JulianStuart , Dec 4, That may account for the difference: I certainly don't think you can say "speak a truth" any more than you can say "speak a lie". DonnyB , Dec 4, RedwoodGrove , Dec 4, Let me comment on the use of articles. What truth do you see when you are talking about the honesty of someone? Do you think of more than two things concerning the matter? I guess there could be only one thing that you can think of.
That's why English speaking people use definite articles when talking about truths. As for telling a lie, I'd like to say that lies always go with its its content, in other words what matters when telling a lie is its content and to tell something connotes to convey its meaning while to speak signifies the action itself. Our land lies between these trees and the river. The manner or position in which something is situated. He's lying down on the job. To be decided by, dependent on, or up to: The choice lies with you. To keep oneself or one's plans hidden.
Cervantes' Don Quixote ii. The strength of his performance lies in his training. Share I tell a lie. To be or place oneself at rest in a flat, horizontal, or recumbent position; recline: Perjury is the act of lying or making verifiably false statements on a material matter under oath or affirmation in a court of law , or in any of various sworn statements in writing. Thus bullshit may be either true or false, but demonstrates a lack of concern for the truth which is likely to lead to falsehoods. Augustine , as well as St.
A false statement deliberately presented as being true; a falsehood. Something meant to deceive or mistakenly accepted as true: To present false information with the intention of deceiving. To convey a false image or impression: He flung the lie back at his accusers. The book lies on the table. These things lie upon my mind.
The trail from here lies to the west.
The fault lies here. The real remedy lies in education. To lay something somewhere means to put it there carefully or neatly. Lay a sheet of newspaper on the floor.
She would lie on the floor, listening to music. Switch to new thesaurus. Trygve Halvden Lie , Trygve Lie. Related words adjective mendacious like mythomania. A half-truth is a deceptive statement that includes some element of truth. The statement might be partly true, the statement may be totally true but only part of the whole truth, or it may employ some deceptive element, such as improper punctuation , or double meaning, especially if the intent is to deceive, evade , blame or misrepresent the truth. An honest lie or confabulation can be identified by verbal statements or actions that inaccurately describe history, background, and present situations.
There is generally no intent to misinform and the individual is unaware that their information is false. Because of this, it is not technically a lie at all since by definition, there must be an intent to deceive for the statement to be considered a lie. Jocose lies are lies meant in jest , intended to be understood as such by all present parties. Teasing and irony are examples.
A more elaborate instance is seen in some storytelling traditions, where the storyteller's insistence that the story is the absolute truth, despite all evidence to the contrary i. There is debate about whether these are "real" lies, and different philosophers hold different views. The winner in was Hugh Lupton.
Lie-to-children is a phrase that describes a simplified explanation of technical or complex subjects as a teaching method for children and laypeople. While lies-to-children are useful in teaching complex subjects to people who are new to the concepts discussed, they can promote the creation of misconceptions among the people who listen to them. The phrase has been incorporated by academics within the fields of biology , evolution , bioinformatics and the social sciences. Media use has extended to publications including The Conversation and Forbes.
Lying by omission , also known as a continuing misrepresentation or quote mining , occurs when an important fact is left out in order to foster a misconception. Lying by omission includes the failure to correct pre-existing misconceptions. For example, when the seller of a car declares it has been serviced regularly but does not tell that a fault was reported at the last service, the seller lies by omission. It can be compared to dissimulation. An omission is when a person tells most of the truth, but leaves out a few key facts that therefore completely change the story.
Lying in trade occurs when the seller of a product or service may advertise untrue facts about the product or service in order to gain sales, especially by competitive advantage.
Many countries and states have enacted consumer protection laws intended to combat such fraud. A memory hole is a mechanism for the alteration or disappearance of inconvenient or embarrassing documents, photographs, transcripts, or other records, such as from a website or other archive, particularly as part of an attempt to give the impression that something never happened.
Minimization is the opposite of exaggeration. It is a type of deception  involving denial coupled with rationalization in situations where complete denial is implausible. A noble lie , which also could be called a strategic untruth, is one that would normally cause discord if uncovered, but offers some benefit to the liar and assists in an orderly society, therefore, potentially beneficial to others.
It is often told to maintain law, order and safety. In psychiatry , pathological lying also called compulsive lying, pseudologia fantastica and mythomania is a behavior of habitual or compulsive lying. Perjury is the act of lying or making verifiably false statements on a material matter under oath or affirmation in a court of law , or in any of various sworn statements in writing.
(I) tell a lie meaning, definition, what is (I) tell a lie: used when you realize that something you: Learn more. I tell a lie definition: something you say when you have just said something wrong and want to correct it. Learn more.
Perjury is a crime , because the witness has sworn to tell the truth and, for the credibility of the court to remain intact, witness testimony must be relied on as truthful. A polite lie is a lie that a politeness standard requires, and which is usually known to be untrue by both parties. Whether such lies are acceptable is heavily dependent on culture.
A common polite lie in international etiquette is to decline invitations because of "scheduling difficulties". Similarly, the butler lie is a small lie which is usually sent electronically, and is used to terminate conversations or to save face.
Puffery is an exaggerated claim typically found in advertising and publicity announcements, such as "the highest quality at the lowest price", or "always votes in the best interest of all the people". The phrase " speaking with a forked tongue " means to deliberately say one thing and mean another or, to be hypocritical, or act in a duplicitous manner. In the tradition of many Native American tribes, "speaking with a forked tongue" has meant lying, and a person was no longer considered worthy of trust, once he had been shown to "speak with a forked tongue. A more formal term is equivocation.
A white lie is a minor lie which could be considered harmless, or even beneficial, in the long term.
It is often used to shield someone from a hurtful or emotionally damaging truth, especially when not knowing the truth is completely harmless. A black lie is what is known as a lie. It is an anti-social behavior where the liar benefits from deceiving and the listener or some other group is hurt. A blue lie is between a white lie and a black lie; as such, it is simultaneously an example of pro-social and anti-social behavior. A blue lie is intended to help one's group, thus pro-social; but it does so by damaging others through deceit, thus anti-social. Once a lie has been told, there can be two alternative consequences: Under some circumstances, discovery of a lie may discredit other statements by the same speaker and can lead to social or legal sanctions against the speaker, such as ostracizing or conviction for perjury.
Hannah Arendt spoke about extraordinary cases in which an entire society is being lied to consistently. She said that the consequences of such lying are "not that you believe the lies, but rather that nobody believes anything any longer. This is because lies, by their very nature, have to be changed, and a lying government has constantly to rewrite its own history. On the receiving end you get not only one lie—a lie which you could go on for the rest of your days—but you get a great number of lies, depending on how the political wind blows.
The question of whether lies can reliably be detected through nonverbal means is a subject of some controversy. Spikes in stress are purported to indicate lying. The accuracy of this method is widely disputed, and in several well-known cases it was proven to have been deceived. Nonetheless, it remains in use in many areas, primarily as a method for eliciting confessions or employment screening.
Polygraph results are not admissible as court evidence and are generally perceived to be pseudoscience. A recent study found that lying takes longer than telling the truth, and thus the time to answer a question may be used as a method of lie detection. The only compromise is to try to surprise the victim and find a midway answer, not too quick, nor too long. Aristotle believed no general rule on lying was possible, because anybody who advocated lying could never be believed, he said. Augustine , as well as St. Thomas Aquinas and Immanuel Kant , condemned all lying. According to all three, there are no circumstances in which one may ethically lie.
Even if the only way to protect oneself is to lie, it is never ethically permissible to lie even in the face of murder, torture, or any other hardship. Each of these philosophers gave several arguments against lying, all compatible with each other. Among the more important arguments are:. On Lying , neuroscientist Sam Harris argues that lying is negative for the liar and the person who's being lied to. To say lies is to deny others access to reality. And that often we cannot anticipate how harmful lies can be. The one's we lie to may fail to solve problems they could have solved only on basis of good information.
To lie also harms oneself, makes the liar to distrust the person who's be lied to.