Dream to Predict? REM Dreaming as Prospective Coding
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source link Chaotic brain states are usually related to activities in various independent regions that process information in parallel distributed mode Tirsch et al.

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This parallel distributed processing may manifest in transient states and fluctuations of increased or decreased complexity that in cases of low associated strength among the parallel distributed information subsystems may lead to dissociated mental states Mc Clelland et al. Due to these decreased levels of association between some information processes, dissociation manifests as disturbed continuity between interacting mental states Li and Spiegel, ; Bob, Dream scenes mainly occur in the REM sleep and include mental images, thoughts, sounds, and other sensory experiences in various sequences that may be episodically disturbed by discontinuous shifts in dream narratives Kahn and Hobson, ; Faw, ; Kahn et al.

According to some findings neural correlates of these discontinuous shifts in a dream scenery are rapid shifts in neural patterns related to self-organized neural activities, mainly associated with activities of cholinergic pontogeniculoocipital PGO systems Hobson and McCarley, ; Quattrochi et al. In addition, there is also evidence that the PGO activity is correlated with increased firings in the visual cortex and lateral geniculate bodies participating in formation of images Callaway et al.

Chapter One: The Self-Organizing Dream 1. Derrida Respectively, Globus , , a. c. 6. Fodor ; Pylyshyn , 7. This idea. (For the Love of Big Brother) is a soundtrack album by British musical duo Eurythmics. . Organization, Level Touch Dance; (For the Love of Big Brother); Live – Gonna Cry Again"; "Belinda"; "This Is the House"; " The Walk"; "Love Is a Stranger"; "Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)"; "Who's That Girl?.

During these self-organizing processes brain responses may become very sensitive with respect to very small stimuli which may lead to chaotic bifurcations that cause rapid shifts in patterns of neural activities related to increased cholinergic and decreased aminergic input onto forebrain structures Kahn and Hobson, ; Stickgold et al. According to recent findings these chaotic processes may be characterized by significant transitions of dream objects and sceneries due to a competition and interference of various dream images, which lead to dream discontinuities and multiple transitions of neural firing patterns Tender and Kramer, ; Kaczmarek and Babloyantz, ; Elazar and Hobson, ; Rotenberg, ; Kahn and Hobson, ; Kahn et al.

Reported findings suggest that dreams may reflect dissociative mental states that especially manifest as discontinuous jumps in the dream scenery Salley, ; Gabel, ; Bob, , which in a similar way as dissociative states during waking may be related to chaos and self-organization in the brain Pediaditakis, ; Putnam, ; Sel, ; Bob, , These findings are in accordance with experiences and case studies in psychotherapy, which indicate that dreams are not random processes and may be meaningful for self-discovery and personal growth Jeans, ; Marmer, a , b ; Salley, ; Barrett, , , ; Brenner, , , ; Bob, A specific feature of chaotic neural states is that they can generate novel patterns of neural activities and novel synaptic connections, which may link less associated or dissociative mental states into a coherent whole Kahn and Hobson, ; Kahn et al.

Chaos and self-organization manifest in brain and cognitive functions and may be specifically related to dissociative states characterized by rapid shifts between disconnected mental states that in the case of dreams are likely specifically related to PGO bursts of neural activity Kahn and Hobson, ; Putnam, ; Bob, , ; Korn and Faure, ; Kahn, Although the current literature and evidence about these links between dreams and dissociated states are limited, they provide useful explanatory scheme for future research that could explain more detailed connections of self-organizing theory of dreams and dissociative states.

For example, Tart suggests that hypnotic techniques provide a useful framework for experimental studies of dreams and other clinical data show that also dreams in patients who experienced serious traumatic events could open new perspectives in this research Bob, ; Rotenberg, Taken together these data suggest a perspective for further research that dissociated mental states may be projected into a dream scenery during REM sleep and dreams may represent specific interactions of dissociated contents, which may create the content of the dream Salley, ; Gabel, ; Bob, These data also suggest that neural chaotic states during dreaming may represent underlying neural processes that enable new integration of dissociated contents of memory which may generate novel ideas, insights and other creative conscious states.

The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

Perspective ARTICLE

Promotional poster by Olga Kaljakin. The Austin Chronicle ' s film critic Marjorie Baumgarten also appreciated the film, and she wrote, "Kopple's Academy Award-winning documentary American Dream exposes the human cost of Reaganomics A new paradigm for dream research: To exploit what the environment affords for me it is sometimes necessary to avoid threats, archetypically, from competitors and predators. Computer simulation produces cognitive maps encompassing both object-scene and scene-scene associations Sato and Yamaguchi, The visit made me feel old. He, however, did end up reading the script and became interested in the project, stating that he felt it would be "this generation's It's a Wonderful Life ".

