It broadly refers to non-state institutions and associations that are critical to sustaining modern democratic participation. Each society and culture molds its own version of civil society, reflecting its most important values, such as individual liberty, public solidarity, pluralism, and nonviolence, all of which sustain a dynamic civic culture.
Primarily, my research on civil society contributes to the anthropological scholarship on neoliberalism.
Neoliberalism is commonly viewed as an economic doctrine that endorses individual freedoms and rights, and seeks to limit excessive intervention by the state through decentralized authority. The ideology has become dominant in advanced industrial countries, like the UK, the United States, and Japan, since the s.
The Third Sector and the State in Contemporary Japan [Akihiro Ogawa] on linawycatuzy.gq *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A look at the voluntary sector in. Civil society, Ogawa argues, can best be understood as an active, dynamic process The Third Sector and the State in Contemporary Japan.
Meanwhile, anthropologists offer alternative perspectives on neoliberalism; we present neoliberalism as a technology of governing people. My ethnographic case study documented as The Failure of Civil Society? Another contribution of this project was to fill a substantive gap in the scholarship on current civil society.
Most of the work in the field contained normative theoretical formulations with Western intellectual origins or in a post-socialism context. The conflicts within the ongoing NPO construction present powerful narratives—real voices and real experiences against the state discourse, which have yet to be vibrantly documented as a form of ethnography; I destabilize the conventional assumption of civil society. Ultimately, this book calls into question the relationship between the state and the third sector in contemporary Japanese social and political life, and broadly raises the issue of whether civil society can be intentionally created through the action of the state.
More practically, I believe that the narratives documented in this book would provide Japanese policy makers with a significant strategy for affecting the NPO policy.
Can civil society be constructed successfully by a state? In The Failure of Civil Society? Today, civil society is a transnational phenomenon. The state is an unusually strong actor, retarding development of a healthy, dynamic civil society. The state is using underhanded tactics for institutionalizing civil society to meet its goals. Peace, a Contested Identity:
Further, there are important policy implications of the book for any state seeking to mold its society in specific ways. Routledge Handbook of Civil Society in Asia. Routledge Handbook of Civil Society in Asia is an interdisciplinary resource, covering one of the most dynamically expanding sectors in contemporary Asia. Originally a product of Western thinking, civil society represents a particular set of relationships between the state and either society or the individual.
Each culture, however, moulds its own version of civil society, reflecting its most important values and traditions. This handbook provides a comprehensive survey of the directions and nuances of civil society, featuring contributions by leading specialists on Asian society from the fields of political science, sociology, anthropology and other disciplines. Comprising 35 essays on critical topics and issues, it is divided into two main sections:. Part II offers a series of thematic chapters, such as democratization, social enterprise, civic activism and the media. As an analysis of Asian social, cultural and political phenomena from the perspective of civil society in the post-World War II era, this book will be useful to students and scholars of Asian Studies, Asian Politics and Comparative Politics.
Security Paradigms and Social Movements: Asian Journal of Social Science.
The Right to Evacuation: Inter-Asia Cultural Studies 15 4: Lifelong Learning in Tokyo: Journal of Applied Anthropology in Policy and Practice 20 2: Ogawa Anthropology in Action. Young Precariat at the Forefront: Inter-Asia Cultural Studies 14 2: Demanding a Safer Tomorrow: Anthropology Today 29 1: Ogawa Anthropology Today. Risk Management by a Neoliberal State: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education 34 1: Peace, a Contested Identity: A Journal of Peace Research 36 3: Protecting the Right to Live Peacefully: Some features of this site may not work without it.
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Metadata Show full item record. My research analyzes the dynamic micro-politics of everyday interactions between the state and ordinary people in the creation and ongoing activities of an NPO.
It especially focuses on how different levels in the Japanese government shape these civil-society organizations into a structure that supports the state? Furthermore, this dissertation examines the meaning of civil society in an anthropological context.
My approach explores the mutually constitutive roles of state and society, avoiding any easy essentialism or stereotyping of Japan? Based on twenty months of ethnographic fieldwork, from September through April , in Tokyo, I document the transition that Japanese society at a grassroots level has undergone since this epoch-making law allowed thousands of civic groups to be acknowledged as proactive participants in Japanese social and political life.
My fieldwork involved intensive participant observation as an unpaid staff-researcher at an NPO promoting continuing education in the local community; this field research was supplemented by extensive interviews with NPO participants, Japanese NPO experts in academia, and government officials, attendance at workshops for NPO practitioners across the country, as well as discourse analysis of mass media coverage about NPOs.