar being hosted in Belgium was not prominent, the number of Belgian communications being stable. Belgian researchers were very implicated in European seminars, especially Hubert Beguin and Isabelle Thomas, irrespective of their location and of the capacities of Belgian universities. Moreover, the Rouen cluster remarkably grew with six communications made by eight different contributors a lot more than during previous seminars , including mathematician P. Langlois, who played a key role as a methodologist. The total number of communications further increased and some groups had flourished enough to send a big delegation.
More generally, French-speaking researchers greatly communicated with foreign colleagues, which verifies the fact that the network of collaborations was developing internationally.