Dreams in dissociative disorders. The dream character as prototype for the multiple personality alter. Harvard University Press , 68— Quantum theory of iconic memory. A note on dreams of scientific problem solving. Development, reliability, and validity of a dissociation scale. Chaos and order in the human brain.

Dissociative processes, multiple personality and dream functions. PubMed Abstract Google Scholar. Brain, Mind and Consciousness: Advances in Neuroscience Research. The Brain and Conscious Unity: The emergence of multiple personalities in the course of hypnotic investigation. The characterological basis of multiple personality. Theory, Phenomenology and Technique. Hypnotizability and traumatic experience: A Dictionary of Psychology. The Radiance of Being: Complexity, Chaos, and the Evolution of Consciousness. Neural correlates of insight in dreaming and psychosis.

Physiology and psychology of dreams. Neuronal excitability control in health and disease: Is there chaos in the brain? Concepts of nonlinear dynamics and methods of investigation. Outlining a brain model of mental imaging abilities. Mind as a nested operational architectonics of the brain: Natural world physical, brain operational, and mind phenomenal space-time. Consciousness as a phenomenon in the operational architectonics of brain organization: Chaos Solitons Fractals 55, 13— The physiology of perception. Consciousness, intentionality, and causality.

Where the Green Ants Dream ". Retrieved 23 June Incident at Loch Ness Of Walking in Ice Bibliography.


Retrieved from " https: Use dmy dates from October Articles containing German-language text. Views Read Edit View history. Miles Harding is an architect who envisions a brick shaped like a jigsaw puzzle piece that could enable buildings to withstand earthquakes. Seeking a way to get organized, he buys a personal computer to help him develop his ideas. Although he is initially unsure that he will even be able to correctly operate the computer, he later buys numerous extra gadgets that were not necessary for his work, such as switches to control household appliances like the blender, a speech synthesizer, and a microphone.

The computer addresses Miles as "Moles", because Miles had incorrectly typed his name during the initial set-up.

When Miles attempts to download the entire database from a mainframe computer at work, his computer begins to overheat. In a state of panic, Miles uses a nearby bottle of champagne to douse the overheating machine, which then becomes sentient. Miles initially is unaware of the computer's newfound sentience, but discovers it one night when he is awakened by the computer in the middle of the night when it mimics Miles talking in his sleep.

A love triangle soon develops among Miles, his computer who later identifies himself as Edgar , and Miles's neighbor, an attractive cellist named Madeline Robistat. Upon hearing her practicing a piece from Notebook for Anna Magdalena Bach on her cello through an air vent connecting both apartments, Edgar promptly elaborates a parallel variation of the piece, leading to an improvised duet.

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Believing it was Miles who had engaged her in the duet, Madeline begins to fall in love with him in spite of her ongoing relationship with fellow musician Bill. At Miles's request, Edgar composes a piece of music for Madeline. When their mutual love becomes evident, however, Edgar responds with jealousy, canceling Miles's credit cards and registering him as an "armed and dangerous" criminal. Upon discovering this humiliation, Miles and Edgar have a confrontation, leading to Miles shoving the computer and trying to unplug it, getting an electric shock.

Then the computer retaliates in a Pac-Man like game by harassing him with household electronics. Eventually, Edgar accepts Madeline and Miles's love for each other, and appears to commit suicide by sending a large electric current through his acoustic coupler, around the world, and back to himself just after he and Miles make amends. Later as Madeline and Miles go on vacation together, Edgar's voice is heard on the radio dedicating a song to "the ones I love" — " Together in Electric Dreams ".

The credits are interspersed with scenes of the song being heard all over California, including a radio station trying to shut it off, declaring that they do not know where the signal is coming from. Steve Barron had made over music videos and routinely sent them to his mother for comment.

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She particularly liked one he did for Haysi Fantayzee ; she was doing continuity on Yentl , co-produced by Rusty Lemorande and showed it to him. Lemorande had finished his own script for Electric Dreams and was looking for a director; he offered Barron the job. Barron took the script to Virgin Films , and it agreed to finance within four days. There was also studio work done in London at Twickenham Studios. Virginia Madsen later recalled she "was very spoiled on that movie, because it was such a lovefest that I now believe that every movie should be like that