This course explores the way in which gender and gender relations shaped and were shaped by war and genocide in 20th century Europe. The course approaches the subject from various vantage points, including economic, social and cultural history, and draws on comparisons between different regions. Topics covered will include: Sophomore standing or permission of the instructor. This course surveys the history of France in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, from the French Revolution through the European Union.
The focus in this course will be on the relationship between Paris and the provinces and how the dynamic between the seemingly all-powerful capital and its periphery, both colonial and metropolitan, played into the history of modern France. From the so-called Dark Ages to the death of Socrates, a survey of the political, social, economic, and military development of early Greece, with emphasis upon citizenship and political structure, religion and culture, and the complex relationships between Greeks and neighboring peoples.
Since pre-Columbian times, the central Andean mountain system, combining highlands, coastal and jungle areas, has been the locus of multiethnic polities. Within this highly variegated geographical and cultural-historical space, emerged the Inca Empire, the Viceroyalty of Peru - Spain's core South American colony, and the central Andean republics of Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
Taking a chronological and thematic approach, this course will examine pre-Columbian Andean societies, Inca rule, Andean transformations under Spanish colonialism, post-independence nation-state formation, state-Indian relations, reform and revolutionary movements, and neoliberal policies and the rise of new social movements and ethnic politics. This course focuses primarily on the development of popular and elite political cultures, and the nature and complexity of local, regional, and national power relations.
This course examines major themes in the history of the Caribbean from the fifteenth to the twentieth century. The first half of the course will focus on the fifteenth to the nineteenth century, exploring issues such as indigenous societies, European encounter and conquest, plantation slavery, the resistance of enslaved Africans and emancipation. The remainder of the course focuses on aspects of the cultural, economic, political and social experiences of Caribbean peoples during the twentieth century.
Major areas of inquiry include the labor rebellions of the s, decolonization, diasporic alliances, Black Power, identity construction and the politics of tourism. While the English-speaking Caribbean constitutes the main focus, references will be made to other areas such as Cuba and Haiti. Additionally, the Caribbean will be considered in a multilayered way with a view to investigating the local actors within national boundaries , the regional historical events that have rendered the region a unit of analysis and the global larger globalizing forces such as capitalism, colonialism, migration and slavery that have made the Caribbean central to world history.
Conversations regarding the history of medicine continue to undergo considerable transformation within academia and the general public. The infamous Tuskegee syphilis experiment serves as a marker in the historical consciousness regarding African Americans and the medical profession.
This course taps into this particular evolution, prompting students to broaden their gaze to explore the often delicate relationship of people of African descent within the realm of medicine and healing. Tracing the social nature of these medical interactions from the period of enslavement through the 20th century, this course examines the changing patterns of disease and illness, social responses to physical and psychological ailments, and the experimental and exploitative use of black bodies in the field of medicine.
As a history course, the focus will be extended towards the underpinnings of race and gender in the medical treatment allocated across time and space--the U. This course presents an assessment of the Cold War from the perspective of its major participants. This course will examine slavery and its abolition in the Middle East and North Africa from through the present time.
Starting from late antique practices of slavery, we will expand our discussion chronologically to cover various forms of slavery as practiced and imagined through the centuries. In addition to theoretical and moral discussions of slavery in pertinent genres of literature, we will be examining household, field, and military slavery as well as the remarkable phenomenon of slave dynasties.
We will conclude with the abolition of slavery in the 19th and 20th centuries and discuss the legacy of slavery in the contemporary Middle East. Topics of discussion will include legal and moral views on slavery, forms of male and female slavery, political, military, and economic dimensions of slavery, issues of race and gender as well as slave writings to reflect on experiences of slavery from within.
Primary sources in Turkish, Persian, and Arabic will be available for those who have an advanced knowledge in any one of them, but both primary and secondary sources will be in English. The goal is to enable students to understand slavery in the Middle East in its various forms and practices and eventually compare it to that of other regions and cultures, such as European and Atlantic slavery.
This course analyzes the developemnt of American law and the constitutional system from the Colonial era through the era of the Civil War and Reconstruction, beginning with a general theoretical background on the study of legal history. The course concludes with an analysis of the role of law in controversies around the commemoration of the Civil War era.
Although today primarily associated with oil, the Arabian peninsula was for most of its history defined by water: As home to the major holy cities of Islam and a key source of global oil, the region has played an important role in the Western European and North American imagination.
