The St. Kitts Connection

Saint Kitts and Nevis
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Upon arrival in St. Kitts, you will be met by a fleet of taxis ready to whisk you off to your Caribbean resort. Note that taxis are not metered; fixed rates, in E. Kitts has three distinct groups of volcanic peaks: The highest peak is Mount Liamuiga, formerly Mount Misery, a dormant volcano 1, m high. The youngest volcanic center is Mt.

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Terry Downes, a young commercial banker aspiring to achieve a top management position in the banking industry, runs into problems when reporting to a. Saint Kitts and Nevis also known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis, is an island .. History (). Crossroads of Empire: The European- Caribbean Connection, Department of History, University of the West Indies.

Liamuiga, 5 km in diameter and rising to an elevation of m. Its last eruption was years ago, corresponding with the Steel Dust series of pyroclastic deposits on the western flank. The Mansion Series of pyroclastic deposits and andesite with basalt layers occur on the northern flank, along with mudflows. This volcano has a crater m wide and m deep, plus two distinct parasitic domes consisting primarily of andesite , Brimstone Hill and Sandy Point Hill which is coalesced with Farm Flat.

Brimstone Hill is noted for having limestone on its flanks, which was dragged upward with the formation of the dome 44, years ago. Liamuiga partially overlays the Middle Range to the southeast. This Middle Range is another stratovolcano m in height with a small summit crater containing a lake.

Next in line is the m South East Range, 1 Myr in age, consisting of four peaks. Ottley's dome and Monkey Hill dome are on the flanks, while the older volcanoes represented by Canada Hills, and Conaree Hills lie past the airport and Bassaterre on the southeast flank. The Salt Dome Peninsula contains the oldest volcanic deposits, 2. Kitts was originally settled by pre-agricultural, pre-ceramic "Archaic people", who migrated south down the archipelago from Florida.

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In a few hundred years they disappeared, to be replaced by the ceramic -using and agriculturalist Saladoid people around BC, who migrated to St. Kitts north up the archipelago from the banks of the Orinoco River in Venezuela. Around AD, they were replaced by the Igneri people, members of the Arawak group. Around , the Kalinago , or Carib people arrived on the islands. These war-like people quickly dispersed the Igneri, and forced them northwards to the Greater Antilles. They named Saint Kitts "Liamuiga" meaning "fertile island", and would likely have expanded further north if not for the arrival of Europeans.

A Spanish expedition under Christopher Columbus arrived and claimed the island for Spain in The first English colony was established in , followed by a French colony in The English and French briefly united to massacre the local Kalinago preempting a Kalinago plan to massacre the Europeans , [12] and then partitioned the island, with the English colonists in the middle and the French on either end.

In , a Spanish force sent to clear the islands of foreign settlement seized St. The English settlement was rebuilt following the peace between England and Spain. The island alternated repeatedly between English then British and French control during the 17th and 18th centuries, as one power took the whole island, only to have it switch hands due to treaties or military action. The island originally produced tobacco ; but it changed to sugar cane in , due to stiff competition from the colony of Virginia. The labour-intensive cultivation of sugar cane was the reason for the large-scale importation of African slaves.

The importation began almost immediately upon the arrival of Europeans to the region. The purchasing of enslaved Africans was outlawed in the British Empire by an Act of Parliament in Slavery was abolished by an Act of Parliament which became law on 1 August This emancipation was followed by four years of apprenticeship, put in place to protect the planters from losing their labour force. August the 1st is now celebrated as a public holiday and is called Emancipation Day. Kitts, Nevis , and Anguilla were all linked under one presidency, located on St.

Kitts, to the dismay of the Nevisians and Anguillans. Anguilla eventually separated out of this arrangement, in , after an armed raid on St. Sugar production continued to dominate the local economy until , when, after years of having a mono-culture, the government closed the sugar industry.


This was due to huge losses and European Union plans to greatly cut sugar prices. For purposes of governing, the island is divided into nine parishes:. Crops now cultivated include vegetables and fruits, chiefly coconuts. Light industries in Saint Kitts and Nevis produce items mainly for export from imported materials.

Products include electronic equipment, batik-dyed fabrics, and other clothing and furniture. Remittances from emigrants form an important source of foreign exchange. There is a deepwater port at Basseterre, and each island has an international airport; Robert L. Since independence in , the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis has been an independent member of the Commonwealth , with the British monarch as its head of state. An appointed governor-general represents the crown.

St Kitts and Nevis country profile - BBC News

The prime minister , who together with other ministers is a member of the cabinet, is the head of government. The monarch and the National Assembly constitute the parliament, some of whose members are appointed. The island of Nevis enjoys a certain amount of autonomy within the federal structure; it has its own premier and legislature, and the constitution provides for it to secede from the federation if certain procedures are followed.

There is universal adult suffrage.


Liamuiga, 5 km in diameter and rising to an elevation of m. In addition to arts and crafts, the five-day long celebration includes dances, music, drama, and fashion shows. Most of the beaches are of black sand , which originated from the volcano. Taxis are the best way to travel around independently. Upon arrival in St. The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here:.

Education is compulsory for all children from the age of 5 to 16, provided by a countrywide system of free public schools as well as private church-affiliated schools. There are several hospitals and many health centres throughout the islands. Tropical diseases have been virtually eliminated. Christopher Columbus visited Saint Kitts on his second voyage in and found it inhabited by Carib people.

He named it Saint Christopher for his patron saint. The name was shortened to Saint Kitts by settlers under Sir Thomas Warner , who, arriving from England in , established the first successful English colony in the West Indies at Old Road on the west coast. Divided during the 17th century between warring French and English colonists, Saint Kitts was given to Britain by the Treaty of Utrecht of April and remained in British possession despite the capture in of Brimstone Hill by the French.

Nevis was also sighted by Columbus in It was settled by the English in and soon became one of the most prosperous of the Antilles.

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Although it suffered from French and Spanish attacks in the 17th and 18th centuries, it maintained a sound economic position until the midth century. The islands of Saint Kitts, Nevis, and Anguilla were united by federal act in and became an independent state in association with the United Kingdom on February 27, The islands were granted full internal self-government, with the United Kingdom retaining responsibility for defense and foreign affairs.

After the islands had assumed the status of associated states, Anguilla complained of domination by the Saint Kitts administration. In May the Anguillans ejected the Saint Kitts police and established their own council. In July of the same year, they proclaimed their independence. After unsuccessful negotiations, the Anguilla Act of July placed Anguilla directly under British control.

On February 10, , Anguilla was granted a constitution, and its union with Saint Kitts and Nevis was formally severed in A constitutional conference was held in London in , and, in spite of disagreement over special provisions for Nevis, Saint Kitts and Nevis became independent on September 19, A referendum was held there in on the question of independence for the island, but it fell short of the two-thirds majority needed to secede. The nationalized sugar industry continued to slump and, after years of operating it at a loss, the government closed it down after the harvest.