Physical punishment and mental disorders: Durrant J, Ensom R. Physical punishment of children: Spanking and child outcomes: Effective discipline for children. Guidance for effective discipline [published correction appears in Pediatrics. This content is owned by the AAFP. A person viewing it online may make one printout of the material and may use that printout only for his or her personal, non-commercial reference.
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May 15, Issue. No relevant financial affiliations. B 10 Monitoring child behavior problems and providing parents with general guidelines on parenting and child behavior management strategies appropriate to the child's age can decrease the likelihood of the child developing further behavior and emotional problems. C 13 Effective parent training models share common principles that engage parents as partners with physicians in assessing and managing behavior problems.
C 16 , 22 Parents should be discouraged from using corporal or physical punishment because of its negative impact on a child's behavior and mental health. Read the full article. Get immediate access, anytime, anywhere.
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To see the full article, log in or purchase access. References show all references 1. More in Pubmed Citation Related Articles. Email Alerts Don't miss a single issue. Sign up for the free AFP email table of contents. Continue reading from May 15, Previous: See My Options close Already a member or subscriber? Immediate access to this article. The searches included meta-analyses, clinical trials, randomized controlled trials, reviews, and clinical practice guidelines. We also searched the National Institute of Mental Health, Essential Evidence Plus, Cochrane, and the National Guideline Clearinghouse databases using the key term stress disorder alone and in combination with post-traumatic and traumatic.
Original search dates were March 18, , and April 1, , with periodic updates; the last search date was September 9, Already a member or subscriber?
Address correspondence to Michael G. Reprints are not available from the authors. Australian guidelines for the treatment of adults with acute stress disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. Posttraumatic stress disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey.
Brief Mental Health Interventions for the Family Physician EdD. Departments of Family Medicine and Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Family Physicians need to be expert and active providers of mental health care. Their rapport with patients and accessibility enable them to control minor mental .
Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in the community: Acute stress disorder in victims of robbery and victims of assault. Prevalence and predictors of acute stress disorder and PTSD following road traffic accidents: Trauma and stress response among Hurricane Katrina evacuees. Am J Public Health. Acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents involved in assaults or motor vehicle accidents. A review of acute stress disorder in DSM Department of Veterans Affairs, U. Accessed June 30, Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health.
Australian guidelines for the treatment of adults with acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder. Terrorism, acute stress, and cardiovascular health: Rothbaum B, Foa E. Subtypes of posttraumatic stress disorder and duration of symptoms. American Psychiatric Press; Predicting posttraumatic stress symptoms from pretraumatic risk factors: Predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder following cancer. Early predictors of chronic post-traumatic stress disorder in assault survivors. Predictive factors for acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder after motor vehicle accidents.
Does early psychological intervention promote recovery from posttraumatic stress?
The person has been exposed to a traumatic event in which both of the following were present:. J Appl Behav Anal. Physicians should refer patients who have prolonged reactions that cause distress or affect interpersonal relationships and daily functioning. Spanking and child outcomes: Seven to 28 percent of trauma victims experience ASD and subsyndromal ASD typically not including the dissociative criteria.
Psychol Sci Public Interest. Assessing acute stress disorder: Acute Stress Disorder Scale: Guideline watch March Accessed September 2, Bryant RA, Litz B. Mental health treatments in the wake of disaster. Mental Health and Disasters. Cambridge University Press; The additive benefit of hypnosis and cognitive-behavioral therapy in treating acute stress disorder.
J Consult Clin Psychol. Hypnotherapy and cognitive behaviour therapy of acute stress disorder: Treatment of acute stress disorder: Treating acute stress disorder: Cognitive behaviour therapy of acute stress disorder: Five essential elements of immediate and mid-term mass trauma intervention: Critical Incident Stress Debriefing: Early treatment of acute stress disorder in children with major burn injury. Pediatr Crit Care Med. Treating thermally injured children suffering symptoms of acute stress with imipramine and fluoxetine: Effect of post-retrieval propranolol on psychophysiologic responding during subsequent script-driven traumatic imagery in post-traumatic stress disorder.
Immediate treatment with propranolol decreases posttraumatic stress disorder two months after trauma [published correction appears in Biol Psychiatry. Propranolol does not reduce risk for acute stress disorder in pediatric burn trauma. The effectiveness of risperidone on acute stress symptoms in adult burn patients: J Burn Care Rehabil.
This content is owned by the AAFP.
A person viewing it online may make one printout of the material and may use that printout only for his or her personal, non-commercial reference. This material may not otherwise be downloaded, copied, printed, stored, transmitted or reproduced in any medium, whether now known or later invented, except as authorized in writing by the AAFP. Want to use this article elsewhere? A Guide to Diagnosis and Management. Oct 1, Issue. C 1 , 20 , 24 Cognitive behavior therapy is the most effective intervention in persons with acute stress disorder.
A 1 , 11 , 20 , 28 — 33 Patients with acute stress should not routinely be provided with Critical Incident Stress Debriefing. C 1 , 20 Medication should not routinely be used in patients with acute stress disorder. The person has been exposed to a traumatic event in which both of the following were present: The person experienced, witnessed, or was confronted with an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others 2.
Either while experiencing or after experiencing the distressing event, the individual has three or more of the following dissociative symptoms: A subjective sense of numbing, detachment, or absence of emotional responsiveness 2. Because of obstacles to referring patients to mental health specialists, many family physicians independently provide outpatient mental health treatment such as brief office counseling.
Questions exist regarding physicians' interest in, perceived competence with, and their actual practice of brief office counseling in family medicine. Physicians regularly evaluate, diagnose, and treat patients with mild to moderate mental health disorders. Physicians prefer to evaluate patients themselves but refer patients who require counseling to specialists. However, physicians often provide brief office counseling themselves.