Here, we describe the full genome of a new avihepadnavirus isolated from Psittacula krameri ring-necked parrot in Poland. Many immature mourning doves Zenaidura macroura cannot be aged by the conventional white-tipped primary covert method if molt has proceeded beyond the 7th primary. A new method of aging doves in this group is based on the presence immature or absence adult of a buff-colored fringe on the tips of the 9th and 10th primaries.
Experienced biologists were nearly percent accurate in aging wings of known-age doves from eastern and midwestern states. The technique is not as reliable for doves from southwestern United States because of added feather wear, apparently from harsh vegetative and soil conditions.
Safety of fenbendazole in Chinese ring-necked pheasants Phasianus colchicus. Ring-necked pheasants raised on propagation farms can be severely parasitized with Syngamus trachea gapeworm and other parasitic worms. Fenbendazole is a highly effective benzimidazole-class anthelmintic that is not currently approved for game bird species in the United States. The objective of this work was to provide target animal safety data to support a label claim for fenbendazole in pheasants at parts per million ppm in the feed for 7 consecutive days. Demonstration of safety in young pheasants and a separate demonstration of reproductive safety in adult birds were required.
In the young bird study, Chinese ring-necked pheasants Phasianus colchicus, 80 males and 80 females were fed a commercial game bird starter ration containing no antibiotics, growth promoters, or coccidiostats until day 0 of the study approximately 21 days of age. On day 0 the birds were placed on their respective study diets containing fenbendazole at 0, , , and ppm for 21 days three times the normal treatment duration.
Clinical observations were recorded twice daily. Feed consumption, feed conversion rate, and body weights were determined for each pen. Three birds from each pen were randomly selected for necropsy, histopathology, and clinical pathology. Birds were carefully examined for feathering abnormalities immediately following euthanasia. The remaining birds in each pen were submitted for drug concentration analysis so that concentrations for low vs. There no morbidities or mortalities after study day There were no statistically significant treatment-related differences in feed consumption, feed conversion rates, body weights, serum biochemistry profiles, hematologic profiles, gross necropsy findings, histopathologic examination, and feathering.
Allowable liver and muscle concentrations of fenbendazole sulfone in turkeys are 6 and 2. Migration routes and staging areas of trans-Saharan Turtle Doves appraised from light-level geolocators. Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Full Text Available The identification of migration routes, wintering grounds and stopover sites are crucial issues for the understanding of the Palearctic-African bird migration system as well as for the development of relevant conservation strategies for trans-Saharan migrants.
Using miniaturized light-level geolocators we report a comprehensive and detailed year round track of a granivorous trans-Saharan migrant, the European Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur. From five recovered loggers, our data provide new insights on migratory journeys and winter destinations of Turtle Doves originating from a breeding population in Western France. Data confirm that Turtle Doves wintered in West Africa.
Our results reveal that all individuals did not spend the winter period at a single location; some of them experienced a clear eastward shift of several hundred kilometres. We also found evidence for a loop migration pattern, with a post-breeding migration flyway lying west of the spring route. Finally, we found that on their way back to breeding grounds Turtle Doves needed to refuel after crossing the Sahara desert. Contrary to previous suggestions, our data reveal that birds used stopover sites for several weeks, presumably in Morocco and North Algeria.
This later finding is a crucial issue for future conservation strategies because environmental conditions on these staging areas might play a pivotal role in population dynamics of this declining species. Declining ring-necked pheasants in the Klamath Basin, California: Survival, productivity, and cover. Inadequate nesting cover was responsible for extremely low nest success early in the nesting season at TLNWR.
Later in the season at TLNWR, spring-planted crops provided cover to conceal nesting and renesting hens; however, only 0. The extremely low reproductive rates were well below those required to maintain a stable population. At TLNWR, most adult mortality during spring and early summer before crops provided adequate cover apparently resulted from predation by golden eagles Aquila chrysaetos.
This mortality occurred weeks before insecticide applications.
Il bosco e l'Abruzzo: Le vicende e le voci nel II° millennio: 4 (Classici d' Abruzzo) (Italian Is it True (A Variety of Passion Book 1) (Kindle Edition). , in the “Torre del Cerrano” Marine Protected Area (Italy). Commissario Straordinario e Presidente del Consorzio di Gestione dell'Area Ai primi di giugno del , nel corso di un seminario di formazione Vasto, “l' ultima spiaggia d'Abruzzo”. 3rd edition. Il bosco e l'Abruzzo. voci nel II millennio.
Hard winters cold temperatures and heavy snowfall periodically reduce the pheasant population in the Klamath Basin and again greatly reduced numbers during the last year of this study. Unfortunately, pheasant populations declined under the conditions found during this study and were unable to recover from the hard winter of to Habitat management of edge cover along agricultural crops should feature perennial grasses and legumes with small tracts of land interspersed throughout the agricultural fields to provide alternative cover for wildlife in general including pheasants.
Expansion of an exotic species and concomitant disease outbreaks: Eurasian collared doves Streptopelia decaocto have expanded their range across the United States since their introduction several decades ago. The first instance of mortality by this emerging infectious disease in this species occurred in Florida in with subsequent disease events in and Full diagnostic necropsies were performed on carcasses from the three states. Other APMVs are common in a variety of free-ranging birds, but concern is warranted because of the potential for commingling of this species with native birds, virus evolution, and threats to domestic poultry.
Improved surveillance for wildlife mortality events and efforts to prevent introduction of non-native animals could reduce the threat of introducing new pathogens. Genomic evidence of demographic fluctuations and lack of genetic structure across flyways in a long distance migrant, the European turtle dove. Understanding how past climatic oscillations have affected organismic evolution will help predict the impact that current climate change has on living organisms.
The European turtle dove , Streptopelia turtur, is a warm-temperature adapted species and a long distance migrant that uses multiple flyways to move between Europe and Africa. Despite being abundant, it is categorized as vulnerable because of a long-term demographic decline. We studied the demographic history and population genetic structure of the European turtle dove using genomic data and mitochondrial DNA sequences from individuals sampled across Europe, and performing paleoclimatic niche modelling simulations.
Overall our data suggest that this species is panmictic across Europe, and is not genetically structured across flyways. We found the genetic signatures of demographic fluctuations, inferring an effective population size Ne expansion that occurred between the late Pleistocene and early Holocene, followed by a decrease in the Ne that started between the mid Holocene and the present.
Our niche modelling analyses suggest that the variations in the Ne are coincident with recent changes in the availability of suitable habitat. We argue that the European turtle dove is prone to undergo demographic fluctuations, a trait that makes it sensitive to anthropogenic impacts, especially when its numbers are decreasing. Also, considering the lack of genetic structure, we suggest all populations across Europe are equally relevant for conservation.
Reappraising factors affecting mourning dove perch coos. Results confirmed pairing as the primary factor influencing perch-cooing rates of wild mourning doves Zenaida macroura. Marked unmated males cooed at substantially higher rates 6. Population density was not a major factor affecting cooing. Unmated males cooed more frequently in the presence of other cooing doves P doves above 1 was unimportant. Cooing rates of both mated and unmated males on areas with dissimilar dove densities were not significantly different.
Within limits of standard call-count procedure, weather exerted no detectable influence on cooing. The analyzing of Dove marketing strategy. Firstly,I would like to introduce this product. Thinking like a duck: The post-fledging period is one of the least studied portions of the annual cycle in waterfowl. Yet, recruitment into the breeding population requires that young birds have sufficient resources to survive this period.
We used radio-telemetry and generalized estimating equations to examine support for four hypotheses regarding the drivers of landscape scale habitat use and movements made by juvenile ring-necked ducks between the pre-fledging period and departure for migration. Our response variables included the probability of movement, distances moved, and use of different lake types: Birds increased their use of staging areas and lakes with low potential for disturbance i.
Males and females moved similar distances and had similar probabilities of movements each week. However, females were more likely than males to use brood-rearing lakes later in the fall. Our findings suggest juvenile ring-necked ducks require different lake types throughout the fall, and managing solely for breeding habitat will be insufficient for meeting needs during the post-fledging period. Maintaining areas with low potential for disturbance and areas suitable for staging will ensure that ring-necked ducks have access to habitat throughout the fall.
Tolerance doses of cutaneous and mucosal tissues in ring-necked parakeets Psittacula krameri for external beam megavoltage radiation. Currently used dosages for external-beam megavoltage radiation therapy in birds have been extrapolated from mammalian patients and often appear to provide inadequate doses of radiation for effective tumor control. To determine the tolerance doses of cutaneous and mucosal tissues of normal birds in order to provide more effective radiation treatment for tumors that have been shown to be radiation responsive in other species, ingluvial mucosa and the skin over the ingluvies of 9 ring-necked parakeets Psittacula krameri were irradiated in 4-Gy fractions to a total dose of either 48, 60, or 72 Gy using an isocentric cobalt teletherapy unit.
Minimal radiation-induced epidermal changes were present in the high-dose group histologically. Neither dose-related acute nor chronic radiation effects could be detected in any group grossly in cutaneous or mucosal tissue over a 9-month period. Radiation doses of 72 Gy in 4-Gy fractions were well tolerated in the small number of ring-necked parakeets in this initial tolerance dose study.
Pox in mourning doves in the United States. Pox infection has occurrcd in mourning doves in at least 8 states on 12 separate occasions. Unsuccessful attempts were made to transmit both fowl pox chicken isolate and passerine pox cowbird isolate to mourning doves. Serologic surveillance of wild and pen-reared ring-necked pheasants Phasianus colchicus as a method of understanding disease reservoirs. Dwight, Ian; Coates, Peter S. Gabriel; Gharpure, Radhika V. Serologic tests were positive for antibodies against hemorrhagic enteritis HE , infectious bursal disease IBD , and Newcastle disease ND viruses in both wild and pen-reared pheasants.
Pox in the mourning dove in Maryland. Kossack and Hanson2 reported the occurrence of pox lesions in mourning doves in Illinois. Rosen3 reported that "pigeon pox" had caused a severe mortality in a mourning dove flock near Yreka, Siskiyou County, California. A severe outbreak of pox that occurred in a captive flock of mourning doves at the Patuxent Research Refuge further emphasizes the need for more study of this disease as a cause of dove mortality. Twenty-two mourning doves were live trapped on the Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, Maryland, in September, The doves were examined for presence of Trichomonas gallinae and, when found to be free of trichomonads, were made the nucleus of a captive dove colony.
A mourning dove that had a small, pink nodule on the left eyelid was captured on the Agricultural Research Center on September 17, The nodule was excised and the cut surface was treated with tincture of merthiolate. The dove then was added to the dove colony. Eggshell thickness in mourning dove populations. Mean shell thickness did not differ significantly in the test groups. Ecology and behavior of the zenaida dove. Data are summarized from a 10 year study of the Zenaida Dove Zenaida aurita in Puerto Rico and its offshore islands.
The dove displays sexual size dimorphism, with males generally larger than females: Most activities feeding, courtship, fighting occurred in mornings and afternoons, whereas loafing and maintenance activities were more prevalent at mid-day. I recorded 77 plant species used as food by Zenaida Doves in Puerto Rico. Major food species uncluded Scleria lithosperma, Argemone mexicana, Croton rigidus, Phyllanthus amarus, Cordia angustifolia, Zanthoxylum martinicense, Euphorbia heterophylla, and several species of legumes. Zenaida Doves have two major vocalizations: Doves nested in a wide variety of habitats, including forest edge, mangrove forest, dry scrub, and mixed agriculture-urban areas.
Nests were generally placed in trees, but doves nested on the ground where certain terrestrial predators were absent. Nests were found in all months of the year, although a breeding peak occurred from March through Mayor July. Doves replaced clutches when nests were destroyed, and recycled up to four times in a season.
Males selected nest sites and initiated building. Eggs 2 were laid on alternate days, beginning about two days after the nest was completed. Incubation and nestling stages averaged Nests were continuously covered from the laying of the first egg through day seven of the nestling stage. Thereafter, adult attendance dropped steadily until day 14, when they carne to the nest only for chick feedings. Chicks days showed a mean daily weight gain of Marked dietary differences between sympatric feral rock doves and Although feral rock doves Columba Iivia and rock pigeons C.
Examination of the crop contents of 32 feral rock doves and 48 rock Although feral rock doves Columba livia and rock pigeons C.
Examination of the crop contents of 32 feral rock doves and 48 rock pigeons revealed that Improved clinicopathologic assessments of acute liver damage due to trauma in Indian ring-necked parakeets Psittacula krameri manillensis. Increased activities of certain biochemical enzymes alanine aminotransferase [ALT], aspartate aminotransferase [AST], lactate dehydrogenase [LDH], alkaline phosphatase [ALP] have been associated with blunt liver injury in many species.
To evaluate changes in plasma hepatic biochemical parameters in acute avian liver disease caused by trauma and to compare biochemical changes with histologic lesions in hepatic parenchyma, 30 healthy fasted Indian ring-necked parakeets Psittacula krameri manillensis were divided into 2 groups, and traumatic liver injury was caused by endoscopic liver biopsy group 1 or by liver biopsy and crushing injury to the hepatic parenchyma with endoscopic forceps group 2 in anesthetized birds.
Blood samples were collected at baseline and at 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96, , and hours in alternate groups to compare analyte values after injury with those at baseline. Results showed consistently decreased plasma ALP activity excluding 1 time point throughout the study, which was thought to be associated with isoflurane administration. Plasma glutamate dehydrogenase activity initially increased but rapidly declined thereafter and was attributed to acute focal hepatocellular injury.
Compared with baseline values, bile acid concentration and y-glutamyl transferase activity were not affected by liver biopsy or crush injury. Plasma sorbitol dehydrogenase activity was the most specific indicator of liver injury in both groups. Histologic changes correlated poorly with biochemical results, possibly because the small area of hepatic parenchyma that was damaged did not affect enzyme values substantially.
Long-term and widespread changes in agricultural practices influence ring-necked pheasant abundance in California. Declines in bird populations in agricultural regions of North America and Europe have been attributed to agricultural industrialization, increases in use of agrochemical application, and increased predation related to habitat modification.
Using a modeling approach that integrates all three forms of survey data into a joint response abundance index, we found pheasant abundance was related to the amount of harvested and unharvested crop land, types of crops produced, amount of total pesticide applied, minimum temperature, precipitation, and numbers of avian competitors and predators. Specifically, major changes in agricultural practices over the last three decades were associated with declines in pheasant numbers and likely reflected widespread loss of habitat.
For example, increases in cropland were associated with increased pheasant abundance during early years of study but this effect decreased through time, such that no association in recent years was evidenced. A post hoc analysis revealed that crops beneficial to pheasant abundance e. An additional analysis using a restricted data set indicated recent negative impacts on pheasant numbers associated with land use practices were also associated with relatively high levels of pesticide application. Our results may provide valuable information for management policies aimed at reducing widespread declines in pheasant populations in California and may be applicable to other avian species within agricultural settings.
Furthermore, this general analytical. Immunologic status of mourning doves following an epizootic of trichomoniasis. An epizootic of trichomoniasis in mourning doves at the Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge began in and continued into Challenge infection of 33 doves from the epizootic area showed 85 percent to be resistant to trichomoniasis, compared to 69 percent resistance in doves from Maryland, where no epizootic has occurred for at least 3 years. Plasma protein changes which occurred following challenge infection were identical in CSNWR and Maryland doves which showed evidence of disease.
Of the doves which showed no signs of disease, those from the CSNWR exhibited no change in beta globulins, identical to the response in pigeons which survive an infection by T. An observation of a partially albinistic zenaida macroura Mourning Dove. Abstract Three of the 4 forms of albinism that occur in avifauna have been detected in Zenaida macroura Mourning Dove. Albinism is rare in this species, and the incidence rate of each age and sex cohort is not well known. Consequently, we examined the pigmentation of Mourning Doves encountered in the Coastal Plain of South Carolina, and classified the age and sex of all individuals.
One adult male Mourning Dove had unusually light coloration of some feathers and the upper mandible. This pigmentation is consistent with partial albinism. This was the only individual out of 10, examined that appeared to be albinistic. This low incidence rate of albinism supports the conclusion that this condition is relatively rare in Mourning Doves Mirarchi Unretrieved shooting loss of mourning doves in north-central South Carolina.
Unretrieved loss for mourning doves Zenaida macroura in north-central South Carolina was between 27 and 41 percent of the retrieved kill for the through hunting seasons based on 1, doves shot by hunters. Dove hunters hunted in groups, fired 8. Increased dove populations and hunter bag resulted in increased unretrieved loss, numbers of shots per bagged bird, and illegal activities. Retriever dogs increased the efficiency of dove hunters. Mourning Dove nesting habitat and nest success in Central Missouri.
Previous Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura nesting studies conducted in areas containing a mixture of edge and continuous habitats have focused on edge habitats. Consequently, little is known about the potential contribution of continuous habitats to dove production. In this study we evaluated the relative importance of these two extensive habitat types by monitoring the habitat use and nest success of 59 radio-marked doves during in central Missouri. Of 83 nests initiated by our marked sample, most Although continuous habitats were selected less as nest sites, the proportion of successful nests did not differ significantly from that in edge habitats.
Our data indicate that continuous habitats should not be considered marginal nesting habitat. If the intensity of use and nest success that we observed are representative regionally or nationally, continuous habitats could contribute substantially to annual Mourning Dove production because of the high availability of these habitats throughout much of the Mourning Dove breeding range. A risk assessment for consumers of mourning doves.
Recreational and subsistence hunters and anglers consume a wide range of species, including birds, mammals, fish and shellfish, some of which represent significant exposure pathways for environmental toxic agents. The potential risk of contaminant intake from consuming mourning doves Zenaida macroura , the most popular United States game bird, was examined under various risk scenarios.
For all of these scenarios the authors used the mean tissue concentration of six metals lead, mercury, cadmium, selenium, chromium, manganese and radiocesium, in doves collected on and near SRS. They also estimated risk to a child consuming doves that had the maximum contaminant level. As a result of their risk assessments they recommend management of water levels in contaminated reservoirs so that lake bed sediments are not exposed to use by gamebirds and other terrestrial wildlife.
Particularly, measures should be taken to insure that the hunting public does not h ave access to such a site. Their data also indicate that doves on popular hunting areas are exposed to excess lead, suggesting that banning lead shot for doves , as has been done for waterfowl, is desirable. Sedative effects of midazolam and xylazine with or without ketamine and detomidine alone following intranasal administration in Ring-necked Parakeets. To evaluate the effects of intranasal administration of midazolam and xylazine with or without ketamine and detomidine and their specific antagonists in parakeets.
The efficacy of the reversal agents flumazenil, yohimbine, and atipamezole was also evaluated. In parakeets, intranasal administration of midazolam 7. Combinations of midazolam 3. Compared with detomidine, duration of dorsal recumbency was significantly longer with midazolam. Intranasal administration of flumazenil 0. Compared with the xylazineketamine combination, duration of dorsal recumbency was longer after midazolam-ketamine administration. Intranasal administration of flumazenil, yohimbine, or atipamezole significantly decreased the duration of sedation induced by midazolam, xylazine, or detomidine, respectively.
Intranasal administration of sedative drugs appears to be an acceptable method of drug delivery in Ring-necked Parakeets. Reversal agents are also effective when administered via this route. Importance of structural stability to success of mourning dove nests. Studies of nest-site selection and nesting habitats often involve a "characterization" of nests and of habitats in which nests are found.
Our objective in the present work is to identify nest-site characteristics that are associated with variation in components of Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura fitness e. If certain nest- site characteristics affect the probability that a nest will succeed, then we suspect that these characteristics will be associated with either concealment the probability of detection by certain predators or structural stability the probability of eggs or entire nests falling to the ground as a result of wind, rain storms, parental activity, etc.
Although other workers agree that structural stability is an important determinant of Mourning Dove nesting success e. Fish and Wildlife Service If this survey were not conducted, we would not be Fairness and Reciprocity in the Hawk- Dove Game. We study fairness and reciprocity in a Hawk- Dove game, using an experimental approach. This allows us to test various models in one framework. We observe a large extent of selfish and rational behavior. Our results are inconsistent with leading models in this field This section provides for the annual hunting of certain doves and pigeons in the 48 contiguous United States.
The mourning dove hunting The following intertexts are included in the analysis: Using fecal glucocorticoids for stress assessment in Mourning Doves. Fecal glucocorticoid assays provide a potentially useful, noninvasive means to study physiological responses of wildlife to various stressors. The objective of our study was to validate a method for measuring glucocorticoid metabolites in Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura feces. We validated the assay using standard procedures e. We conducted adrenocorticotropin ACTH challenge experiments to validate the assay's ability to determine biologically important changes in fecal glucocorticoids.
Fecal glucocorticoid levels increased significantly approximately hr after administration of ACTH at 50 IU per kg body mass to wild Mourning Doves held in captivity. In contrast, fecal glucocorticoid metabolites did not increase in control birds, birds that received saline injections, or a lower dose of ACTH 1 IU per kg body mass. Variation in overall fecal glucocorticoid metabolite levels may have been influenced by season and the length of time birds were held in captivity.
Non-invasive fecal glucocorticoid metabolite analyses, in combination with demographic information, may have considerable utility for monitoring the effects of natural and anthropogenic disturbances on Mourning Dove populations. Population demographics of two local South Carolina mourning dove populations.
An age-specific band recovery model with time- and area-specific recovery rates, and constant survival rates, was chosen for estimation via Akaike's Information Criterion AIC , likelihood ratio, and goodness-of-fit criteria. After-hatching-year AHY annual survival rate was 0. Average estimated recruitment per adult female into the prehunting season population was 3. Our movement data support earlier hypotheses of nonmigratory breeding and harvested populations in South Carolina. Low survival rates and estimated population growth rate in the study areas may be representative only of small-scale areas that are heavily managed for dove hunting.
Source-sink theory was used to develop a model of region-wide populations that is composed of source areas with positive growth rates and sink areas of declining growth. We suggest management of mourning doves in the Southeast might benefit from improved understanding of local population dynamics, as opposed to regional-scale population demographics. Mono-ortho PCBs are global contaminants of wildlife with the potential to produce toxicity by an aryl hydrocarbon receptor AhR -mediated mechanism. To determine the potency of 2,3,3',4,4'pentachlorobiphenyl PCB for producing reproductive and developmental toxicity, adult ring-necked pheasant hens Phasianus colchicus were orally dosed with 0, 0.
Embryo mortality and chick mortality were not significantly different between treatment groups. The first chick to hatch from each hen was reared to 21 dph and among these birds the total body, liver and heart weights were not different between groups. There were no dose-related malformations of the beak or limbs, and no signs of subcutaneous edema, ascites, or pericardial edema in chicks at 1 or 21 dph. Landscape correlates along mourning dove call-count routes in Mississippi. Mourning dove Zenaida macroura call-count surveys in Mississippi, USA, suggest declining populations.
We used available mourning dove call-count data to evaluate long-term mourning dove habitat relationships. We characterized landscape structure and composition within 1. Habitat classes included agriculture, forest, urban, regeneration stands, wetland, and woodlot. We used Akaike's Information Criterion to select the best candidate model. Percent agriculture was positively correlated with relative dove abundance. Interestingly, we found a negative relationship between edge density and dove abundance. Researchers should conduct future research on dove nesting patterns in Mississippi and threshold levels of edge necessary to maximize dove density.
During the last 20 years, Mississippi lost more than , ha of cropland while forest cover represented largely by pine Pinus taeda plantations increased by more than , ha. Our results suggest observed localized declines in mourning dove abundance in Mississippi may be related to the documented conversion of agricultural lands to pine plantations. Ultrastructural observations of previtellogenic ovarian follicles of dove. Dove ovarian follicle is a complex structure composed of oocyte surrounded by a somatic compartment consisting of theca externa, theca interna and granulosa.
The structure of ovarian follicle 1 and 2 mm of dove was studied by electron microscopy. The granulosa was pseudostratified in the 1-mm-diameter follicles and stratified with two or three irregular rows of cells in the 2-mm-diameter follicles. In the larger follicle indentations between oocyte and granulosa cells become more numerous and the microvilli of granulosa cell elongated to form a zona radiata with similarly elongated oocyte microvilli.
Lining bodies were present at the tips of granulosa microvilli and in the cortical region of the oocyte. In the oocyte cortex were observed coated pits, coated vesicles, dense tubules, multivesicular bodies and primordial yolk spheres. Primordial yolk spheres may contain lining bodies and were observed fused with dense tubules and multivesicular bodies or associated with smooth cisternae.
A new stratification of mourning dove call-count routes. The mourning dove Zenaidura macroura call-count survey is a nationwide audio-census of breeding mourning doves.
Recent analyses of the call-count routes have utilized a stratification based upon physiographic regions of the United States. An analysis of 5 years of call-count data, based upon stratification using potential natural vegetation, has demonstrated that this uew stratification results in strata with greater homogeneity than the physiographic strata, provides lower error variance, and hence generates greatet precision in the analysis without an increase in call-count routes.
Error variance was reduced approximately 30 percent for the contiguous United States. This indicates that future analysis based upon the new stratification will result in an increased ability to detect significant year-to-year changes. Survival models for harvest management of mourning dove populations. Quantitative models of the relationship between annual survival and harvest rate of migratory game-bird populations are essential to science-based harvest management strategies. I used the best available band-recovery and harvest data for mourning doves Zenaida macroura to build a set of models based on different assumptions about compensatory harvest mortality.
Although these models suffer from lack of contemporary data, they can be used in development of an initial set of population models that synthesize existing demographic data on a management-unit scale, and serve as a tool for prioritization of population demographic information needs. Credible harvest management plans for mourning dove populations will require a long-term commitment to population monitoring and iterative population analysis. Upper digestive tract trichomoniasis in mourning doves and other birds. This paper, while partially a review of previously published reports from North America, presents many new records on the occurrence of Trichomonas gallinae in North American columbiform birds.
Evidence is presented that the. An extensive epizootic is reported involving several thousand eastern mourning doves in the Southeastern States during the summer of Although probably the chief means of transmission is from. Some strains may kill almost every recipient, while others, though they readily infect, never produce the slightest discomfort or pathology.
Nonlethal infections produce an immunity to all strains tested. In some cases, however, when these double-strain infections are further inoculated into. The mechanism by which this virulence acts in the blrds is undoubtedly an important factor in determining the morbidity or mortality that may occur in a population.
The prevalence of trichomoniasis in native pigeons and doves presents many practical as well as academic problems. Ultimate application of control measures, evenon an experimental basis, must await further knowledge of many more basic facts. Primary feather molt of adult mourning doves in North and South Carolina. Examination of 8, adult mourning doves Zenaida macroura in North and South Carolina revealed that substantial numbers complete primary feather molt in September. Adult mourning doves shed primaries at the rate of 1 per 14 days.
No difference was found in this rate between sexes or among years, The initiation of molt differed from year to year, and female molt always preceded male molt. Available data show that southern doves complete primary molt a month earlier than northern doves. Therefore, age based on primary molt can be biased upward if all molt-complete wings from southern hunting samples are considered immature.
Reward banding to determine reporting rate of recovered mourning dove bands. Reward bands placed on the other leg of certain regularly banded immature mourning doves Zenaidura macroura were used to develop information on reporting rates of recovered dove bands. Reports from 15 widely separated sections of the United States showed considerable variation in recovery rate of doves both with and without reward bands.
The overall percentages of banded doves that were reported as recovered were 9. Haemoproteus, a blood parasite, in domestic pigeons and mourning doves in Maryland. The occurrence of Haemoproteus in pigeons throughout the world and in mourning doves in the United States is reviewed. Haemoproteus has previously been reported only once from pigeons in Maryland. During this study it was found in all of 18 pigeons from one area but in none of 12 from an adjacent area. No infections were found in 90 Maryland mourning doves. All of the 10 mourning doves from Florida were infected whereas 60 nestlings from Texas and Mississippi had no parasites.
None was found in nestling white-winged doves from Texas. Survival, fidelity, and recovery rates of white-winged doves in Texas. Progress of primary feather molt of adult mourning doves in Missouri. The examination of 7, adult doves in Missouri between and showed that less than 2. Adult doves of both sexes began molting their primary feathers during early June in Missouri and lost the last tenth primary during the latter half of October.
Approximately days were required to complete the molt. Thus, early-hatched immatures, which begin their primary molt days after hatching, contributed the bulk of the wings with completed molts in September. By correctly classifying September samples of dove wings with a completed molt as young-of-the-year a more accurate young: Yue Joseph Wang named Grant A. Dove Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering. Spent shot availability and ingestion on areas managed for mourning doves. Mourning dove Zenaida macroura hunting is becoming increasingly popular, especially in managed shooting fields.
Given the possible increase in the availability of lead Pb shot on these areas, our objective was to estimate availability and ingestion of spent shot at the Eagle Bluffs Conservation Area EBCA, hunted with nontoxic shot and the James A. During , we collected soil samples one or 2 weeks prior to the hunting season prehunt and after 4 days of dove hunting posthunt. We also collected information on number of doves harvested, number of shots fired, shotgun gauge, and shotshell size used. Dove carcasses were collected on both areas during Our findings suggest that existing soil sampling protocols may not provide accurate estimates of spent-shot availability in managed dove shooting fields.
During , 15 of 4. Of those doves , 6 In comparison, only 2 of 0. Because a greater proportion of doves ingested multiple steel pellets compared to Pb pellets, we suggest that doves feeding in fields hunted with Pb shot may succumb to acute Pb toxicosis and thus become unavailable to harvest, resulting in an underestimate of ingestion rates. Although further research is needed to test this hypothesis, our findings may partially explain why previous studies have shown few doves with ingested Pb shot despite their feeding on areas with high Pb shot availability.
Management of migratory birds at the national level has historically relied on regulatory boundaries for definition of harvest restrictions and estimation of demographic parameters. Most species of migratory game birds are not expanding their ranges, so migratory corridors are approximately fixed. White-winged doves Zenaida asiatica , however, have undergone significant variation in population structure with marked range expansion occurring in Texas, and range contraction in Arizona, during the last 30 years.
We used band recovery and mark-recapture data to investigate variation in survival and harvest across 3 geographic strata for white-winged doves banded in the pre-hunting season in Texas during We banded 60, white-winged doves , recovered 2, bands via harvest reporting, and recaptured known-age birds between and White-winged doves had a low probability of moving among strata 0.
Harvest recovery rates were concordant with estimates for other dove species, but were variable across geographic strata. Based on our results, harvest management strategies for white-winged doves in Texas and elsewhere should consider differences in population vital rates among geographic strata. Changes in land use as a possible factor in Mourning Dove population decline in Central Utah. Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura population indices for the western United States have declined significantly since Based on data collected in , in Fillmore, Utah, we examined whether there had been a local decline in the dove population index since the original data were collected.
We then determined whether habitat had been altered, identified which foraging habitats doves preferred, and assessed whether changes in land use could be responsible, in part, for a decline in the local population index. Doves foraged primarily in harvested wheat fields, feed pens, and weedy patches. We hypothesize that a decrease in wheat availability during the spring and the consolidation of the livestock industry have contributed to a population decline of Mourning Doves in central Utah. Calibrating recruitment estimates for mourning doves from harvest age ratios.
We examined results from the first national-scale effort to estimate mourning dove Zenaida macroura age ratios and developed a simple, efficient, and generalizable methodology for calibrating estimates. Our method predicted age classes of unknown-age wings based on backward projection of molt distributions from fall harvest collections to preseason banding. We estimated 1 the proportion of late-molt individuals in each age class, and 2 the molt rates of juvenile and adult birds.
Monte Carlo simulations demonstrated our estimator was minimally biased. We estimated model parameters using 96, wings collected from hunters and 42, birds banded during preseason from 68 collection blocks in 22 states during the — hunting seasons. We also used estimates to derive a correction factor, based on latitude and longitude of samples, which can be applied to future surveys.
We estimated differential vulnerability of age classes to harvest using data from banded birds and applied that to harvest age ratios to estimate population age ratios. Average, uncorrected age ratio of known-age wings for states that allow hunting was 2. We used an independent estimate of differential vulnerability to adjust corrected harvest age ratios and estimated the average population age ratio as 1. Average annual recruitment rates were highest east of the Mississippi River and in the northwestern United States, with lower rates between.
Our results demonstrate a robust methodology for calibrating recruitment estimates for mourning doves and represent the first large-scale estimates of recruitment for the species. Our methods can be used by managers to correct future harvest survey data to generate recruitment estimates for use in. Studies of the global baseline pollution. Distribution and derivation of white-winged dove harvests in Texas. Band recoveries provide requisite data for evaluating the spatial distribution of harvest relative to the distribution of breeding stocks for a wide variety of migratory species.
We used direct and indirect band-recovery data to evaluate the distribution and derivation of harvest of white-winged doves Zenaida asiatica banded before hunting season in 3 distinct strata in Texas, USA, during Age-specific weighting factors and harvest derivation indicated that both juvenile and adult harvest were highest within the strata of original banding. Harvest distribution data corrected for band-reporting rates indicated high fidelity of white-winged doves to specific geographic strata, with little interplay between strata.
Our results suggest that population vital-rate estimates for survival and harvest for use in future Adaptive Harvest Management should focus on stock-specific levels. Evaluating call-count procedures for measuring local mourning dove populations. Seventy-nine mourning dove call-count runs were made on a km route in Osage County, Missouri, May 1-August 31, and Circular study areas, each 61 ha, surrounding stop numbers 4 and 5, were delineated for intensive nest searches and population estimates.
Tallies of cooing male doves along the entire call-count route were quite variable in repeated runs, fluctuating as much as 50 percent on consecutive days. There were no consistent relationships between numbers of cooing males tallied at stops 4 and 5 and the numbers of current nests or doves estimated to be present in the surrounding study areas. We doubt the suitability of call-count procedures to estimate precisely the densities of breeding pairs, nests or production of doves on small areas.
Our findings do not dispute the usefulness of the national call-count survey as an index to relative densities of mourning doves during the breeding season over large portions of the United States, or as an index to annual population trends. Functional morphology and seed anatomy of the invasive weed, benghal dayflower Commelina benghalensis: Implications for dispersal by mourning doves. Benghal dayflower BD is an exotic weed that reduces yields in many agricultural crops. Potential dispersal of this weed by migratory Mourning doves was investigated in this study.
Evidence shows that doves feed on BD seeds, with some birds containing hundreds of seeds. Seeds extracted from harvest The potential dispersal of Benghal dayflower seeds by mourning doves was studied in southern Georgia, U. The gut contents both crop and gizzard of mourning doves harvested in the autumn months were investigated to determine if mourning doves fed on Benghal dayflower and whether seeds can surv Rapid change in the defense of flightless young by a mourning dove parent. We report that an adult-sized Zenaida macroura Mourning Dove , presumably a parent, rapidly decreased risk taken in defense of a juvenile as the likelihood of predation to the juvenile increased.
We attribute this decrease in risk taken to 1 the parent's perception that the risk of predation had increased to the extent that a continuation of defensive behaviors would not prevent the death of the juvenile, and 2 its attempt to minimize its own risk of death. It may be that there is a threshold beyond which Mourning Dove parents will forgo the risk of additional defense of offspring in favor of making another reproductive attempt. Nesting characteristics of mourning doves in central New Mexico: Response to riparian forest change.
Riparian forests of the American Southwest are especially prone to changes in composition and structure due to natural and anthropogenic factors. To determine how breeding mourning doves Zenaida macroura respond to these changes, we examined nest site use and nest survival in control plots, fuel reduction plots before and after mechanical thinning, and post-wildfire Mourning dove Zenaida macroura wing-whistles may contain threat-related information for con- and hetero-specifics.
Distinct acoustic whistles are associated with the wing-beats of many doves , and are especially noticeable when doves ascend from the ground when startled. I thus hypothesized that these sounds may be used by flock-mates as cues of potential danger. Following playbacks of startle wing-whistles and alarm calls, conspecifics and heterospecifics startled and increased vigilance more than after playbacks of other sounds.
Also, the latency to return to feeding was greater following playbacks of startle wing-whistles and alarm calls than following playbacks of other sounds. These results suggest that both conspecifics and heterospecifics may attend to dove wing-whistles in decisions related to antipredator behaviors. Whether the sounds of dove wing-whistles are intentionally produced signals warrants further testing. Foram utilizados 12 pombos alocados em dois grupos com 15 dias de intervalo, os quais receberam: Twelve animals were used in a randomized and crossover design.
Animals received two treatments with 2-weeks interval. Statistical analysis was performed using Wilcoxon test and the differences were considered significant when P Mourning dove hunting regulation strategy based on annual harvest statistics and banding data.
Although managers should strive to base game bird harvest management strategies on mechanistic population models, monitoring programs required to build and continuously update these models may not be in place. Alternatively, If estimates of total harvest and harvest rates are available, then population estimates derived from these harvest data can serve as the basis for making hunting regulation decisions based on population growth rates derived from these estimates.
I present a statistically rigorous approach for regulation decision-making using a hypothesis-testing framework and an assumed framework of 3 hunting regulation alternatives. I illustrate and evaluate the technique with historical data on the mid-continent mallard Anas platyrhynchos population. I evaluate the statistical properties of the hypothesis-testing framework using the best available data on mourning doves Zenaida macroura. I use these results to discuss practical implementation of the technique as an interim harvest strategy for mourning doves until reliable mechanistic population models and associated monitoring programs are developed.
Full Text Available The article analyses Andrey Bely's novel "The Silver Dove " in the context of his religious, spiritual and artistic search during — Analysis of the novel's architectonics reveals both Christian and occult motifs and images. The main character's denial of sectarian utopia based on the "spiritualization of flesh" concept, as well as his inner self-crucifixion confession of guilt brings positive outlook to the ending of the novel. Erebus contain a dark oligotrophic volcanic ecosystem DOVE and represent a deep biosphere habitat that can provide insight into microbial communities that utilize energy sources other than photosynthesis.
The community assembly and role of fungi in these environments remains largely unknown. However, these habitats could be relatively easily contaminated during human visits. The species diversity was greater than has been found in the nearby McMurdo Dry Valleys oligotrophic soil. These fungi are associated with skin surfaces of animals and require high lipid content for growth, indicating that contamination may have occurred through the few and episodic human visits in this particular cave.
These findings highlight the importance of fungi to DOVE environments as well as their potential use for identifying contamination by humans. The latter offers compelling evidence suggesting more strict management of these valuable research areas. The mourning dove Zenaida macroura Callcount Survey and the North American Breeding Bird Survey provide information on population trends of mourning doves throughout the continental United States.
Because surveys are an integral part of the development of hunting regulations, a need exists to determine which survey provides precise information. We estimated population trends from to by state and dove management unit, and assessed the relative efficiency of each survey. Estimates of population trend differ P lt 0. Differences were probably a consequence of smaller sample sizes in the Callcount Survey. The Breeding Bird Survey generally provided trend estimates with smaller variances than did the Callcount Survey.
Although the Callcount Survey probably provides more withinroute accuracy because of survey methods and timing, the Breeding Bird Survey has a larger sample size of survey routes and greater consistency of coverage in the Eastern Unit. Perinatal intimate partner violence IPV is common and has significant negative health outcomes for mothers and infants.
This study evaluated the effectiveness of an IPV intervention in reducing violence among abused women in perinatal home visiting programs. This assessor-blinded multisite randomized control trial of women experiencing perinatal IPV was conducted from to in U. All participants were screened for IPV and referred appropriately.
All models accounted for age and maternal depression as covariates. Accompanied the bishop of Vannes to the Council of Trent and took part in the discussions on marriage 1 March In opposition to other French delegates, he maintained that certain consanguinity rules could be dispensed with as evangelical law was free from the contraints of mosaic law. Missionary in the Holy Land. He was selected for missions in Egypt in after his studies at the Collegio San Pietro in Montorio. He died at Cairo on August nine, Together with friar Giuseppe Maria di Gerusalemme, he wrote a travel story about his voyages and experiences.
Aside from that, he wrote many letters and a Historiae discreta relazione delle nuove missione nelle parti del Egitto Superiore. Relazione dei Padri Fr. Giacomo Albani e Fr. Giuseppe Maria di Gerusalemme, di cio che videro nel loro viaggio , ed. Giro del Mondo 6 Naples: Roselli, I, , Available on Google Books. Historia e discreta relazione delle nuove missione nelle parti del Egitto Superiore come parimenti nelle vasti Regni di Fungi ed Etiopia. For a modern edition, see: Marcellino da Civezza, Saggio di bibliografia sanfrancescana Prato, , 10; C.
Connected with the court of Robert of Anjou, the preacher king? Would have produced a commentary on John and on the letter to the Romans. Swiss Franciscan friar and pilgrim to the Holy Land. Not to be confused with the Franciscan Jacobus a Porta, who died in in Basel and became the recipient of a local cult. Jacobus Bambini Giacomo Bambini da Fiorenza, fl. Religious with philosophical, botanical and spargiric interests.
For years pharmacist in the Santa Croce friary in Florence. Later in life specific grammatical and poetic interests. Pneumaton Diatribae, hoc est Spirituum alloquia Florence: This amounts to stylized letters in elegiac verses between living and dead people on the conditions of heaven, hell, and purgatory. Giovanni Franchini, Bibliosofia e memorie letterarie di scrittori Francescani conventuali Ch'hanno scritto dopo 'Anno Modena: Eredi Soliani Stampatori, , ; Sbaralea, Supplementum ed. Historia de nostra Sra. Biblioteca de Autores Baleares , ed.
Gelabert, I, 67 no. Friar from Alessandria in Piemonte. Priest or cappellanus in Entered the Capuchins at Paris in , to make his final profession on 18 August Became professor of theology. After some teaching assignments, he became provincial definitor in After this decade of administrative charges, he was allowed to devote himself to biblical studies. He died on 8 September Jacques Bolduc Paris, Duo sonoro Madrid, Rome, , ; Sbaralea, Supplementum ed.
Franciscan theologian and inquisitor. Lector of theology of Milan and alledged composer of a Summa Contra Hereticos between , against the Cathars of Lombardy, and 52 Conciones Quadragesimale. In the past, there was some doubt as to whether Jacobus Capelli known for the Summa and the Sermones and Jacob of Milan the author of the Stimulus Amoris were one and the same person.
Now, they are seen to be two different persons. Summa Contra Hereticos , edited as an anonymous work by D. Disputationes nonnulae adversus hereticos, Vol. A full translation was published in by Paola Romagnoli. Also a partial edition in: Capelli is more honest and careful in representing the positions of the Cathars than most authors of anti-heretical treatises. Jacobus Collis Jaime Coll, fl. Cisneros, , no. Danish friar possibly natural son of the Danish King.
There he prached and argued against Lutheranism. A few years later, in , the Franciscans were driven out of the friary by the Lutherans. Thereafter, he and many other friars with him went into exile. At first he traveled to Mecklenburg under the protection of Duke Albrecht who had fought for the Catholics in the civil war. In Mecklenburg, Jacob was appointed the last provincial minister of the Franciscan Dacia province.
Soon after, Jacob moved to Spain, and shortly before or in , he received royal permission to depart for New Spain. In Jacob arrived in Veracruz, Mexico, never to return. Almost from the beginning, he lobbied for indigenous rights. Soon, this caused friction with the civil authorities of New Spain, as well as with fellow friars including Juan de Gaona , order superiors and secular clergymen. He was forced to do penitence for this position, also because he had maintained that a church that did not allow the baptized Indians from the New World to participate fully in all the other sacraments was not a truly apostolic church and a in fact a body engaged in a form of heresy.
Rasmussen, Fray Jacobo Daciano , trans. Colegio de Michoacan, ; Inspirierte Freiheit. Herder, , f. Jacobus Doglia Giacomo Doglia da Asciano, fl. He joined the order in Asciano. Studied as collegialis in Bologna. Later magister studium in the Naples studium. Preacher at the general chapter and then lector in dogmatic theology in Bologna. Subsequently, he embarked on a preaching career, notably as a Lenten preaching in a large number of Italian cities. Eventually honoured with the title of perpetual definitor. Eredi Soliani Stampatori, , Active as magister theologiae in Paris ca.
Follower of Duns Scotus and engaged in polemics against those who tried to harmonize the teachings of Thomas and Duns like Robert of Cowton. Regent master at Paris between Took part in the discussions concerning Franciscan poverty with Gonsalvo of Balboa, who had been asked to explain the Franciscan poverty position at the Council of Vienne by Clement V.
Giacomo was one of the composers of the Conventual Responsio , directed against the Rotulus written by Ubertino of Casale. Known to have composed a Sentences commentary, biblical commentaries and quodlibetal questions, as well as an index on the works of John Duns Scotus Tabula Scoti. Quaestiones Quodlibetales from Lent See Duba, for a listing of the questions. Michael Schmaus zum Die Philosophie im In memoriam Konstanty Michalski , ed. Wadding, Annales Minorum VI ed. Schwamm, Robert Cowton, O. Doucet in AFH 25 , , n. Gli Ordini mendicanti nel Piceno. I francescani dalle origini alla Controriforma, Atti del corso del piano provinciale di aggiornamento per docenti e dirigenti delle scuole elementari e delle medie inferiori e superiori , ed.
Theological Quodlibeta in the Middle Ages. The Fourteenth Century , ed. Brill, , ff. Franciscan friar of the Aragon province. He also wrote an elucidation of the rule of Francis Lucerna. Juan de Villanueva, Digitized via Googe Books. The work consists of three parts: Lucerna fratrum minorum et Expositio Bullae eugenianae Leipzig, This work can be read and downloaded via the digital collections of the Munich State Library.
Madrid, V, nos. Prolific author and polemicist on matters of moral theology, demonic influences, mendicant life, etc. Accessible via Google Books. La conduite des illustres, ou, Les maximes pour aspirer a la gloire d'vne vie heroique, et chretienne: L'amour eucharistique victorieux des impossibilitez de la nature et de la morale, contenant plusieurs discours pour l'octave du S.
Au sujet des magicians et les sorciers. La Vie de S. Jean Ressayre et Vve Philibert Chavance, The edition is accessible via Google Books. Amour and the mendicants in the 13th century. In versi volgari del Magnificat ]: Tavola per trovare le lettere Domenicali: Tipo litografia Corpo 16, Born at Coutances Manche. Entered the Capuchin order in the Normandy province in Was active in his province as a lector of theology, definitor, and long-time novice master.
Prolific author of exegetical, theological and polemical works. Le Boullenger, , , , The edition is available on Google books. Concordantia Breviarii Romani, ubi omnes materiae praedicabiles in solo breviario contentae rediguntur et indicantur Paris, Elucidatio paraphrastica Apocalypsis beati Joannis Apostoli , 2 Vols. Apud Sebastianum Cramoisy et Gabrielem Cramoisy, Taught at Paris in the last decade of the thirteenth century, where he reached the magisterium theologiae , and acted as regent ca.
He still figures as master of theology in June , when he refused to support a summon of the French king Philippe le Bel to sign a document directed against pope Boniface VIII, as a result of which Quesnoy together with John Duns Scotus and a range of other Parisian masters who also refused to sign had to leave France within three days. Doucet has provided arguments to assign to Quesnoy some quodlibetal questions. In a forthcoming article, Sylvain Piron will argue that an ascription to Raymond Rigaud is the most plausible option. The Thirteenth Century , ed. Primera parte de el Arbol chronologico de la Archivo Ibero Americano, Spanish friar and preacher.
Several of his works have survived, namely: Praxis confessionalis et explicatio propositionum damnatarum a S. Petro Francisco de Como, Francisco Maria Gradiscano typis J. LThK ,2 nd ed. Jacobus de Grumello early sixteenth cent. Italian friar from Grumello Bergamo. Taught theology at the Bergamo convent before he became vicar of the Observant province of Brescia.
Apostlic nuntius in , in which function, Bartolomeo preached the crusade against the Turcs. Groups of interstitial cells with typical morphological appearance and surrounded by loose, well vascularized connective tissue are observable within the organ, between the seminiferous tubules. Re-analysis of a banding study to test the effects of an experimental increase in bag limits of mourning doves. On Aguiguan, 19 species were detected on one or both of the surveys and , and abundance estimates were produced for nine native and one alien species. Gli exempla di Iacopo Mazza.
During this period, he obtained a name as public preacher. Giacomo died in the convent of Feltre. Wadding, Annales , an. Jacobus de Gubbio - French friar, possibly from Lens in Artois. Author of several sets of model sermon collections, which were published in Paris between and Quod preclari profundissimique sacre pagine interpretis necnon divini verbi preconis vivacissimi Magistri Jacobi de lenda ex ordine minorum sermones quadragesimales: Editions available via Google Books.
Sermones magistri Jacobi de Lenda diuini verbi interpretis ex cetu fratrum diui Fra[n]cisci prestantissimi: Zawart, ; De Troeyer, Bio-Bibl. Filips van Meroni; V. Jacobus de Lenda', Franciscana 27 p. Born in Monteprandone Ascoli Piceno. Entered the Observant branche of the Franciscan order c. Maria degli Angeli after studies of the liberal arts at Ascoli, and studies of canon and civil law at the university of Perugia.
Took his profession under the name of Giacomo on August 1, Et incepi predicare in festo sancti Antonii de Padua in sancto Salvatore prope Florentiam Maria La Nuova at Naples. In the same manuscript BAV Vat. Lat , Giacomo states f. Bernardino, these qualifications of the preacher are elaborated further ed. Pacetti, AFH 36 , 84ff.: Tria debet habere predicator, videlicet: Franciscus declarat hanc doctrinam salutiferam in capitulo nono Regule, dicens: Eloquia Domini eloquia casta: Prima, quod non sit in eius verbis aliquod verbum contra fidem.
Secundo, non scandalizosum contra proximum, verbis simulatis infamando aliquem,vel ex invidia vel odio unus predicator contra alium, quia tales depredicationibus Dei effecti sunt predicatores blasfemie. Paulus nolebat quod fierent collectas in predicatione … Quarto, non predicet adulando, ut placeat populo. Unde Ysaie … Quinto, non predicent res inutiles sibi et populo.
Sexto, non predicent subtilia, que non possunt capi a populo, sed ut se ostendat valentem hominem. Unde Ieronimus … Septimo, quod predicatio sua non sit contra seipsum cum mala vita. Unde Paulus ad Romanos 2 cap. Primum predicare contra vitia; secundum predicare virtutes; tertium penam; quartum gloriam vite eterne. Numquam defecit expugnare divinas offensas; numquam defecit dirigere devios ad vitam eternam; numquam defecit defensare Ecclesiam Dei; numquam defecit manifestare gloriam Dei.
Sicut Angelus in celo, et ille in terra: Known for his many preaching journeys, and his attempts to reform the morals of Italian city life. Founder of several lay confraternities and of institutions meant to subvert illegal money lending activities so-called Montes Pietatis. Active as inquisitor alongside of John of Capistran, against remnants of the fraticelli, in , and independently in Hungary and Italy in , crusade preacher against the Turcs, and commisioner of the order in Bosnia , Hungary and Italy. He tried in vain to reconcile the conventuals and the observants on request of Calixtus III.
Eventually, Pope Pius II had to order both parties both inquisitors to keep silent on the subject. Giacomo was an avid book collector. His personal library counted no less than manuscripts. See on this esp. Giacomo died at Naples on 28 November Just like the other foremen of the Italian Observance, Giacomo left a large number of sermons, in which he developed his moral theology, expressed his themes of reform, and fulminated against the sins of his time luxuria, vanitates mulierum, sodomia, ludi, usuria, etc.
On the basis of his own sermon manuscripts, written and compiled during his preaching career, Giacomo eventually distilled a more or less finalized series of Sermones Quadragesimales and Sermones Dominicales Latin model sermons, following the main rules of the Artes Praedicandi , and no direct witnesses of his vernacular preachingstyle. For his preaching style, we might refer to the surviving reportationes of two sermons held at Padua in The Latin Sermones Dominicales have been edited by Lioi.
The Sermones Quadragesimales still await their first critical edition. Alongside of his sermons, he engaged in the production of treatises mostly reworked sermons for the preparation of the sacrament of penance. Isidore library, the Bib.
An exhaustive listing of his works is made in Dionysius Lasic, De vita et operibus S. Studium et Recensio Quorundam Textum Falconara, Campus Florum October Lioi, Picenum Seraphicum 7 , Compendium Theologiae Moralis April MS Oxford Bodleian Library cod. Lasic, De Vita et Operibus , [Moral theological summa for confession and instruction purposes meant for incumbent priests, with guidelines for consecration of the altar, the rites of baptism, rules for confession, papal dispensations, excommunication]. Iacobi de Marchia in cod. Quomodo Christus fuit missus a Patre ff. Feria post LX, ff.
Maria Magdalena feria 5 post dom. Passione feria 6 post dom. Ascona , Biblioteca Francescana Cod. For editions of these sermons the vernacular version is known as the Regola per ben confessarsi , see below. Iacobus de Monte Prandone or. Etate viginti duorum annorum in nomine Domini ingressus sum in ordinem s. Francisci, de mense iulii Et incepi predicare in festo s.
Antonij de Padua in S. Salvatore prope Florentiam Et dimisi predicationem in festo s. Bernardini, de mense madii , manu propria: Among the 98 topics listed in this alphabetical index Lasic, , which refer to the 85 sermons in the manuscripts, the following are directly geared to straightforward catechistic issues although many of the other items in the list touch on comparable themes of moral and religious instruction, and on social issues that were the hallmark of Observant preaching and have connections with the guidebooks for living a Christian life that stem from the same period: De baptismo refers to sermon on f.
De fide refers to sermons on ff. After this list, the sermons themselves start on f. Qui manducat meam carnem, bibit meum sanguinem, habet vitam eternam. Secundum sententiam apostoli Pauli I. Animalis homo non percipit … Ubi de isto ineffabili et mirabili sacramento faciemus Ve contemplationes, quarum: Quantum ad eius honorificationum; 2. Quantum ad eiusdem figurationem; [3a. Quantum ad eiusdem amirationem, later addition]; 3b. Quantum ad eiusdem institutionem; 4. Quantum ad eiusdem sustentationem; 5. Quantum ad eiusdem beneficii receptionem. Ad primum dico … ; De Eodem ff. De actila flagellum Dei ff.
De sectis christianorum morantium in Terra Sancta ff. Verbum caro factum est, ff. Pater noster, qui es in celis, sanctificetur nomen tuum. Tria namque quelibet oratio seu petitio, ut acceptabilis fiat, ante largitorem continere debet: Acaptare benevolentiam apud largitorem; 2. Quod petitio sit utilis honesta et necessaria; 3.
Quod sit brevis et generosa. Et ista tria continet sancta Oratio Dominica … ; De peccato originali ff. The remainder of the manuscripts contains some extracts of the Koran, papal bulls on the blood of Christ, Johan Climacus etc ff. Dialogus contra Fraticellos de Opinione: Lasic, De Vita et Operibus , ff, , Lasic, De Vita et Operibus , [mentions thirteen manuscripts with sermon collections that do not constitute full Sunday and Quaresimal cycles. These seem to be autograph manuscripts containing varies series of sermon skeletons written down by Giacomo in the course of his preaching career between the late s and the s.
Giacomo used many sermons from these manuscripts to construct his final Quadragesimale and Dominicale. Bernardino ], as well as S. Iacobus de Marchia, Sermones Dominicales , ed. Sermo Domenicalis de Extremo Iudicio: Lasic, De Vita et Operibus , , , Check also De Sanguine Christi: Lasic, De Vita et Operibus , , De Confessione In Latin and in the Italian vernacular: See the eleventh sermon in the Quadragesimale, which circulated widely on its own as well and was edited repeatedly.
Lasic, De Vita et Operibus , Lasic, De Vita et Operibus , , , , Nicolai de Auximo Supplementum Summae Pisanellae: Mariae Gratiarum iuxta Montem Brandonum: Lasic, De Vita et Operibus , Jacobu de Marchia SS. Josephum Defendendas susceperunt VV. See also the editions below. Renato Lioi, 4 Vols. I and MS Monteprandone 38 as point of departure, contains 99 sermons: Dominica prima de adventu: De iudicio I, ; 2.
De signis adventus antechristi I, ; 3. De iudicio I, ; 4. De vanitate mulierum I, ; 5. De baptismo I, ; 6. De modestia I, ; 7. De ruina superborum I, ; 8. In eadem; De iudicio et consummatione seculi I, ; 9. Dominica infra octavam nativitatis: De sancta virginitate I, ; De ludo I, ; Dominica infra octavam Epyphanie: De honore parentum I, ; De reverentia et honore parentum I, ; Dominica 2 post Epiphanyam: De matrimonio I, ; De nuptiis I, ;Dominica 2a post Ephipaniam: In eadem dominica; De confessione I, ; Dominica 3 post Epyphaniam: De luxuria I, ; De furto et restitutione utilissima I, ; Dominica 4 post Epyphaniam: De blasfemia I, ; De sanctissima pace et unitate I, ; De perseverantia ; De predestinatione I, ; De verbo Dei I, ; De temptatione I, ; Dominica Le; De sacramento confessionis I, ; De passione I, ; De sortilegiis I, ; In eadem dominica XLe: De influentiis constellationum I, ; De sodomia I, ; De partialitate II, ; De usuris II, ; Dominica 4 in XLa: De vero Missia II, ; De adventu Missie II, ; De Missa II, ; De fide II, ; De glorioso nomine Yhesu II, ; De resurrectione II, ; Dominica prima post Pasca: De sacratissimo nomine Yhesu II, ; De fide catholica II, ; Dominica 2 post Pasca: De iniquitate peccati mortalis II, ; Dominica 3a post pasca: De sancta obedientia II, ; De excellentia et utilitate sacre religionis II, ; Dominica 4a post Pasca: De magnifica virtute verbi Dei II, ; De impedimentis illorum qui non possunt credere veritati II, ; Dominica 5a post Pasca: De magnificentia gloriosi nominis Yhesu II, ; De septem petitionibus et oratione dominica II, ; Dominica in octava Ascensionis: De horrendo peccato homicidii II, ; De sancto martirio II, ; Dominica prima post Pentecosten: Sermo de inefficabili misericordia Dei II, De perfecta dilectione proximi super epystolam II, ; De excellentia elimosine et eius merito: Dominica 2a post Pentecosten II, ; De mercantia et contractibus super evangelium II, ; De honorificentia et benevolentia angelorum II, ; De similitudine et beneficiis anime II, ; De mirabilibus significationibus navis II, ; De miseria humana II, ; Dominica 5 II, ; De honorificentia pacis et indulgentie II, ; De iniquitate peccati mortalis II, ; De elimosina et eius excellentiis II, ; De orribilitate mortis peccatoris II, ; De voluntate Dei II, ; De immortalitate anime II, ; De reddenda ratione bombardarum II, ; De factuchiariis II, ; De signis exterminii II, ; De sancta humilitate et virtutibus eius II, ; De superbia et eius cecitate: Dominica X III, ; De Actila flagellum III, ; De gratia et eius virtute III, ; De fide christiana et eius veritate III, ; De amore divino et eius signis III, ; De sacramento sancte confessionis III, ; De clavibus III, ; De mirabili regno Dei III, ; De magnificentia et utilitate universalis iustitie III, ; De inani gloria et eius vitio III, ; De doctrina puerorum III, ; De celebratione et honore diei dominice III, ; De matrimonio et eius reverentia et virtute III, ; De iniustitia querela conquerentium de bonis fortune III, ; De vera spe et eius dulcedine: De detractione et eius iniquitate III, ; De indulgentia et remissione peccatorum III, ; De honorificentia et virtute sacre comunionis III, ; De orribilitate inferni et eius penis III, ; De voto et eius obligatione: Dominica 21  III, ; De pace et remissione iniuriarum: De periuro et eius malignitate: Dominica 20  III, ; De mirabili virtute humilitatis III, ; Dominica 22 post Pentecosten: De immortalitate anima III, ; De septem vitiis III, ; De fide III, ; De antechristo III, ; De signis adventus antechristi III, In addition, we find in an appendix to volume III a Sermo de malignitate peccati mortalis: Dominica eadem III, ; a sermo de mirabili virtute patientie dominica 17, III, ; and a Sermo de mirabili gloria et beneficio angelorum erga homines: For purposes of basic religious instruction, we might single out several sermons, namely sermon 25 for Dominica Le: In fact II, Et hoc ex multis de causis.
Primo, ut ab omnibus sciatur; secundo, ut melius memoretur; tertio, ut frequenter dicatur; quarto, ut orans tedio non afficiatur; quinto, ut nemo de eius ignorantia excusetur; sexto, ut Dominus cito exaudire ostendatur; septimo, ut magis corde quam ore legi debeatur. De doctrina puerorum [dealing in seven articles with: The first article urges III, Secundo, assuefacere eos ad minus in septennio et ante et post ad confessionem et ecclesiarum visitationem, ut devotos et reverentes circa spiritualia se habeant.
Jacobi de Marchia de Excellentia Ordinis S. Francisci ex codice autographo , ed. Pacetti, AFH 36 , ; ed. Predica sulla bestemmia , ed. Sermo Secretus ad Clerum , ed. Pacetti, Collectanea Franciscana 11 , [In this sermon, held in the context of his function of examinator of the clergy, Giaccomo complains that he has found sermonists and clerics who were ignorant and did not know the Ten Commandments and the articles of faith.. Studi sulla predicazione medievale , ed. Olschki Editore, , Dialogus Contra Fraticellos, ed.
Also edited by E. Baluze in Idem, Miscellanea , ed. Mansi Lucca, II, Preface edited in L. La Confessione del B. Alexander de Bindonis, Regola per ben confessarsi. Massi, Regola per ben confessarsi di S. Giacomo della Marca , Unpublished Diss. Iacobi de Marchia an. For other letters, see: Giacomo alla Compagnia di S. See also the interpretatory corrections of M. Edited on the basis of ms BAV Vat. La vita di S. Giacomo della Marca per fra Venanzio da Fabriano , ed.
Marino Sgattoni Zara, ; La vita di S. Giacomo della Marca secondo gli antichi codici di Fr. Venanzio da Fabriano , ed. Umberto Picciafuoco Monteprandone, See on this vita also: Giacomo della Marca scritta da Fr. Venanzio da Fabriano O. For other vitae , see L. Crivellucci, I codici della libreria raccolta da S. Giacomo della Marca nel Convento di S. Giacomo della Marca pubblicati in occasione del Il Centenario della sua canonizzazione , 2 Vols.
Ascoli Piceno-Offida, ; G. Caselli, Alcuni codici di S. Bernardino recitato a Padova nel da S. Girolamo in Perugia fondata da S. La Nova, Naples, , ; Cenci, Napoli! Giacomo della Marca', Picenum Seraphicum 10 , ; D. Lasic, De vita et operibus S. Giacomo della Marca , due opuscoli Naples, ; S. Giacomo della Marca taumaturgo del regno di Napoli Naples, ; U.
Picciafuoco, Giacomo de Marchia Uomo di cultura-apostolo-operatore social-taumaturgo del sec. Picciafuoco, La vita di S. Giacomo della Marca secondo gli antichi codici di fr. Bernardino da Siena in due sermoni di S. Giacomo della Marca Naples, [extract from Studi e ricerche francescane 9 , ]; A. Atti del Convegno internazionale distudi. Monteprandone, settembre , ed. Aspetti teologico-pastorali della predicazione francescana del sec. Bracci Milan, [cf. Studi in onore di Girolamo Arnaldi , ed.
Media et Orientalis Europa, 2 Rome: Uomo di cultura — Apostolo — Operatore sociale — taumaturgo del sec. Miscellanea di studi in onore di P. Crociata, martirio e predicazione nel Mediterraneo Orientale secc. Atti del Convegno Internazionale di studi Monteprandone, novembre , ed.
Commune di Monteprandone - Tavarnuzze FI: Lo Studium del Convento del Monte e la cultura dell'Osservanza francescana. Atti del Convegno Internazionale di studi Monteripido, 5 novembre , ed. Itinerari archivistici per una ricostruzione biografica', ; Paolo Evangelisti, ''Quis enim conservat civitatem, status et regimina?
San Giacomo della Marca a Napoli Osservanza francescana e cultura tra Quattrocento e primo Cinquecento: Italia e Ungheria a confronto. Atti del Convegno Macerata-Sarnano, november , ed. L'autografia dei santi francescani dell'Osservanza del Quattrocento', in: Elementa ad librorum studia pertinentia, 37 Turnhout: The Pastoral Uses of a Biblical Narrative ca. Una sinossi con Giovanni da Capestrano per un progetto di edizione', in: Fast of the Body, Banquet of the Soul , ed.
Nerbini, , Professor at the University of Zamora. Known for his Arte mistica , an introduction into mystical theology. Not sure whether the author should be identified with the Jacobus Mediolanensis who was lector at Milan in the late thirteenth century, as is claimed in De Conformitate AF IV, The most recent literature tend to negate this identification. Our Jacob is the author of the famous Stimulus Amoris the oldest shorter version of which has survived in more than 90 mss, whereas a later longer redaction would have survived in more than mss , centered on the love for and imitation of Christ, adoration of the Virgin, and the contemplation and union with God.
The work, which stands in a Bonaventurean tradition, was predominantly meant for literate lay people and female religious, as a kind of spiritual vade mecum. The oldest short version contains 23 chapters. Chapters describe the necessary predisposition of body and soul to enable meditative progress and to please God. Chapters number the necessities of the contemplative soul esp. Chapters give additional details on the means to arrive at perfection. The Stimulus Amoris used to be ascribed to Henri of Beaume d.
The work was lenghtened, reworked and translated several times, a. Historia y leyendas en torno a esta antifona Rome, , passim also attributes to Jacob a Meditatio in Salve Regina , usually ascribed to St. Bernard, but repeatedly found after the Stimulus Amoris in the manuscripts. In addition, Ruh mentions an additional abbreviations and abstracts. Ruh, Bonaventura Deutsch , ; K. Caral, Franciscan Studies 26 , Bonaventura, Opera Omnia, 10 Quaracchi, , reprint in: Peltier, XII Paris, , [the long redaction]. One of the medieval Tuscan translations has been partly edited in I mistici del Duecento e del Trecento , ed.
Levasti Milan, , A medieval English translation with comments by Walter Hilton d. An unpublished translation of the Stimulus Amoris London, An Italian translation by Chiara Giovanna Cremaschi is found in: For old editions of several vernacular versions, see also Gesamtkatalog der Wiegendrucke IV, nos. Peltier, XII Paris, , According to Bonelli, this extract was compiled by Jacob of Milan. Table of Mystic riters: Editions before New York: Jacobus de Mediolano lector: Meier Berlin-NY, , ; F.
Neapolitan friar of Irish origin. Renowned musician, and prolific musical and catechetical author. Giacomo Melisio da Ponta Hibernese Naples, Taught there in General vicar of the order in , minister general in Pergamo, AFH 27 , Entered the Observant branch in , to pass to the Capuchins of the Bari province in Died at the Mesagna convent of Brindisi in During his lifetime, Giacomo published several works that, in the form of a dialogue, deal with major issues of moral and doctrinal theology, and apparently were first and foremost aimed at the conversion of Jews.
Many issues are dealt with in the form of a dialogue between David and Salomon. Apparently, the New Testament, the church fathers, and other christian theologians are not mentioned by name. It has been suggested that the work therefore might have been first and foremost directed at Jews. Giacomo Biancolini-Pancotto, Opus de S.