Despite being relatively sparsely populated, the peninsula hosts millions of believers each year on the annual Muslim pilgrimage and has been the site of major wars and military occupations by European, American, and other Middle Eastern countries for much of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries: Often depicted as unchanging until caught up by the influx of massive oil wealth, this region is frequently characterized as a place of contradictions: In this course, we will examine the development of the peninsula historically to understand these contradictory images.
We will investigate changes in the following arenas: This inter-disciplinary course introduces students to the history of the Black freedom struggle in St. Louis and to the complex and multiple ways historic narratives are constructed. We will explore the political, economic and cultural history of St. Louisans who challenged racial segregation in housing and work, fought white mobs in city streets, and battled the destruction of Black communities by federal urban renewal and public housing policies.
Students, working with a historian and a filmmaker, will research and make a documentary film on a piece of St. Louis' crucial contribution to the Black Freedom Struggle in America. We bring together documentary filmmaking and history research to draw attention to the multiple narratives many long-neglected of African American and urban history, and to the multiple approaches to presenting history.
This class introduces students to a broad history of 19th and 20th century Russia and the Soviet Union alongside problems of migration. In this class, students will be introduced to the historical, social, and political dimensions of migration within, to, and from the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and its successor states. We will look at the intersection of the movement of people with long-term economic, social and political transformations, but also pay attention to crucial events and phenomena of Soviet history that set large-scale migrations in motion.
Course materials will, for instance, address mass movements related to modernization and internal colonization, analyze the role of revolutionary change and warfare for forced displacement, and study the implications of geopolitical changes in the aftermath of the breakdown of the USSR for human rights discourses.
Alongside the historically grounded overview, the class explores concepts of citizenship, diaspora, nationality policy, gender specific experiences of migration, and the ethics and political economy of migration politics, thereby highlighting how current trends in Russian society are indicative of broader discourses on difference and social transformation. Beginning with an introduction to the methodological and theoretical approaches to African history, this course surveys African civilization and culture from the Neolithic age until A.
Topics include African geography and environmental history, migration and cross-cultural exchange, the development of Swahili culture, the Western Sudanese states, the trans-Atlantic slave trade and the historical roots of Apartheid. This course examines the work of three church councils that put their stamp on the Catholic Church at key moments in its history, making it what it is today. The first section is dedicated to the Fourth Lateran Council , which defined the high medieval church as an all-encompassing papal monarchy with broad powers over the lives of all Europeans, Christian and non-Christian alike.
In the second section we turn our attention to the Council of Trent , which responded to the threat posed by the Protestant Reformation by reforming the Catholic church, tightening ecclesiastical discipline, improving clerical education, and defining and defending Catholic doctrine. We conclude with a consideration of the largest church council ever, Vatican II , which reformed the liturgy and redefined the church to meet the challenges of the modern, multicultural, post-colonial world.
Satisfactory standing as a candidate for Senior Honors and permission of the thesis director. What is the connection between the appropriation of other people's resources and the obsession with sex? Why is 'race' essential to the sexual imperatives of imperialism? How has the nexus between 'race,' sexuality, and imperial entitlement reproduced itself despite the end of formal colonialism? By studying a variety of colonial documents, memoirs produced by colonized subjects, novels, films and scholarship on imperialism, we will seek to understand the history of imperialism's sexual desires, and its continuation in our world today.
A field work project under the direction of a member of the Department. Normally planned and undertaken in conjunction with an established museum or archival program, this work may also be done independently. Permission of supervising instructor and Department Chair is required. Today's newpapers, magazines, and websites are filled with images and sweeping characterizations of Islam and its adherents. Many of these messages are embedded with symbolic associations designed to provoke concern and even fear in their readers and listeners.
One reads and hears that Muslims cannot be--or refuse to be--integrated into European or American society; that Islam has no conception of democratic citizenship; that Islamic law produces anti-social behavior; indeed, that Islam poses a severe threat to Western security and values. To anyone who has studied the history of Jewish-Christian relations in the West since the Middle Ages, many of these charges will appear eerily familiar.
Each of these claims, in one form or another, has been directed toward Jews and Judaism in the past, as recently as the 20th century though less so today. One wonders then, whether these are merely recycled tropes, to which identical meanings have been attached, or distinct responses to fundamentally different historical situations? To what extent should the Jewish historical experience influence how we assess and understand the contemporary encounter of Islam with the West? At the same time, Jewish communities and individuals have had their own history of relations with the Islamic world, at times distinct from those of the West, at times deeply entwined.
This course, then, has two intersecting goals: The first is to survey Western, mainly Christian, conceptions of Jews and of Muslims--Judaism and Islam--since the Middle Ages, being alert to common patterns but also to important distinctions between the two phenomena. The second is to examine some key episodes in Jewish-Muslim encounters: One of our major chal.
As the th anniversary of the publication of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein approaches, this class will study both the novel's origins and its powerful and abiding influence on our culture across a wide range of disciplines. The text itself is complex and layered, responding to its literary precursors, Enlightenment science, radical politics, aesthetic theory, feminism, Romantic idealism, Gothic horror, and more. In order to understand these influences, we will examine texts read by Mary Shelley and her characters , including letters, essays, poems, and scientific reports.
Our study of the novel's afterlives will begin with R. Peake's play, Presumption, which shaped much of the popular understanding of the Frankenstein myth during the 19th century. Our investigation of 20th- and 21st-century manifestations of Frankenstein will focus on its appearance in film, racial discourse, scientific ethics, popular culture, and advertising. This portion of the course will include a viewing of the iconic Boris Karloff film, which established indelible versions of the mad scientist and his "monster.
Examines education within the context of American social and intellectual history. Using a broad conception of education in the United States and a variety of readings in American culture and social history, the course focuses on such themes as the variety of institutions involved with education, including family, church, community, work place, and cultural agency; the ways relationships among those institutions have changed over time; the means individuals have used to acquire an education; and the values, ideas, and practices that have shaped American educational policy in different periods of our history.
This course will focus on America's involvement in Vietnam from the era of French colonialism through the collapse of United States intervention. Special attention will be given to political, military, economic, and cultural aspects, as well as to international relationships, and the significance of the experience and subsequent developments upon both American and Vietnamese societies. Prior coursework in history or permission of the instructor. It continues to challenge the development of civilization. The course examines the impact of disease on Western history; the efforts of Western society to deal with disease through magic, religion, and science; and the role of disease as the theme of art, literature and popular culture.
This course examines the evolution of sports in the context of American history. From the colonial era to the present, sports have been a mirror of the larger history of the nation. The peoples of ancient Mediterranean, African, Near Eastern, Asian and Celtic worlds and pre-contact America are the subjects of this course. Each civilization, with an emphasis on their art and literature, manners and morals, scientific and technological inventions, political, military, and economic institutions, triumphs and failures, is considered first in its own context, and then with reference to how, when, and with what consequences ancient civilizations affected one another.
The course focuses on the new civilization which emerged from the ruins of the Greco-Roman world. The role of the Medieval church, feudalism, chivalry, and witchcraft in shaping this seminal period is explored together with the medieval world's contribution to the making of modern day political, economic and cultural traditions. This course covers the period in European history from to , one in which the values, life-styles and power structure of the Middle Ages were consistently challenged by new forces which were ultimately victorious and laid the groundwork for the modern era.
More than just a period of transition, the epoch includes some of the more creative and turbulent chapters in the history of European civilization. A study of Europe in the 20th century, beginning with the foundations in and continuing to the present. The course examines the former world dominance of Europe and traces developments leading to its present status in the world community.
Topics studied intensively include the origins of World War I, the impact of the Russian Revolution, the rise of fascism, and World War II, as well as the significant cultural, social and intellectual trends that shaped this epoch in European history. This course examines the multifaceted history of the Middle East, broadly construed as a geographic and cultural region, since the 18th century. Topics include religious and cultural traditions and varieties, gender issues, and the challenges and choices facing Middle Eastern states and societies in recent years.
Regional conflicts, religious radicalism, and terrorism will be addressed. English or one history course or permission of the instructor. This course examines the early and modern history of Islamic societies and of Muslims in local and global contexts, including Africa, Central and South Asia, the Pacific, and the West. The course addresses topics such as politics and statecraft; religious and cultural traditions and varieties; gender roles; and the challenges and choices that Muslim societies and individuals have faced in medieval, early modern, and modern times.
Emphasis centers on the development and formation of Colonial Latin America, its political institutions and social problems. A history of Latin America in the 19th and 20th centuries dealing with the broad comparative features of the region's political, economic and social development. More specific analyses of national case studies are included together with a consideration of the frequent revolutions which have swept the nations of Latin America in the modern era. Emphasis centers on the impact and effects of African slavery in the Caribbean, African contributions to the region, its cultural roots in Caribbean society, and the contemporary problems in the Caribbean today.
This course examines the history of Mexico and Central America from independence in the s to the present. Attention will be paid to political events, such as the Wars of Independence, the Mexican Revolution and the Sandinista and FMLN movements, and to such long-term processes as the relationships among agrarian development, social movements and state-building. The course reviews the impact of the West on China in the modern era. This course examines Western Empire building and the struggle of colonized societies to gain independence. It begins by exploring the roots of imperialism in the 16th through the 18th centuries and continues with analysis of European imperialism in Africa and Asia in the 19th century.
Motivations for imperial conquest, methods of rule, effects on the colonized societies and the United States expansionism in the 19th and 20th centuries are considered. This course also analyzes gender, race and the anti-colonial movements of the 20th century.
It concludes with analysis of neocolonialism in the aftermath of the Cold War. The course deals with one of the most significant areas of contemporary international conflict and tension: Students probe the origins and development of the Cold War and peace in the 20th century.
The controversial professor of Black History at CCNY. 4. Built to destroy the spirit and aspirations of its inhabitants. (F) 1. th Street (N/W) corner of Malcolm X. ARTH History of Art I: Ancient to Medieval Credits Examines the history of modern painting and sculpture from to the present and the Examines the products of applied design during the past years, including examples of This course traces the history of African American art, beginning with the.
Formerly HIS This course focuses on Celtic history, foreign invasions, early modern Ireland before emancipation, the great famine, land reform, home rule, the Easter uprising, the Irish Free State, the independent republic, Northern Ireland, the present discord and the Dublin-London-Belfast-American connection. This course tries to make Russia less puzzling by examining the cultural, social and political elements which have gone into the making of modern Russia. In the process certain broad themes are considered, including Russia's place in Western tradition and the relationship between contemporary society and Russia's pre-revolutionary past.
Formerly HIS An interdisciplinary approach to the history of the modern state of Israel and the Jewish historical experience.
Firsthand experiences and films are used in examination of the life and culture of modern Israel, including an in-depth study of the Arab-Jewish conflict. A comparative study of revolutionary movements and ideologies from the time of Cromwell to the present, with an emphasis on the modern era.
It deals with the causes and consequences of revolutions in their historical contexts, and discusses alternatives to violent overthrows of government as well as counter-revolutionary movements, past and present. An in-depth view of the American struggle for independence, removing much of the mythology that surrounds this classic confrontation between colonies and mother country.
Beginning with the French and Indian War, the course examines the crises leading to revolution, the military aspects of the war itself, and ends with a look at the new nation in its infancy. Particular attention is focused on both British and Colonial views toward independence, the conspiratorial activities of the radical revolutionary minority, and the roles played by various individuals on all sides of the struggle in the War for Independence. The era of the Civil War and Reconstruction was the most traumatic in American history.
The nation underwent an orgy of bloodshed and hatred, the aftereffects of which can still be seen to this day.
This course examines the events and personalities of that turbulent era during which the nation was forged. The topics covered will include the Armenian massacre of , the Jewish Holocaust Final Solution of World War II, as well as some contemporary examples of genocide, i. Bosnia, Rwanda, the Caucasus, etc. The prime emphasis will be on the Holocaust, with a focus on the lessons learned from this historical experience. This course examines the origins and development of the national forces and institutions that have shaped racial ideas and practices over the last years.
Through a variety of historical materials, students will explore the comparative aspects and dimensions of racism, from early European overseas conquests to contemporary struggles for national political power. The European navigations of the fifteenth century permanently connected four major continents and their distinct peoples many of whom before this time had no or only sporadic contact with one another. From onwards the Atlantic Oceans served as a "corridor" through which peoples, ideas, and things were exchanged and transformed.
This course explores the Atlantic world created by this corridor by examining several themes: Religion has played an important role in the political, social, cultural, and intellectual history of America from the colonial era to the present. This course examines the diverse religions that have influenced and that have been influenced by the American past. Completion of RDG Description: Western Roots I Prerequisites: Western Roots II Prerequisites: Fall, Spring Credit Hours: