Obo, while the American breed descends from Obos son, Ch. In addition, there is a strain of English Cocker Spaniel. Both breeds share similar coat colors and health issues with a few exceptions, while their origins are unknown, spaynels are mentioned in 14th century writings. The Welsh or Devonshire were considered cockers until when they were recognized by The Kennel Club as the Welsh Springer Spaniel and this maximum weight limit remained on the Cocker Spaniel until , with larger dogs being classed as Springer Spaniels.
There are two dogs which are thought to be the foundation sires of modern breeds of cocker spaniels. Obo is considered by breed enthusiasts to be the father of the modern English Cocker Spaniel, while his son, Obo was born in , at which point registration as a cocker was still only by size and not by ancestry. During his lifetime, it was claimed in advertisements that Obo II was the sire or grandsire of nearly every prize winning cocker in America, there are two modern breeds of cocker spaniel, the English Cocker Spaniel and the American Cocker Spaniel.
Cocker spaniel coats come in a variety of colors including black, liver, red, a noted occurrence of this happened in , when a grandson of My Own Brucie, Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in and , was born all-white. Judo — Judo was created as a physical, mental and moral pedagogy in Japan, in , by Jigoro Kano.
It is generally categorized as a martial art which later evolved into a combat. Strikes and thrusts by hands and feet as well as defenses are a part of judo. His father, Jirosaku, was the son of the head priest of the Shinto Hiyoshi shrine in Shiga Prefecture.
He married Sadako Kano, daughter of the owner of Kiku-Masamune sake brewing company and was adopted by the family and he ultimately became an official in the Shogunal government. With the fall of the Tokugawa shogunate in the Meiji Restoration of , many of those who had once taught the art had been forced out of teaching or become so disillusioned with it that they had simply given up. Several years passed before he found a willing teacher. In , as a student at the Tokyo-Kaisei school, Kano learned that many jujutsu teachers had been forced to pursue alternative careers, frequently opening Seikotsu-in.
Volleyball — Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net. Each team tries to points by grounding a ball on the other teams court under organized rules. It has been a part of the program of the Summer Olympic Games since The receiving team must not let the ball be grounded within their court, the team may touch the ball up to 3 times but individual players may not touch the ball twice consecutively. The team that wins the rally is awarded a point, the ball is usually played with the hands or arms, but players can legally strike or push the ball with any part of the body.
A number of consistent techniques have evolved in volleyball, including spiking and blocking as well as passing, setting, the game took some of its characteristics from tennis and handball. Another indoor sport, basketball, was catching on in the area, having been invented just ten miles away in the city of Springfield, Massachusetts, only four years before.
Mintonette was designed to be a sport, less rough than basketball, for older members of the YMCA. A match was composed of nine innings with three serves for each team in each inning, and no limit to the number of contacts for each team before sending the ball to the opponents court. In case of an error, a second try was allowed. Hitting the ball into the net was considered a foul —except in the case of the first-try serve, Volleyball rules were slightly modified by the International YMCA Training School and the game spread around the country to various YMCAs.
The first official ball used in volleyball is disputed, some say that Spalding created the first official ball in In , the game was changed from 21 to 15 points, in , about 16, volleyballs were distributed by the American Expeditionary Forces to their troops and allies, which sparked the growth of volleyball in new countries. The sport is now popular in Brazil, in Europe, in Russia, and in countries including China. Beach volleyball, a variation of the played on sand. Volleyball is also a sport at the Paralympics managed by the World Organization Volleyball for Disabled, nudists were early adopters of the game with regular organized play in clubs as early as the late s.
Veganism — Veganism is both the practice of abstaining from the use of animal products, particularly in diet, and an associated philosophy that rejects the commodity status of animals.
A follower of either the diet or the philosophy is known as a vegan, distinctions are sometimes made between several categories of veganism. Dietary vegans refrain from consuming animal products, not only meat but also eggs, dairy products and other animal-derived substances. The term ethical vegan is often applied to those who not only follow a diet but extend the philosophy into other areas of their lives. Donald Watson coined the term vegan in when he co-founded the Vegan Society in England, at first he used it to mean non-dairy vegetarian, but from the society defined it as the doctrine that man should live without exploiting animals.
Interest in veganism increased in the s, more vegan stores opened, and vegan options became increasingly available in supermarkets and restaurants in many countries. Well-planned vegan diets can reduce the risk of some types of chronic disease and they are regarded as appropriate for all stages of the life-cycle by the American Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. The German Society for Nutrition cautions against vegan diets for children, because uncontaminated plant foods do not provide vitamin B12, researchers agree that vegans should eat Bfortified foods or take a supplement.
The origin of the English term vegetarian is unknown, the earliest known use is attributed to the actress Fanny Kemble, writing around in Georgia in the United States. Vegetarianism established itself as a significant movement in 19th-century England and the United States, a minority of vegetarians avoided animal food entirely. Lambe called animal food an habitual irritation, and argued that ilk eating and flesh eating are but branches of a common system, and they must stand or fall together.
Sylvester Grahams meatless Graham diet—mostly fruit, vegetables, water, several vegan communities were established around this time. Belongs to the more moderate division. The first known vegan cookbook, Rupert H. Wheldons No Animal Food, the consumption of milk and eggs became a battleground over the following decades. There were regular discussions about it in the Vegetarian Messenger, it appears from the pages that many opponents of veganism came from within the vegetarian community.
This lent support to the position, although Gandhi himself drank goats milk. Exclusive double-box sold at Tchibo. Nonstop in die Raketenfalle Non-stop into the rocket-trap Erpresser fahren Achterbahn Blackmailers ride rollercoasters During his lifetime, it was claimed in advertisements that Obo II was the sire or grandsire of nearly every prize winning cocker in America, there are two modern breeds of cocker spaniel, the English Cocker Spaniel and the American Cocker Spaniel.
This lent support to the position, although Gandhi himself drank goats milk. States of Germany — Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen federal states. Since todays Germany was formed from a collection of several states, it has a federal constitution. West Berlin, while not part of the Federal Republic, was largely integrated and considered as a de facto state.
Federalism is one of the constitutional principles of Germany. After , new states were constituted in all four zones of occupation, in , the states in the three western zones formed the Federal Republic of Germany. This is in contrast to the development in Austria, where the Bund was constituted first. Today, it is common to use the term Bundesland. He summarizes the arguments for boundary reform in Germany.
But several proposals have failed so far, territorial reform remains a topic in German politics. Federalism has a tradition in German history.
The Holy Roman Empire comprised many petty states numbering more than around , the number of territories was greatly reduced during the Napoleonic Wars. After the Congress of Vienna,39 states formed the German Confederation, the new German Empire included 25 states and the imperial territory of Alsace-Lorraine.
Radio drama — Radio drama is a dramatized, purely acoustic performance, broadcast on radio. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with , inhabitants, Florence was a centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of the time. It is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance, and has called the Athens of the Middle Ages.
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A turbulent political history includes periods of rule by the powerful Medici family, from to the city was the capital of the recently established Kingdom of Italy. The city is noted for its culture, Renaissance art and architecture, the city also contains numerous museums and art galleries, such as the Uffizi Gallery and the Palazzo Pitti, and still exerts an influence in the fields of art, culture and politics.
Due to Florences artistic and architectural heritage, it has been ranked by Forbes as one of the most beautiful cities in the world, in , the city had the 17th highest average income in Italy. Florence originated as a Roman city, and later, after a period as a flourishing trading and banking medieval commune.
Starting from the late Middle Ages, Florentine money—in the form of the gold florin—financed the development of all over Europe, from Britain to Bruges, to Lyon. Florentine bankers financed the English kings during the Hundred Years War and they similarly financed the papacy, including the construction of their provisional capital of Avignon and, after their return to Rome, the reconstruction and Renaissance embellishment of Rome. Florence was home to the Medici, one of European historys most important noble families, Lorenzo de Medici was considered a political and cultural mastermind of Italy in the late 15th century.
Two members of the family were popes in the early 16th century, Leo X, catherine de Medici married king Henry II of France and, after his death in , reigned as regent in France. The Etruscans initially formed in BC the small settlement of Fiesole and it was built in the style of an army camp with the main streets, the cardo and the decumanus, intersecting at the present Piazza della Repubblica.
Situated along the Via Cassia, the route between Rome and the north, and within the fertile valley of the Arno, the settlement quickly became an important commercial centre.
Peace returned under Lombard rule in the 6th century, Florence was conquered by Charlemagne in and became part of the Duchy of Tuscany, with Lucca as capital. The population began to again and commerce prospered. Rhea Harder — Rhea Harder is a German actress, best known for appearances in various German television series. Harder was born in East Berlin, and grew up in East Germany and she then sat tests for the civil service in Berlin, before being cast in Gute Zeiten, schlechte Zeiten and deciding on a career as actress. Harders first son, Moritz Paul Harder, was born in and her second son, Bruno Franz, was born in In she give birth a daughter.
It is run as an independent nonprofit institution, which was founded by all states of Germany. ZDF is financed by licence fees and advertising revenues. The broadcaster is well known for its famous programmes heute, a newscast established in , and Wetten, dass.
ZDF was founded in by interstate agreement, after the West German federal governments plan to set up a TV channel controlled by the government caused uproar. West Germanys constitution stipulated that regulation of culture and media was a compentency of the federal states, the station began broadcasting from Eschborn near Frankfurt am Main on 1 April , with a speech by the first director general, Dr.
The channel broadcast its first programme in colour in , in , ZDF moved its base of operations to Mainz-Lerchenberg, after briefly being located in Wiesbaden. From 5 October ZDF broadcasts 24 hours a day, in , the German postal service began constructing a transmitter chain for a second television network. This new network was to be broadcast on the UHF spectrum which required new reception equipment, for older receivers, a converter was sold for about 80 DM.
As with the earlier ARD television network, the location of the transmitters was carefully planned to ensure the country would be able to receive the programming. Under the government of Konrad Adenauer, the Interior Ministry was to establish a federal TV network, Deutschland-Fernsehen, in March , the states decided to establish, independently of existing institutions, a central nonprofit public television network. On 6 June , the state premiers signed at a conference in Stuttgart the interstate agreement on the establishment of the public institution Second German Television.
On 1 December , though not all states had ratified the agreement, the last state, Bavaria, filed the instrument of ratification on 9 July ZDF also has income from sponsorships and programming and advertising sales, as ZDF is a channel, not a network, the channel is broadcast throughout Germany, with no regional variations or affiliates, using a number of signal repeaters. ZDF transmitters broadcast a digital signal, analog signals were gradually phased out, a process which lasted from to Its channel designation was formerly KI. Each day KiKA broadcasts a mixture of live-action and animated features from 6,00 a.
The channel also shows, such as Tabaluga tivi from ZDFs main service. KiKAs mascot is the puppet character Bernd das Brot, a chronically depressed loaf of bread, the channel uses live continuity announcers. KiKa showed German as well as series, like cartoon classics from the s and 80s. The all-girl popular music band Saphir was formed of the winners of the talent show KI.
Although it had one of the channels original aims to broadcast both animated and live-action series, the former now predominate. Apart from the animated series, the afternoon soap opera Schloss Einstein is currently almost the sole live-action series in KiKAs lineup during the day. There are only two other shows, one of which is aired in the afternoon and the other in the evening.
The channel sometimes offers continuous rebroadcasts of series that have come to an end, similar to the procedure of private commercial stations, these series are broadcast as double features. But most of the series, which had been repeatedly broadcast from to , are currently excluded from the lineup.
The difference between the weekday and the weekend programming keeps vanishing steadily, since many series are aired daily, thus some series, such as Pet Alien, Being Ian, and Jakers. The Adventures of Piggley Winks, are almost continually part of the programme, many programmes, especially older series, such as Pan Tau, Pippi Longstocking, and Es war einmal, can be seen only on the ZDF and regional channels.
Comic — Comics is a medium used to express ideas by images, often combined with text or other visual information. Comics frequently takes the form of juxtaposed sequences of panels of images, often textual devices such as speech balloons, captions, and onomatopoeia indicate dialogue, narration, sound effects, or other information.
Size and arrangement of panels contribute to narrative pacing, cartooning and similar forms of illustration are the most common image-making means in comics, fumetti is a form which uses photographic images. The history of comics has followed different paths in different cultures, scholars have posited a pre-history as far back as the Lascaux cave paintings.
By the midth century, comics flourished particularly in the United States, western Europe, histories of Japanese comics and cartooning propose origins as early as the 12th century. Comics has had a reputation for much of its history. The English term comics is used as a noun when it refers to the medium. Though the term derives from the work that predominated in early American newspaper comic strips. It is common in English to refer to the comics of different cultures by the used in their original languages, such as manga for Japanese comics.
The increasing cross-pollination of concepts from different comics cultures and eras has further made definition difficult, examples of early comics The European, American, and Japanese comics traditions have followed different paths. Japan had a prehistory of satirical cartoons and comics leading up to the World War II era. The ukiyo-e artist Hokusai popularized the Japanese term for comics and cartooning, manga, in the post-war era modern Japanese comics began to flourish when Osamu Tezuka produced a prolific body of work.
Illustrated humour periodicals were popular in 19th-century Britain, the earliest of which was the short-lived The Glasgow Looking Glass in , the most popular was Punch, which popularized the term cartoon for its humorous caricatures. American comics developed out of magazines as Puck, Judge. Between and cartoonists experimented with sequentiality, movement, shorter, black-and-white daily strips began to appear early in the 20th century, and became established in newspapers after the success in of Bud Fishers Mutt and Jeff.
In Britain, the Amalgamated Press established a style of a sequence of images with text beneath them, including Illustrated Chips. On the Wednesday evening prior to the opening of the event, there is a preview for professionals, exhibitors. Detroit, Michigan-born, comics fan Shel Dorf, had, in the mids, mounted the Detroit Triple-Fan Fairs, one of the first commercial comics-fan conventions. When he moved to San Diego, California, in , he organized a convention on March 21, Dorf went on to be associated with the convention as president or manager, variously, Alf co-chaired the first convention with Krueger and became chairman in I was quietly walking the floor stunned and in awe of just how much bigger it really was, the convention is organized by a panel of 13 board members,16 to 20 full-time and part-time workers, and 80 volunteers who assist via committees.
Comic Con International is an organization, and proceeds of the event go to funding it, as well as the Alternative Press Expo. The convention logo was designed by Richard Bruning and Josh Beatman in , in September , the convention announced that it would stay in San Diego through In , working with Lionsgate, a channel was created to host Comic-Con related content. Along with panels, seminars, and workshops with comic book professionals, there are previews of upcoming feature films, like most comic-book conventions, Comic-Con features a large floorspace for exhibitors.
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