This book is not yet featured on Listopia. There are no discussion topics on this book yet. About Arthur Conan Doyle. They were married in Although he is now referred to as "Conan Doyle", the origin of this compound surname if that is how he meant it to be understood is uncertain. It also names Michael Conan as his godfather. He then went on to Stonyhurst College, leaving in From to he studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh. This required that he provide periodic medical assistance in the towns of Aston now a district of Birmingham and Sheffield.
While studying, Conan Doyle began writing short stories. His first published story appeared in " Chambers's Edinburgh Journal " before he was Following his graduation, he was employed as a ship's doctor on the SS Mayumba during a voyage to the West African coast. He completed his doctorate on the subject of tabes dorsalis in She suffered from tuberculosis and died on 4 July The following year he married Jean Elizabeth Leckie, whom he had first met and fallen in love with in Due to his sense of loyalty he had maintained a purely platonic relationship with Jean while his first wife was alive.
Jean died in London on 27 June Conan Doyle fathered five children. Conan Doyle was found clutching his chest in the hall of Windlesham, his house in Crowborough, East Sussex, on 7 July He had died of a heart attack at age The detective is described or demonstrated as possessing above-average physical strength. Roylott demonstrates his strength by bending a fire poker in half. Watson describes Holmes as laughing, "'if he had remained I might have shown him that my grip was not much more feeble than his own. Holmes is an adept bare-knuckle fighter; "The Adventure of the Gloria Scott " mentions that Holmes trained as a boxer.
In The Sign of the Four , he introduces himself to McMurdo, a prize fighter , as "the amateur who fought three rounds with you at Alison's rooms on the night of your benefit four years back. You might have aimed high if you had joined the fancy. The detective occasionally engages in hand-to-hand combat with his adversaries in "The Adventure of the Solitary Cyclist" and " The Adventure of the Naval Treaty ".
Although Holmes is not the original fictional detective, his name has become synonymous with the role.
Sayers ' Lord Peter Wimsey became a successful character for a number of authors. The phrase "Elementary, my dear Watson" is never uttered by Holmes in the sixty stories written by Conan Doyle. He often observes that his conclusions are "elementary", however, and occasionally calls Watson "my dear Watson". One of the nearest approximations of the phrase appears in "The Adventure of the Crooked Man" when Holmes explains a deduction: William Gillette is widely considered to have originated the phrase with the formulation, "Oh, this is elementary, my dear fellow", allegedly in his play Sherlock Holmes.
However, the script was revised numerous times over the course of some three decades of revivals and publications, and the phrase is present in some versions of the script, but not others. Wodehouse 's novel, Psmith in the City —10 ,  and "Elementary, my dear Watson, elementary" in his novel Psmith, Journalist neither spoken by Holmes. It also appears at the end of the film The Return of Sherlock Holmes , the first Holmes sound film. Conan Doyle's 56 short stories and four novels are known as the " canon " by Holmes aficionados.
The Sherlockian game also known as the Holmesian game, the Great Game, or simply the Game attempts to resolve anomalies and clarify details about Holmes and Watson from the canon. The Game, which treats Holmes and Watson as real people and Conan Doyle as Watson's literary agent , combines history with aspects of the stories to construct biographies and other scholarly analyses of these aspects.
Ronald Knox is credited with inventing the Game. One detail analyzed in the Game is Holmes's birth date. The chronology of the stories is notoriously difficult, with many stories lacking dates and many others containing contradictory ones. A Life of the World's First Consulting Detective contend that the detective was born on 6 January , the year being derived from the statement in "His Last Bow" that he was 60 years of age in , while the precise day is derived from broader, non-canonical speculation.
King also speculated about Holmes's birth date. She instead argues that details in "The Adventure of the Gloria Scott " a story with no precise internal date indicate that Holmes finished his second and final year of university in or If he began university at age 17, his birth year could be as late as Holmes's emotional and mental health have long been subjects of analysis in the Game. At their first meeting, in A Study in Scarlet , the detective warns Watson that he gets "in the dumps at times" and doesn't open his "mouth for days on end".
Klinger has suggested that Holmes exhibits signs of bipolar disorder , with intense enthusiasm followed by indolent self-absorption. John Radford speculated on Holmes's intelligence. Snyder examined Holmes's methods in the context of mid- to lateth-century criminology.
Both are still active, although the Sherlock Holmes Society was dissolved in and revived in The London society is one of many worldwide who arrange visits to the scenes of Holmes adventures, such as the Reichenbach Falls in the Swiss Alps. The two societies founded in were followed by many more, first in the U.
There are at least societies worldwide, including Australia, Canada The Bootmakers of Toronto , India, and Japan whose society has 80, members. For the Festival of Britain , Holmes's living room was reconstructed as part of a Sherlock Holmes exhibition, with a collection of original material.
After the festival, items were transferred to The Sherlock Holmes a London pub and the Conan Doyle collection housed in Lucens , Switzerland by the author's son, Adrian. In , the Sherlock Holmes Museum opened on Baker Street in London, followed the next year by a museum in Meiringen near the Reichenbach Falls dedicated to the detective. The London Metropolitan Railway named one of its 20 electric locomotives deployed in the s for Sherlock Holmes.
He was the only fictional character so honoured, along with eminent Britons such as Lord Byron , Benjamin Disraeli , and Florence Nightingale. A number of London streets are associated with Holmes. In , the Royal Society of Chemistry bestowed an honorary fellowship on Holmes  for his use of forensic science and analytical chemistry in popular literature, making him as of the only fictional character thus honoured.
The popularity of Sherlock Holmes has meant that many writers other than Arthur Conan Doyle have created tales of the detective in a wide variety of different media, with varying degrees of fidelity to the original characters, stories, and setting. According to The Alternative Sherlock Holmes: A common pastiche approach is to create a new story fully detailing an otherwise-passing canonical reference such as an aside by Conan Doyle mentioning the " giant rat of Sumatra , a story for which the world is not yet prepared" in " The Adventure of the Sussex Vampire ".
Other adaptations have seen the character taken in radically different directions or placed in different times or even universes. For example, Holmes falls in love and marries in Laurie R. King 's Mary Russell series, is re-animated after his death to fight future crime in the animated series Sherlock Holmes in the 22nd Century , and is meshed with the setting of H.
An especially influential pastiche was Nicholas Meyer 's The Seven-Per-Cent Solution , a New York Times bestselling novel in which Holmes's cocaine addiction has progressed to the point of endangering his career.
It was made into a film of the same name in and popularised the pastiche-writing trend of incorporating clearly identified and contemporaneous historical figures such as Oscar Wilde , Aleister Crowley , or Jack the Ripper into tales featuring Holmes, something Conan Doyle himself never did. In addition to the Holmes canon , Conan Doyle's " The Lost Special " features an unnamed "amateur reasoner" intended to be identified as Holmes by his readers.
The author's explanation of a baffling disappearance argued in Holmesian style poked fun at his own creation. The author wrote other material, especially plays, featuring Holmes. Much of it appears in Sherlock Holmes: Milne , and P. Wodehouse have all written Sherlock Holmes pastiches. Some authors have written tales centred on characters from the canon other than Holmes. Trow has written a series of seventeen books using Inspector Lestrade as the central character, beginning with The Adventures of Inspector Lestrade in Holmes retelling that story from Adler's point of view.
Martin Davies has written three novels where Baker Street housekeeper Mrs. Hudson is the protagonist. Mycroft Holmes has been the subject of several efforts: Enter the Lion by Michael P. Hodel and Sean M. John Gardner , Michael Kurland , and Kim Newman , amongst many others, have all written tales in which Holmes's nemesis Professor Moriarty is the main character. Anthologies edited by Michael Kurland and George Mann are entirely devoted to stories told from the perspective of characters other than Holmes and Watson.
Her Holmes, semi-retired in Sussex, is stumbled upon by a teenaged American girl.
Recognising a kindred spirit, he trains her as his apprentice and subsequently marries her. As of , the series includes fifteen novels and a novella tied into a book from King's Kate Martinelli series The Art of Detection. The Final Solution , a novella by Michael Chabon , concerns an unnamed but long-retired detective interested in beekeeping who tackles the case of a missing parrot belonging to a Jewish refugee boy.
Mitch Cullin 's novel A Slight Trick of the Mind takes place two years after the end of the Second World War , and explores an old and frail Sherlock Holmes now 93 as he comes to terms with a life spent in emotionless logic; this was also adapted into a film, 's Mr. There have been a host of scholarly works dealing with Sherlock Holmes, some working within the bounds of the Great Game, and some written with the understanding that Holmes is a fictional character.
In particular, there have been three major annotated editions of the complete series. This two-volume set was ordered to fit Baring-Gould's preferred chronology, and was written from a Great Game perspective. The second was 's The Oxford Sherlock Holmes general editor: Owen Dudley Edwards , a nine-volume set written in a straight scholarly manner. Guinness World Records has listed Holmes as the "most portrayed movie character",  with more than 70 actors playing the part in over films.
His first screen appearance was in the Mutoscope film, Sherlock Holmes Baffled. In addition to its popularity, the play is significant because it, rather than the original stories, introduced one of the key visual qualities commonly associated with Holmes today: In his lifetime, Gillette performed as Holmes some 1, times.
In the early s, H. Saintsbury took over the role from Gillette for a tour of the play. While the Fox films were period pieces, the Universal films abandoned Victorian Britain and moved to a then-contemporary setting in which Holmes occasionally battled Nazis.
The series was co-directed by Hayao Miyazaki. Between and , Soviet television produced a series of five television films, The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Livanov was appointed an Honorary Member of the Order of the British Empire  for a performance ambassador Anthony Brenton described as "one of the best I've ever seen". Jeremy Brett played the detective in seven series of Sherlock Holmes for Britain's Granada Television from to Watson was played by David Burke in the first three series and Edward Hardwicke in the remainder.
A Game of Shadows. In May a release date of 25 December was set for the third film in the series. In the series, created by Mark Gatiss and Steven Moffat , the stories' original Victorian setting is replaced by present-day London.
Cumberbatch's Holmes uses modern technology including texting and blogging to help solve crimes. The film Mr. Holmes starred Ian McKellen as a retired Sherlock Holmes living in Sussex, in , who grapples with an unsolved case involving a beautiful woman. Holmes has also appeared in video games, including the Sherlock Holmes series of eight main titles. According to the publisher, Frogwares , the series has sold over seven million copies. The copyright for Conan Doyle's works expired in the United Kingdom and Canada at the end of , was revived in and expired again at the end of The author's works are now in the public domain in those territories.
On 14 February , Leslie S.
Klinger lawyer and editor of The New Annotated Sherlock Holmes filed a declaratory judgement suit against the Conan Doyle estate in the Northern District of Illinois asking the court to acknowledge that the characters of Holmes and Watson were public domain in the U. Supreme Court, which declined to hear the case, letting the appeals court's ruling stand.
This final step resulted in the characters from the Holmes stories, along with all but ten of the stories themselves those present in The Case-Book other than "The Adventure of the Mazarin Stone" and "The Problem of Thor Bridge" , being in the public domain in the U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Sherlock Holmes disambiguation.
Sherlock Holmes in a illustration by Sidney Paget. Sherlock Holmes Museum, London. List of authors of new Sherlock Holmes stories. Adaptations of Sherlock Holmes. List of actors who have played Sherlock Holmes. Canon of Sherlock Holmes. Sherlock Holmes portal Novels portal Fictional characters portal Victorian era portal. Retrieved 23 April The New York Times. Retrieved 10 March Retrieved 23 March A to Z Paperback ed. Our Gods Wear Spandex: Lancelyn Green, Richard, ed. The Oxford Sherlock Holmes: The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
The Annotated Sherlock Holmes. The Arthur Conan Doyle Encyclopedia. O'Neill, foreword to Maximilien Heller ". Retrieved 10 November The New Annotated Sherlock Holmes. The Original illustrated 'Strand' Sherlock Holmes ed. The Baker Street Journal. The Sherlock Holmes Handbook.
The methods and mysteries of the world's greatest detective. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine. Retrieved 13 March Model for Sherlock Holmes. Retrieved 17 October The Complete Sherlock Holmes, Volume 2. Discovering Arthur Conan Doyle. Archived from the original on 17 December Retrieved 20 October Retrieved 21 October Retrieved July 23, Oxford studies in epistemology. Baconian science and the nineteenth-Century literary imagination.
Retrieved 19 October A Scandal in Bohemia. The Complete Sherlock Holmes. Archived from the original on 14 November Retrieved 27 April Retrieved 12 January The Yale Book of Quotations. Holmesian homages for Benedict's birthday". Today I Found Out.
Books and Writers kirjasto. Archived from the original on 10 February Retrieved 13 February Retrieved 14 June Baker Street Irregulars Weekend Activities. Retrieved 28 August Archived from the original on 27 January Retrieved 10 January Retrieved 26 October What's the difference between a Sherlockian and a Holmesian? The Baker Street Babes. There's No Place Like Holmes. Portsmouth Museums and Records. Railway Engines of the World. Retrieved 24 September Retrieved 19 June Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 9 August The Detective in Hollywood.
Retrieved 29 October Five ways he transformed how Sherlock Holmes looks and talks". Sherlock Holmes - Bert Coules Interview".
Retrieved 9 March Holmes writer and dramatiser for Radio 4". Retrieved 20 May Archived from the original on 11 March Sherlock Holmes is back Retrieved 27 September Retrieved 15 September It's Called the Public Domain Retrieved 15 April Retrieved 16 June Medical Iconography of Sherlock Holmes. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. Sherlock Holmes of Baker Street: Ms Holmes of Baker Street: The Truth About Sherlock. University of Alberta Press.
A Sherlock Holmes Commentary. Arthur Conan Doyle and the Norwood Years — The Sherlock Holmes Letters. University of Iowa Press. Sherlock Holmes and his creator. The Before-Breakfast Pipe of Mr. The World of Sherlock Holmes.
A Study in Scarlet is a detective mystery novel written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, introducing his new characters, "consulting detective" Sherlock Holmes and his. A Scottish writer and physician, Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle was a prolific and one of the most famous literary figure. His most well-known fictional stories.
Sherlock Holmes and the Kent Railways. The Man and His World. Masculinity, Conan Doyle and Cultural History. From Victorian Sleuth to Modern Hero. The Sherlock Holmes Reference Library. Sherlock Holmes in the Midlands. University of Wisconsin Press , The Baker Street Irregular: