When Congress forbade the armed forces from using government money to fund artists in the field, Life privatized the programs, hiring many of the artists being let go by the Department of Defense DOD. The magazine hired Robert Capa , the distinguished war photographer. A mishap at the Life photography darkroom ruined dozens of Capa's photos which he had taken during the beach landing. The magazine wrote in the captions that the photos were fuzzy because Capa's hands were shaking. He denied it, and later poked fun at Life by titling his war memoir Slightly Out of Focus In , Capa was killed after stepping on a landmine , while working for the magazine covering the First Indochina War.
Life photographer Bob Landry also went in with the first wave at D-Day, "but all of Landry's film was lost, and his shoes to boot. Each week during World War II , the magazine brought the war home to Americans; it had photographers in all theaters of war, from the Pacific to Europe. The magazine was imitated in enemy propaganda using contrasting images of Life and Death. In a notable mistake, in its final edition just before the U.
Incumbent President Harry S. Truman won the election. On May 10, , the council of ministers in Cairo banned Life from Egypt forever. All issues on sale were confiscated.
No reason was given, but Egyptian officials expressed indignation over the April 10, , story about King Farouk of Egypt, entitled the "Problem King of Egypt". The government considered it insulting to the country.
Life in the s earned a measure of respect by commissioning work from top authors. After Life' s publication in of Ernest Hemingway 's The Old Man and the Sea , the magazine contracted with the author for a 4,word piece on bullfighting. Hemingway sent the editors a 10,word article, following his last visit to Spain in to cover a series of contests between two top matadors.
The article was republished in as the novella, The Dangerous Summer. In February , just a few weeks after leaving office, President Harry S. Truman announced that Life magazine would handle all rights to his memoirs. Truman said it was his belief that by he would be able to speak more fully on subjects pertaining to the role his administration played in world affairs.
Truman observed that Life editors had presented other memoirs with great dignity; he added that Life also made the best offer. In November , the actress Dorothy Dandridge was the first African-American woman to be featured on the cover of the magazine. Gordon Wasson , a vice president at J. Morgan , published an article in Life extolling the virtues of magic mushrooms. Life's motto became  "To see Life; to see the world. The magazine continued to showcase the work of notable illustrators, such as Alton S.
Tobey , whose many contributions included the cover for a series of articles on the history of the Russian Revolution. However, as the s drew to a close and TV became more popular, the magazine was losing readers. In May it announced plans to reduce its regular news-stand price to 20 cents a copy from 25 cents.
With the increase in television sales and viewership, interest in news magazines was waning. Life had to try to create a new form. In the s, the magazine was filled with color photos of movie stars, President John F. Kennedy and his family, the war in Vietnam , and the Apollo program. Typical of the magazine's editorial focus was a long feature on actress Elizabeth Taylor and her relationship with actor Richard Burton.
Life ran a 6,word first-person article on the screen star. Sex symbol kind of suggests bathrooms in hotels or something. I do know I'm a movie star and I like being a woman, and I think sex is absolutely gorgeous. But as far as a sex goddess, I don't worry myself that way Richard is a very sexy man. He's got that sort of jungle essence that one can sense When we look at each other, it's like our eyes have fingers and they grab ahold I think I ended up being the scarlet woman because of my rather puritanical upbringing and beliefs.
I couldn't just have a romance.
It had to be a marriage. In the s, the magazine's photographs featured those by Gordon Parks. I cared about the people," he said. On March 25, , Life featured the drug LSD as its cover story; it had attracted attention among the counter culture and was not yet criminalized.
The prestigious award was made for the magazine's publication of stunning photos from the war in Southeast Asia , such as Henri Huet 's riveting series of a wounded medic that were published in January Increasingly, the photos that Life published of the war in Vietnam were searing images of death and loss.
Despite the industry's accolades and publishing America's mission to the moon in , the magazine continued to lose circulation. Exactly one year later, Life cut its circulation from 7 million to 5. Life was reportedly not losing money, but its costs were rising faster than its profits. Life lost credibility with many readers when it supported author Clifford Irving , whose fraudulent autobiography of Howard Hughes was revealed as a hoax in January The magazine had purchased serialization rights to Irving's manuscript.
Gary Valk was publisher when the magazine laid off hundreds of staff. The weekly Life magazine published its last issue on December 29, From to , Time Inc. Starting with the October issue, Life was published as a monthly, with a new, modified logo. Although still the familiar red rectangle with the white type, the new version was larger, and the lettering was closer together and the box surrounding it was smaller. Life continued for the next 22 years as a moderately successful general-interest, news features magazine.
In , it decided to mark its 50th anniversary under the Time Inc. The circulation in this era hovered around the 1. The publisher at the time was Charles Whittingham; the editor was Philip Kunhardt. In Life sent correspondents to the first Gulf War and published special issues of coverage. The magazine struggled financially and, in February , Life announced the magazine would be printed on smaller pages starting with its July issue.
This issue also featured the return of the original Life logo. The magazine was back in the national consciousness upon the death in August of Alfred Eisenstaedt, the Life photographer whose photographs constitute some of the most enduring images of the 20th century. In , the magazine was suffering financially, but still made news by compiling lists to round out the 20th century. Life editors ranked its "Most Important Events of the Millennium. The Chinese , for example, had invented type four centuries before Johannes Gutenberg , but with thousands of ideograms , found its use impractical.
Life also published a list of the " Most Important People of the Millennium. Thomas Edison 's number one ranking was challenged since critics believed other inventions, such as the Internal combustion engine , the automobile, and electricity-making machines, for example, had greater effects on society than Edison's. The top list was criticized for mixing world-famous names, such as Isaac Newton , Albert Einstein , Louis Pasteur , and Leonardo da Vinci , with numerous Americans largely unknown outside of the United States 18 Americans compared to 13 Italian and French, and 11 English.
In March , Time Inc. The magazine's last issue featured a human interest story. In , its first issue under Henry Luce featured a baby named George Story , with the headline "Life Begins"; over the years the magazine had published updates about the course of Story's life as he married, had children, and pursued a career as a journalist. After Time announced its pending closure in March, George Story happened to die of heart failure on April 4, For Life subscribers, remaining subscriptions were honored with other Time Inc.
In January , these subscribers received a special, Life -sized format of "The Year in Pictures" edition of Time magazine. It was a Life issue disguised under a Time logo on the front. Newsstand copies of this edition were published under the Life imprint. While citing poor advertising sales and a rough climate for selling magazine subscriptions, Time Inc.
In , Time Warner began publishing special newsstand "megazine" issues of Life , on topics such as the September 11 attacks in and the Holy Land. These issues, which were printed on thicker paper, were more like softcover books than magazines. Beginning in October , Life was revived for a second time.
It resumed weekly publication as a free supplement to U. At its launch, it was distributed with more than 60 newspapers with a combined circulation of approximately 12 million. Bill Shapiro was the Founding Editor of the weekly supplement. This version of Life retained its trademark logo but sported a new cover motto, "America's Weekend Magazine. On September 15, , Life was 19 pages of editorial content. The editorial content contained one full-page photo, of actress Julia Louis-Dreyfus , and one three-page, seven-photo essay, of Kaiju Big Battel. On March 24, , Time Inc.
Life appears in special issues on notable occasions, such as Bob Dylan on the occasion of his winning the Nobel Prize in Literature , in , and Paul at 75 , in On November 18, , Google began hosting an archive of the magazine's photographs, as part of a joint effort with Life. The full archive of the issues of the main run — is available through Google Book Search. Life ' s online presence began in the s  as part of the Pathfinder.
While the archive of Life , known as the LIFE Picture Collection, was substantial, they searched for a partner who could provide significant contemporary photography. They approached Getty Images , the world's largest licensor of photography. The site, a joint venture between Getty Images and Life magazine, offered millions of photographs from their combined collections.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Life disambiguation.
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Zimmerman photojournalist Lalaine Madrigal photojournalist. Kelly 23 September Franklin Pierce Years as first lady: A staunch abolitionist, Jane frequently opposed her husband, who as president, was morally against slavery, but also placed the preservation of the Union as a priority.
Abraham Lincoln Years as first lady: As the wife of one of the greatest U. Some people in the White House even accused her of being a Confederate spy.
Andrew Johnson Years as first lady: Eliza was 16 years and two weeks old the earliest age of all of the first ladies when she married Andrew in and the minister who married them was Mordecai Lincoln, a cousin of Abraham Lincoln's father. Grant Years as first lady: Unlike her predecessors, Julia was happy when her Civil War general husband was elected to the presidency and she became the first first lady to pen her memoirs, which weren't published until 75 years after her death.
Hayes Years as first lady: She set a lot of precedents for future first ladies, including her public support of and dedication to important causes and starting the annual White House Easter Egg Roll that is still a White House tradition today. Garfield Years as first lady: Bright and ambitious, "Crete" was independent to the core with her personal projects, including advocating women's rights and lobbying Congress for funds to make internal repairs to the White House. Like Martha Jefferson, Rachel Jackson and Hannah Van Buren before her, Ellen died of pneumonia before her husband assumed office and never served as first lady.
A talented songstress with a beautiful contralto voice, she won Chester's heart by serenading him, and she had performed with the renowned Mendelssohn Glee Club. Grover Cleveland Years as first lady: Frances is full of firsts as a first lady, with her being the youngest first lady in American history, the first bride to marry an incumbent president at the White House and the first first lady to give birth in the White House. She is the only first lady to serve in two separate presidential terms. Benjamin Harrison Years as first lady: An avid and accomplished painter, Caroline used her talent to design the new formal presidential china with the U.
Her pieces are the stars of the White House china collection, which is still one of the main public attractions of the executive mansion. William McKinley Years as first lady: Like Francis Cleveland, Ida had a couple of important firsts, with her being the first incumbent first lady to visit a foreign country when she went to Mexico in and the first first lady to appear on film when she was shown during a film of her husband's speech at the Pan-American Exposition, also in Theodore Roosevelt Years as first lady: Teddy's second wife and aunt of future first lady Eleanor Roosevelt, Edith helped her husband win the Nobel Peace Prize in for ending the Russo-Japanese War by continually informing him of everything that was going on during the conflict.
William Howard Taft Years as first lady: She was also the woman responsible for the famous cherry blossom trees in West Potomac Park in Washington, D. Woodrow Wilson Years as first lady: When she wasn't putting her weight behind worthy causes, Woodrow's first wife Ellen was painting her heart out. She attended the Art Students League in New York, was influenced by the American impressionists, sold paintings and had her work exhibited at the Arts and Crafts Guild in Philadelphia before entering the White House in Woodrow's second wife became the presidential "steward" after her husband had a stroke in and she became the sole intermediary between her husband and his Cabinet when it came to important matters.
Harding Years as first lady: Florence is credited with having invented the White House "photo-op" that is very popular today and she loved screening movies and inviting actors to the White House. Calvin Coolidge Years as first lady: A former teacher at a school for the deaf in Massachusetts, Grace championed education and child welfare issues throughout her husband's presidency. Stylish, sporty and outgoing, the first lady eagerly participated in photo-ops and events at the White House and was the first first lady to speak in sound newsreels. Herbert Hoover Years as first lady: Intelligent and bold, Lou became one of the first women to receive a degree in geology from Stanford University.
Franklin Roosevelt Years as first lady: The first lady that set the standard for all first ladies that followed her, Eleanor was the first first lady to hold press conferences in the White House during which no male reporters were allowed and at a time when women were barred from White House press conferences. At these press conferences, she discussed important issues, like her husband's New Deal programs and civil rights. Truman Years as first lady: Elizabeth, nicknamed "Bess," worked as a paid aide for her husband when he was the U.
Eisenhower Years as first lady: As the wife of a famous five-star Army general and supreme commander of the Allied Forces in World War II, Mamie was never in one place for a long time, but she appeared in many television commercials during Ike's run for president and was a gracious and beloved White House hostess. Kennedy Years as first lady: New York socialite Jackie, an intelligent beauty and a stylish and sophisticated icon, was a photographer for the Washington Times-Herald when she met JFK. When she became first lady, she was the first first lady to hire a press secretary and a White House curator.
She also won an Emmy for her televised tour of the White House. Johnson Years as first lady: