ogenideb.tk/4412.php Would you like to tell us about a lower price? Nutter, she feels sad because he will never walk through the door and rock in his rocking chair. She wonders if she should forget the past? This picture book is a heart-warming tale that helps children learn to resolve real life problems.
The style is comical and lyrical at the same time. The kids will love it. Whenever we engage children's sympathy and love for their elder's we help renew their spirit. Read more Read less. English Similar books to Mrs. Nutter's Adventures Book 1. The church regularly sent seasoned guides there to act as wagon train masters once a sufficient number of travelers had arrived.
Unfortunately for the Nutters and the Stanworths, their wagon master would be John E. Smith -- a "profane man and a drunkard", Dinah would later recall. John Smith claimed he was a Mormon "elder" and possibly, this was true. He was one of the many sons of Hyrum Smith, who would later become president of the Mormon Church.
Smith's job while in Florence was to assist the pioneers in preparing for the grueling 1, mile trek to Salt Lake City, a journey he had made many times. Additionally, he supervised and organized the assembly of the wagon train. He was also the "spiritual leader" for those Mormons traveling with him, an ironic function considering his behavior after the journey began. That behavior, incidentally, does not seem to have been mitigated by the fact that one of his sisters and her family accompanied this group.
William Nutter and his brother-in-law, Samuel Stanworth, each purchased a wagon, a yoke of oxen and food sufficient for the entire journey -- mostly sacks of rice. The wagons were not the huge Conestoga type -- most were large carts with bows of wood covered by canvas about a foot taller than the tallest man in the train. Those who purchased wagons were asked to share them with people of lesser resources. Some of their personal belongings were loaded onto handcarts, to be retrieved once they arrived in Salt Lake City.
This handcart train went on ahead of the wagon train as it moved faster. Seventy-five wagons set out from Florence within a few days of Dinah's 26th birthday, early in June, Oxen usually pulled the wagons but there were other cattle, mostly cows, which walked the trail with the group. There were a few horses, mostly ridden by scouts and guides. The trail to Salt Lake City was a well-marked corridor which had been continually used and improved for more than 15 years by tens of thousands of the Mormon faithful. However, the "Mormon Trail" had actually been pieced together from older territorial and Indian trails ie.
These trails had been blazed years before by trappers and traders. William and Dinah began their thousand mile walk across the gently rolling land west of Omaha while the two children, four-year-old John and William who would have his first birthday during the first week of the trek , rode in the wagon. On the first day, Dinah realized that little Will could not be trusted to stay put in the wagon as he was just starting to walk. From that point onward, each day, Dinah would have to tie him in the wagon without enough slack in the line to allow the child to reach the sides of the wagon.
The wagon train covered 10 to 15 miles per day, dependant on the terrain and the weather. At that pace, they could look forward to a journey of about three months -- if all went well. About five days west of Florence and Omaha, the land flattened out. Each morning, the faithful could rise and look to the western horizon and know that their expected destination that day lay just beyond. While the wagon train plodded along, scouts would ride out miles ahead to insure there was no trouble in the train's path.
Mainly, they were concerned about Indians, but the natives tended to stay south of the Platt River. The scouts also looked for buffalo herds, as they sometimes stampeded. On occasion, the scouts would shoot a buffalo or two for food when the train caught up to the kill site. The scouts also looked for fresh water and could report back if dangerous weather lay ahead. It seems this train was destined not to suffer any interference from any of these troubles. This train's troubles were traveling with it. Around 4 July, , Edward and Sarah Oliver, with their seven children, a daughter-in-law and grandchild, suffered a setback when the axle on their wagon broke.
They left the train for repair of the wagon at Wood River Center. They were supposed to rejoin the wagon train some time later and when they didn't, the Nutters wondered what became of them. They would find out some time later. As the Nutters continued their walk across the Great Plains, William and Dinah passed the time talking with others on the train. William knew he would need to learn all he could about farming, which would likely be his livelihood in Utah. As he had never farmed, he had a lot to learn and he aggressively did so. Dinah had a similar mission.
She had run a household and been a mother in cities, towns and villages where goods and services were fairly accessible. But as the wife of a farmer on the prairie, she would need broader expertise. Also, as they walked, William began teaching Dinah the alphabet and elementary arithmetic by drawing letters and figures on the side of the wagon. Wagon master John E. Smith began to display his worst attributes soon after the trek westward began. All along the Mormon Trail were supply depots and stores set up by enterprising settlers to serve those that might be passing.
Though the primary customers were Mormon, there were enough "gentiles" passing through that these stores almost always carried a substantial supply of liquor. Smith may have observed the Mormon custom of temperance while in Salt Lake City, but while out on the trail, he is reported to have regularly drunk to excess.
Smith's drinking was certainly problematic. If he drank before they were to break camp for the day, they would lay over another night on some pretense or another. On at least one occasion, they broke camp finally in the middle of the day and Smith informed those in the train that they would travel all night to make up for lost time. This was a major hardship for those traveling. Many nightly chores had to be done "on the fly": It was inconvenient -- no one suspected it would be dangerous.
As the train crept along under the starry night, one teamster in a wagon lit his pipe. The sudden flash spooked some of the cattle, which began a stampede. Yoked oxen began running with the free cattle across the prairie, dragging wagons along with them, some on their sides. Though it was all over with in less than two minutes, the train had to stop for the night, take stock and assess the damage. Dinah Nutter had just finished milking a cow.
The pail had been knocked out of her hand and trampled into a shapeless mass. Had she been a few feet to the left or right, it is unlikely she would have lived. Smith paced the length of the wagon train, cursing and swearing. Along the way, John E. Smith also conducted regular services for the faithful.
Several weeks after the stampede incident, he summoned everyone to a service where attendance was mandatory. Smith explained to the assembled group that he was a Mormon elder. He also explained he could issue a curse and was about to do so. He further explained that a knife, a very expensive knife, had been stolen from him, and that his curse would come down on whomever had stolen it. Almost immediately a Welshman came forward with the knife in question claiming he had "found" it.
Smith didn't adequately counsel the travelers en route about areas where the water was too alkaline both for both humans and cattle. As a result, several of the children and many of the cattle sickened and died. Also, an epidemic of whooping cough swept through the wagon train. Scores of infants sickened, among them little Will Nutter and the Stanworth's daughter, Ann Elizabeth. On 10 August, , Ann Elizabeth died, one of twelve little ones who succumbed en route.
Years later, John Nutter would recall being awakened before sunrise to say good-bye to his little cousin. She was laid out in a little cracker box, much too small for a comfortable bed, and was buried by the trail. Luckily, little Will Nutter survived. Dinah recalled that one family, quite wealthy and well-outfitted, had three children and three yoke of oxen.
They lost all three of their children and all three yoke of oxen along the route. Finally, as they passed over the "great divide", the wife died and was buried next to the trail. There were many desperate periods for those on the wagon train. Dinah would later recount that she was genuinely fearful of her fellow travelers when some ran short of provisions and fresh water. Ironically, two major dangers they had feared -- Indians and buffalo stampedes -- never materialized as a concern for this particular train.
For most of the journey, the pioneers kept to the north side of the Platte River even after they had completely crossed Nebraska and entered what is now the state of Wyoming. At the town of Casper, they crossed the Platte and headed southwest. Many on the wagon train were surprised, and somewhat put out, that there was no formal greeting for the "faithful", who had suffered such hardship just to get themselves and their loved ones to this Promised Land.
William and Dinah had arrived after the small grain harvest but found work during the potato and vegetable harvest. They had been told that a wagon and a yoke of oxen were very desirable commodities in Salt Lake City and that indeed seems to have been the case. They were able to trade those items for ten acres of rather sandy land some miles outside Salt Lake City in the Sessions Settlement, now the city of Bountiful.
On the ten acres was a small house built from coby sun-dried brick. After the harvests, William found other work during the winter. Often, wages were paid in produce, but William occasionally brought in some real money. Wood for fuel to heat the small home and to cook with was not readily available. It had to be hauled from the mountains more than five miles away. William and Dinah believed they had been misled as to the quality of life they would enjoy in the "Promised Land".
The first winter was very difficult and meager for them. Food was about the only thing which seemed plentiful. Household supplies, furniture, tools, etc. Any products produced outside Utah were horrendously expensive. Even though William was just a beginner when it came to farming, he realized that his ten acres of sandy land was unlikely to yield anything more than subsistence-level living.
He looked to the Mormon religion for hope but was disappointed. The religion actually expected service from him and financial contributions.
He was beginning to feel uneasy about the Latter Day Saints in general. William and Dinah were comfortable with the Mormon doctrine of polygamy in theory. They understood it was an option some may choose. They were disgusted, however, when they saw the reality of it in Salt Lake City -- or at least the reality of how it was practiced. On occasion, they would observe wagon trains coming in from the east. They were appalled to see married men of meager circumstances waiting to survey the wagons for teenage girls as prospective brides.
They claimed that they had seen girls as young as thirteen separated from their families to become the plural wives of much older Mormon elders. One day, they saw a face they recognized. Edward Oliver, the patriarch of the family who had dropped out of sight trying to get a broken axle fixed on his wagon at Wood River Junction back in Nebraska, showed up with his family's young nurse who had traveled with them from England. When the Nutters inquired where Edward's wife, Sarah was, Mr. Oliver explained she had remained behind in Nebraska with their children.
As the Olivers were friends, both William and Dinah were appalled at this turn of events. How could Edward Oliver simply abandon his family and take on a plural wife? Eventually, Edward Oliver fathered seven children with the plural wife, prospered and remained at the Sessions Settlement until his death in William and Dinah had a daughter born at the Sessions Settlement on 14 July, They called the daughter Ellen after one of William Nutter's sisters. Later biographies of the Nutters would refer to this child as "Helen".
Again, this is an error due to speakers of the Lancashire dialect who routinely drop the initial "H" of a word only to add "H" to words beginning with vowels. William's sister, Nancy Stanworth, adapted better to Mormonism. Just ten days after little Ellen was born, Nancy gave birth to her second child, Ambrose Nutter Stanworth. The Stanworths flourished and had six more children of whom five reached adulthood. Regardless of how differently the Stanworths viewed Mormonism, they remained in contact with William and Dinah for the rest of their lives.
News that the "war between the states" had begun in the east began to arrive in Utah. The Civil War delighted the Mormon elders. After all, Brigham Young had prophesied that the "gentiles" in the east would destroy each other. There was also the added benefit to the Mormons that discontented converts would be disinclined to leave the west and travel through the "war ravaged" United States.
Early in , the Nutters' disenchantment with their religion reached a crescendo. They decided that they no longer wished to be Mormon and they no longer desired to live among the Mormons. They decided to leave Salt Lake City and head eastward. Certainly, the practical application of polygamy had disturbed them. The attitude of the Mormons toward the "gentiles" and the American Civil War had appalled them. The numerous broken promises about their living conditions and circumstances in Utah disappointed them.
Yet, there had to be more. Both William and Dinah eschewed the practice of any religion for most of the rest of their days, and they passed on that attitude to most of their children. Just in case anyone was unclear about this attitude, William Nutter displayed a plaque in his home in his later years which read simply "I defy Jesus Christ! One of his granddaughters, Jean Nutter Nelson, would later observe, "It must have been quite a conversation piece". It certainly demonstrated a degree of embitterment that seemed to have grown out of something more than simply a gradual disenchantment with the religion.
It is far more likely that there was a specific incident or circumstance which piqued William Nutter's legendary temper. In fact, their son John was completely unaware of why his older brother was named Moroni. It wasn't until, as Sheriff of Buffalo County in the s, he escorted a prisoner to Salt Lake City and saw a statue of the angel, Moroni, that their son John realized the derivation of the name. In light of such a complete silence on the subject, it is unlikely William and Dinah discussed the specific incident or circumstance, if there was one, with anyone.
Yet Dinah Nutter gave some indication of the proverbial "straw that broke the camel's back" in her interview with historian Samuel Bassett circa She alluded to the Mormon Endowment House, carefully distinguishing between those who had passed through it and those who had not.
She also spoke of the "fearful oath". The Endowment House was the holiest of Mormon places in those days, long before the Mormon Tabernacle had been built. Passing through the Endowment House was an elaborate, highly stylized ceremony which marked the next step in the process of becoming a full-fledged member of the Mormon religion. Among other steps, the faithful were first cleansed and anointed, then witnessed re-enactments of certain biblical events. Then, they overheard discussions between God the Father and God the Son, et al, before they finally took the "fearful oath".
Late in the Nineteenth Century, many ex-Mormons wrote accounts of their experience with the religion. The essence of the "fearful oath" exemplified for them the defining moment when the Mormon Church finally asked too much of them as individuals. The oath asked for complete obedience to the church hierarchy without question. The oath also asked them to embrace Mormon doctrine actively. No longer would they be allowed to pick and choose what doctrines best suited their life-styles.
Instead, they were expected to actively embrace all facets of the religion. Many of these ex-Mormons saw this process as an abrogation of their individuality, an enslavement of sorts. Those who knew William Nutter in his later years were not surprised that he would be disinclined to take an unnecessary oath, especially one that would deny his autonomy as an individual and require his obedience to a group of individuals for whom he had lost respect. Yet, since people anxiously waited years to go through Endowment House, William Nutter's refusal to do so would stick out like a sore thumb and seriously compromise his ability to thrive in the tightly knit Mormon community.
It was an incredibly courageous act to leave Salt Lake City. Since they had not gone through the Endowment House, they were not subject to retribution by the "Avenging Angels" a murderous band of Mormon thugs officially called the "Danites". However, as soon as they announced their intention to leave, each would be regarded as a "persona non-grata". They would have a long and, this time, unguided, journey eastward to an undetermined destination.
For increased safety, William and Dinah arranged to travel with two other families one named Morgan. However, another fellow traveler, a certain Mrs. Allen traveling alone, would seriously endanger the party. Allen's husband, had recently taken a sixteen-year-old plural wife. This had so infuriated the first Mrs. Allen that she wanted to leave her husband, leave their religion and leave Utah.
Allen wished to do whatever he could to facilitate her safe departure. There was one major problem: Allen had gone through the Endowment House and was likely to be followed by the Danites. She and those who assisted her in her escape were in danger of their murderous retribution. Allen arranged for William Nutter to trade his homestead for two yoke of oxen and a wagon, but no cow. For some reason, Dinah traded the hand loom her sister-in-law had brought to her from England for a gold watch.
Allen also agreed to give William Nutter three sacks of flour and a musket to ensure the safe passage of his wife. They travelled ten miles east to a storage depot on the Hastings Cutoff where they met J. Allen, his wife and picked up the three sacks of flour. Allen had brought his wife to the depot without shoes. Allen also said he had secured a cow for the Nutters but had to leave it back in Salt Lake City.
William Nutter declined to return for it. On the second night of their journey, a group of Danites caught up with the party. They inquired as to the whereabouts of Mrs. Dinah told them that the wagon axle had broken and that Mrs. Allen had panicked and traveled on ahead with another group. The Danites then left in pursuit of that group. Allen was hiding in the thicket a short distance away and within earshot of the entire exchange. For several days, Mrs.
Allen hid in nearby thicket each night to ensure her safety. Dinah would bring her meals to the thicket in the darkness and reassure her that she was safe. Instead of going east by way of Casper, Wyoming, the party took a more direct route eastward toward Fort Laramie. Along the way, they met a westward wagon train. The train had stopped to bury two men and a woman from their party who had been killed by Indians. The incident very much worried the travelers. The three souls being buried had stopped at a trading post near Fort Laramie where some Indians had attempted to negotiate a trade with them for some of the horses.
Failing that, it appears the Indians followed them, murdered them and stole the horses before they could rejoin the main wagon train. At Fort Laramie, Mrs. Allen finally traded a ring to get a pair of shoes. It's probable that the soldiers at Fort Laramie had recommended this route as a safer passage through Indian Territory. They were going to cross over the river once more at Julesburg but encountered Indians who threatened them if they did so. Therefore, they followed along the south side of the South Platte until it joined with the Platte. They didn't cross to the north side until they were about a mile west of Fort Kearny in the fall of Years later, when Dinah was asked if they had any trouble crossing the Platte, she replied, "Not at all.
Nutter walked on the near side, driving the oxen; Mrs. Allen and myself waded in the river on the off side with whips to keep the oxen from turning back. The water was not deep except in the main channel where it nearly came up to the wagon box". Yes indeed -- no trouble at all. While researching this book, the author had occasion to interview, mostly by phone, scores of descendants of William and Dinah Nutter across North America. For the most part, these interviews were conducted to get information about William and Dinah's children and their families.
He was very helpful in supplying information about Ione's family and was delighted to help. The conversation took a serious turn when the author remarked off-handedly that the longevity in his family boded well for him. Jack explained that he had prostate cancer which had metastasized to his bones and that he probably wouldn't be alive much longer. Because Jack had indicated profound interest in this project and because of his circumstances, he was sent a very raw unedited copy of the story of William and Dinah Nutter soon after the telephone conversation.
After enduring some catastrophic side effects from his chemotherapy over the months that followed, Jack sent a response in a three-page typewritten letter from his hospital bed, excerpts of which follow herewith:. There is a story that Ione daughter of Dinah Apparently, William was a highly skilled man because he worked his way up into the Church Hierarchy quite quickly.
The day came when he was asked to join the inner sanctum of the church and become one of the elders. Apparently that was ok with him but then he was instructed to perform an initiation rite that made him furious. According to the story, the inner elite group of Mormons were making a practice of raiding the wagon trains heading west, killing everyone so that there were no witnesses, stealing all the possessions worth taking, and then strewing evidence around to blame it on the Indians.
When William heard this, he was outraged and stomped out of the church. However, he didn't just go straight home; he sneaked around to an open back window of the chapel and listened to what transpired next. Sure enough, the elders decided that they couldn't let him get away with a secret like that under his belt so they plotted to assassinate him.
He then went home and hatched a plan. It must have been the fall of the year when everyone was going out for their winter wood supply. Because everyone had to go so far to get their wood, it was common for families to pack up for two weeks to go to the hills and get their wood. William decided that this would be perfect cover to get himself and the family out of the house without raising the suspicions of the neighbors. So they spread the word around the neighborhood that they were heading out for the winter's wood supply off in a different direction than he actually planned to leave.
Then they packed up everything they could for the trip and left post haste. Jack noted, "This story is so outrageous in its accusations that I never knew whether to completely believe it or not until some corroborating evidence showed up I watched a documentary program on Public Television that described an archeological dig on the remains of an old wagon train somewhere in the vicinity of Salt Lake City 'Burying the Past', a special about the Mountain Meadows Massacre Site in southwestern Utah.
The train had been raided and apparently everyone in it killed. They found Indian artifacts but they concluded that they were not the kind of things that the Indians would have left behind. Furthermore, they found evidence that the Mormons had been there In one small segment of that program he documented a case where a man In the Ken Burns description of events, the Indians and the Mormons cooperated together to raid the wagon trains..
The Indians didn't mind getting the blame for it because they were trying to put fear into the westward migrating people to keep them off their land". Jack closed saying "My theory as to why this story may have never been heard outside our branch of the family is that, out of fear of word getting back to the 'Avenging Angels', Dinah never dared to breathe a word of it until that chapter of her life had passed.
Then and only then did she feel the confidence to confide the story to her daughter Ione". One of the two families traveling with them left to follow the north side of the river to Omaha and beyond. Allen said she wished to continue eastward as well. William eventually found some men in a freighting party on the Platte who agreed to transport the lady.
He made a favorable assessment of the freighting boss and extracted a gentlemen's agreement with him to protect her. She was ultimately headed to Cincinnati, Ohio, where she had friends. The Nutters watched the freight barge float away and never heard of or from Mrs. William would not have been savvy enough, when he had passed through the area two years before, to recognize that it was some of the finest farmland in the country.
More likely, they were simply interested in making contact with their friend, Sarah Holland Oliver. They had encountered her husband, Edward Oliver, in Utah after he had abandoned Sarah and their family in favor of the family's teenaged nurse whom he had taken as a plural wife. The Nutters and the Oliver family had much in common, not the least of which was an enduring disgust for the Mormon faith. Sarah Oliver's sons, actually closer to William Nutter's age, had now been through two harvests in the Wood River Valley area and told William Nutter of the success they were enjoying. If he and Dinah continued eastward past the Missouri River there was a chance they could become involved in the American civil war.
They really didn't have the resources to return to England; staying in Nebraska seemed the prudent thing to do. The only problem seemed to be difficulties with the Indians and the Olivers claimed the problem was manageable, particularly with assistance from the soldiers at nearby Fort Kearny. William Nutter traded with Solomon Richmond one of his two yokes of oxen for a farmstead and acreage about two miles east of present-day Shelton, Nebraska.
Richmond then got another piece of property in the area and years later, he married a daughter of A. Dinah traded the gold watch she had procured back in Utah for a milk cow and set up house for the family. In , the current site of Shelton was occupied by "Peck's store", two crude buildings made of cottonwood, one by feet, the other by feet.
One of these buildings was Henry Peck's residence with his wife and family.
The other was a general store of sorts, where small amounts of household necessities were available along with large amounts of Red Jack Bitters a liquor. The store served more than twenty-five families who had homesteads along this 20 mile stretch of the Wood River. Peck's store also served as a center for the community. The Nutters passed the winter of in their crude, cottonwood-log cabin. William worked cutting and hauling wood to Fort Kearny. He also worked on an occasional basis for some of his neighbors throughout the winter.
When spring came, they planted a small acreage of potatoes and other vegetables. They also planted a full eighteen acres of corn-- breaking holes in the sod with a pick-ax and dropping corn kernels in each hole. No weeds grew in the newly-broken sod, so the corn required no cultivation whatsoever. William decided he was going to build another room onto their cabin measuring about by feet. He hauled a substantial amount of the cottonwood from an area four miles south near the Platte River. He then found drier wood to the north near the bluffs about seven miles away in an area of growth that had been burned.
William and a neighbor named Charles Huyler left their families for days at a time to harvest and haul the wood back to their houses. On at least one occasion, they left on a Wednesday with three days of supplies, intending to return early Saturday evening. When they failed to return, Dinah went outside and looked to the north. Well after nightfall, she saw many small fires flickering in the area where her husband and Mr.
Huyler were supposed to be working. She suspected these fires indicated there were a number of men encamped near the bluffs, probably Indians. While Dinah stood transfixed by the points of light on the bluffs, some of her nearest neighbors, among them Jim Jackson, noticed the lights as well. Knowing Nutter and Huyler had been working out in that area, they went to the Nutter home to find out if the two men had returned.
Feeling helpless, the group looked off to the bluffs, not quite sure what to do. If they piqued the attention of the Indians, they might endanger the entire neighborhood. Everyone spoke in whispers. The neighbors made sure that none of the surrounding houses lit any lamps. They started at every little sound and expected at any moment to hear an Indian "War Whoop" break the mounting tension.
In the distance, the campfires began to die out. After midnight, the group heard some movement in the underbrush across the Wood River. The neighbors raised their guns in the direction of the noise. One of the men yelled "Halt! When asked what was going on back at the bluffs, the men explained the fires were indeed Indian campfires. Just as Nutter and Huyler had finished work, they noticed a band of Sioux had set up camp among the timber.
Nutter noticed them before they noticed him. He and Huyler dropped into a nearby creek and moved as quickly and silently as they could until they found a beaver hole partially carved out. They crawled into it and hid for several hours until they felt they could safely return home. Years later, Dinah would tell her granddaughters of two other incidents which seem likely to have occurred during this period when William was frequently gone overnight.
One night, Dinah was in bed with little Ellen when she awoke to a rustling sound outside. She rolled over to suddenly confront an Indian looking through the window at her.
Moment hero smashes window and drags elderly woman from flooded car after Storm Bronagh drenched Britain William was able to sell it for a dollar per bushel to the Holiday Stage line which operated on the south side of the Platte River. They had concentrated their efforts on Northern England, particularly Lancashire, a densely populated area that was well-known as a hotbed of "Non-Conformist" religions ie. Most considered polygamy to be an optional part of the practice of their faith. Allen said she wished to continue eastward as well.
Ellen awoke and began to cry. The Indian inquired, in Pidgin English, "Baby sick? It was a brilliant response; a smallpox epidemic had recently ravaged a nearby Sioux settlement. The Indian quickly moved on. The other incident occurred in broad daylight. Dinah was outside and some Indians approached. She gradually, cautiously, made her way back to the cabin. She then ran out toward them brandishing what appeared to be a pistol. It was, in fact, a spigot off a vinegar barrel. The important thing was that the Indians believed it was a gun and dispersed.
In the summer of , the corn on the Nutters land which was supposed to be "more than knee-high by the fourth of July", was indeed that high and then some. William worked constantly, either on the farm or cutting and hauling wood for the substantial addition he was building onto their cabin. Dinah worked on the farm that year herself a fact she seems to very deliberately highlight in those latter life interviews. Perhaps why it stuck in her memory was the fact that she was pregnant with twins.
No doubt their son John, now seven years old, looked after his brother, little Will age 4 and their sister, Ellen age 2 while the parents worked the farm. The harvest was a good one. The Nutter's acre farm yielded bushels of corn that fall. William was able to sell it for a dollar per bushel to the Holiday Stage line which operated on the south side of the Platte River. Six hundred dollars was more money than William and Dinah had ever had at one time. Dinah later recalled what was perhaps the first "non-essential" purchase in years: Since there were no shoe stores in the area, they had to be ordered from Omaha.
A freighting party brought the boots to Peck's Store with the normal delivery of other goods. William finished the by foot addition to their cabin in November, The added space was likely very welcome as Dinah had delivered twin girls on 30 October, whom they named Ione and Lyone. Anxious for another successful harvest, William and Dinah planted another considerable acreage of corn and other vegetables quite early in Dinah noted that many of the neighbors who planted later lost those crops to an infestation of grasshoppers which plagued the area late in that summer.
However, events were unfolding elsewhere that would make a grasshopper infestation pale in comparison. It actually began a couple of years before when Sioux Indians raided settlements in Minnesota and killed thousands of settlers. News of the massacres spread throughout the prairies complete with the gory details. This set the settlers and the soldiers in the heartland far more on-edge than usual; there had recently been a pervasive feeling that the military had gotten the "savages" under control. In July, , some Cheyenne Indians ambushed eleven wagons in a train and killed everyone just a little over thirty miles west of Fort Kearny.
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A few weeks later, the Cheyenne succeeded in virtually clearing the Little Blue Valley southeast of Kearney, near the Kansas state line of settlers through the horrific massacre of just one family named Eubank. The commander at Fort Kearny had long since become extremely concerned about the fort's security.
His manpower was already thinly stretched as the American Civil War was raging in the east. She chose the one that hosted stage shows and started as an usherette the next day. For the next two months, Zoe Dell went to the theater early to watch rehearsals. Here she poses for United Airlines. She continued to learn from the best like Mr. While performing in a show at the St. Francis Hotel in San Francisco, someone from Treasure Island went backstage to ask if she would be interested in promoting the Golden Gate International Exposition as its theme girl.
The job required travelling all over the country by plane to promote the Fair and air travel in general. Standard Oil was a major sponsor of the Fair. Their publicity representative, Ted Huggins, was in charge of publicity and promotion for the event. It was his idea to build Treasure Island as an international airport for the flying boats. He thought the event could also be promoted as a way to celebrate the completion of the new San Francisco bridges.
Fuller went on to attempt a series of city-to-city flight records. Her first flight as the pirate theme girl was to Seattle. The January weather was cold, especially in just her costume. After being photographed all day, Zoe Dell was cold, hungry and had just sat down to eat when her name was called. Since she had been to Seattle as a young girl, she was able to say a few words that resonated with the audience as she invited the people to the Fair and encouraged them to come by air.
Afterwards, they wired her boss to tell him what a wonderful job she had done. From then on, the job of public relations and speaking was all hers. Life magazine featured her in its Feb. Zoe Dell invited the public officials and their citizens to travel to San Francisco by commercial airlines and visit the Fair. As a pirate from Treasure Island, her theme girl role was a a sensational success.
Working closely with E. Carl Wallen, photographer for the Fair, she invented promotional ideas and photo shoots to entice the public to the Fair. He refused to be photographed with Zoe Dell in her outfit because he thought she might be part of a set-up. So Zoe Dell dawned a fur coat for her visit to his office to present him with a formal invitation to the Fair. But Corrigan successfully flew from New York to Ireland in , claiming his unauthorized flight was a navigational error.
After that, Corrigan and his airplane gathered a crowd wherever they went. He is 97 years old and lives in southern California. He captured all the events and Zoe Dell. Rosenthal and Zoe Dell worked together and became good friends. They stayed in touch for almost 70 years until his death in Zoe Dell with friend Art Linkletter after just completing the first televised closed circuit interview. Zoe Dell Lantis met her first husband, Dr. West, at the close of the Fair.
He was working part-time and was a dental school intern. After a short courtship, the two were married, and West went into private practice. This was devastating news because it meant her dance career was over, and she had wanted to join the USO and go on tour to support her country.
Now that was impossible. One of her good friends, John T. They had taken up flying, and Bucky was working toward a career in aviation. During the war, he was a transport pilot, and afterwards he became a Pan American Clipper pilot. Bucky and another aviation friend encouraged Zoe Dell to pursue flying. While her husband was waiting for his next assignment, he was transferred to Las Vegas, where they both earned their basic ratings.
He was very friendly and encouraged her to fly in a Powder Puff Derby to gain experience and credibility in the aviation community. Zoe Dell went on safari in India with her husband, Erv, and his son, Bob. The family went on many safaries together, including some trips to Africa. Seen here in India, Zoe Dell had to defend herself against a tiger that attacked from the tall grasses. Now his skills were called upon for reconstructive dentistry due to all the accidents on Slaughter Alley.
To skip the long, dangerous drive to San Francisco, Zoe Dell joined a flying club. The club was comfortable with having two women as members. She would get dressed up in furs, heels and jewelry,and would fly into the city in 45 minutes. In she and West divorced. She visited countries around the world, meeting and inviting world leaders to the Fair and, of course, promoting commercial air travel.
As Zoe Dell was travelling around the globe meeting politicians, it sparked an intense interest in politics that drives her to this day.